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Anthelmintic Resistance of Strongyle Nematodes to Ivermectin and Fenbendazole on Cart Horses in Gondar, Northwest Ethiopia.

Abstract A study was conducted from November 2015 to April 2016 to determine fenbendazole and ivermectin resistance status of intestinal nematodes of cart horses in Gondar, Northwest Ethiopia. Forty-five strongyle infected animals were used for this study. The animals were randomly allocated into three groups (15 horses per group). Group I was treated with fenbendazole and Group II with ivermectin and Group III was left untreated. Faecal samples were collected from each cart horse before and after treatment. Accordingly, the reduction in the mean fecal egg count at fourteen days of treatment for ivermectin and fenbendazole was 97.25% and 79.4%, respectively. It was significantly different in net egg count between treatment and control groups after treatment. From the study, resistance level was determined for fenbendazole and suspected for ivermectin. In addition, a questionnaire survey was also conducted on 90 selected cart owners to assess their perception on anthelmintics. In the survey, the most available drugs in the study area used by the owners were fenbendazole and ivermectin. Most respondents have no knowledge about drug management techniques. Hence, animal health extension services to create awareness regarding anthelmintic management that plays a key role in reducing the anthelmintic resistance parasites.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms

Drug Resistance

Keywords
Journal Title biomed research international
Publication Year Start




PMID- 28265572
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DA  - 20170307
DCOM- 20170309
LR  - 20170309
IS  - 2314-6141 (Electronic)
VI  - 2017
DP  - 2017
TI  - Anthelmintic Resistance of Strongyle Nematodes to Ivermectin and Fenbendazole on 
      Cart Horses in Gondar, Northwest Ethiopia.
PG  - 5163968
LID - 10.1155/2017/5163968 [doi]
AB  - A study was conducted from November 2015 to April 2016 to determine fenbendazole 
      and ivermectin resistance status of intestinal nematodes of cart horses in
      Gondar, Northwest Ethiopia. Forty-five strongyle infected animals were used for
      this study. The animals were randomly allocated into three groups (15 horses per 
      group). Group I was treated with fenbendazole and Group II with ivermectin and
      Group III was left untreated. Faecal samples were collected from each cart horse 
      before and after treatment. Accordingly, the reduction in the mean fecal egg
      count at fourteen days of treatment for ivermectin and fenbendazole was 97.25%
      and 79.4%, respectively. It was significantly different in net egg count between 
      treatment and control groups after treatment. From the study, resistance level
      was determined for fenbendazole and suspected for ivermectin. In addition, a
      questionnaire survey was also conducted on 90 selected cart owners to assess
      their perception on anthelmintics. In the survey, the most available drugs in the
      study area used by the owners were fenbendazole and ivermectin. Most respondents 
      have no knowledge about drug management techniques. Hence, animal health
      extension services to create awareness regarding anthelmintic management that
      plays a key role in reducing the anthelmintic resistance parasites.
FAU - Seyoum, Zewdu
AU  - Seyoum Z
AUID- ORCID: 0000-0002-5291-2795
AD  - Department of Paraclinical Studies, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of
      Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.
FAU - Zewdu, Alemu
AU  - Zewdu A
AD  - Department of Paraclinical Studies, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of
      Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.
FAU - Dagnachew, Shimelis
AU  - Dagnachew S
AD  - Department of Paraclinical Studies, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of
      Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.
FAU - Bogale, Basazinew
AU  - Bogale B
AD  - Department of Paraclinical Studies, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of
      Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
DEP - 20170207
PL  - United States
TA  - Biomed Res Int
JT  - BioMed research international
JID - 101600173
RN  - 70288-86-7 (Ivermectin)
SB  - IM
MH  - Animals
MH  - *Drug Resistance
MH  - Ethiopia/epidemiology
MH  - Horses/*parasitology
MH  - Ivermectin/*pharmacology
MH  - Strongyle Infections, Equine/*drug therapy/epidemiology
MH  - Strongylus
PMC - PMC5318625
COI - The authors declare that there is no conflict of interests regarding the
      publication of this paper.
EDAT- 2017/03/08 06:00
MHDA- 2017/03/10 06:00
CRDT- 2017/03/08 06:00
PHST- 2016/11/01 [received]
PHST- 2017/01/10 [accepted]
AID - 10.1155/2017/5163968 [doi]
PST - ppublish
SO  - Biomed Res Int. 2017;2017:5163968. doi: 10.1155/2017/5163968. Epub 2017 Feb 7.

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