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Validation of the Italian Version of the Caregiver Abuse Screen among Family Caregivers of Older People with Alzheimer's Disease.

Abstract Introduction. Elder abuse is often a hidden phenomenon and, in many cases, screening practices are difficult to implement among older people with dementia. The Caregiver Abuse Screen (CASE) is a useful tool which is administered to family caregivers for detecting their potential abusive behavior. Objectives. To validate the Italian version of the CASE tool in the context of family caregiving of older people with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and to identify risk factors for elder abuse in Italy. Methods. The CASE test was administered to 438 caregivers, recruited in the Up-Tech study. Validity and reliability were evaluated using Spearman's correlation coefficients, principal-component analysis, and Cronbach's alphas. The association between the CASE and other variables potentially associated with elder abuse was also analyzed. Results. The factor analysis suggested the presence of a single factor, with a strong internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha = 0.86). CASE score was strongly correlated with well-known risk factors of abuse. At multivariate level, main factors associated with CASE total score were caregiver burden and AD-related behavioral disturbances. Conclusions. The Italian version of the CASE is a reliable and consistent screening tool for tackling the risk of being or becoming perpetrators of abuse by family caregivers of people with AD.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms

Caregivers

Keywords
Journal Title biomed research international
Publication Year Start




PMID- 28265571
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DA  - 20170307
DCOM- 20170309
LR  - 20170309
IS  - 2314-6141 (Electronic)
VI  - 2017
DP  - 2017
TI  - Validation of the Italian Version of the Caregiver Abuse Screen among Family
      Caregivers of Older People with Alzheimer's Disease.
PG  - 3458372
LID - 10.1155/2017/3458372 [doi]
AB  - Introduction. Elder abuse is often a hidden phenomenon and, in many cases,
      screening practices are difficult to implement among older people with dementia. 
      The Caregiver Abuse Screen (CASE) is a useful tool which is administered to
      family caregivers for detecting their potential abusive behavior. Objectives. To 
      validate the Italian version of the CASE tool in the context of family caregiving
      of older people with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and to identify risk factors for
      elder abuse in Italy. Methods. The CASE test was administered to 438 caregivers, 
      recruited in the Up-Tech study. Validity and reliability were evaluated using
      Spearman's correlation coefficients, principal-component analysis, and Cronbach's
      alphas. The association between the CASE and other variables potentially
      associated with elder abuse was also analyzed. Results. The factor analysis
      suggested the presence of a single factor, with a strong internal consistency
      (Cronbach's alpha = 0.86). CASE score was strongly correlated with well-known
      risk factors of abuse. At multivariate level, main factors associated with CASE
      total score were caregiver burden and AD-related behavioral disturbances.
      Conclusions. The Italian version of the CASE is a reliable and consistent
      screening tool for tackling the risk of being or becoming perpetrators of abuse
      by family caregivers of people with AD.
FAU - Melchiorre, Maria Gabriella
AU  - Melchiorre MG
AUID- ORCID: 0000-0002-4428-3749
AD  - Centre for Socioeconomic Research on Ageing, National Institute of Health and
      Science on Ageing (INRCA), 60124 Ancona, Italy.
FAU - Di Rosa, Mirko
AU  - Di Rosa M
AD  - Scientific Direction, National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA),
      60124 Ancona, Italy.
FAU - Barbabella, Francesco
AU  - Barbabella F
AD  - Centre for Socioeconomic Research on Ageing, National Institute of Health and
      Science on Ageing (INRCA), 60124 Ancona, Italy; Department of Health and Caring
      Sciences, Linnaeus University, 39182 Kalmar, Sweden.
FAU - Barbini, Norma
AU  - Barbini N
AD  - Epidemiological Observatory, National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing
      (INRCA), 60124 Ancona, Italy.
FAU - Lattanzio, Fabrizia
AU  - Lattanzio F
AUID- ORCID: 0000-0003-4051-1289
AD  - Scientific Direction, National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA),
      60124 Ancona, Italy.
FAU - Chiatti, Carlos
AU  - Chiatti C
AD  - Scientific Direction, National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA),
      60124 Ancona, Italy.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
PT  - Randomized Controlled Trial
PT  - Validation Studies
DEP - 20170207
PL  - United States
TA  - Biomed Res Int
JT  - BioMed research international
JID - 101600173
SB  - IM
MH  - Aged
MH  - Aged, 80 and over
MH  - Alzheimer Disease/*psychology
MH  - *Caregivers
MH  - Elder Abuse/*psychology
MH  - Humans
MH  - Italy
PMC - PMC5318638
COI - The authors declare that there is no conflict of interests regarding the
      publication of this paper.
EDAT- 2017/03/08 06:00
MHDA- 2017/03/10 06:00
CRDT- 2017/03/08 06:00
PHST- 2016/10/09 [received]
PHST- 2016/11/20 [revised]
PHST- 2016/12/27 [accepted]
AID - 10.1155/2017/3458372 [doi]
PST - ppublish
SO  - Biomed Res Int. 2017;2017:3458372. doi: 10.1155/2017/3458372. Epub 2017 Feb 7.

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