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Apropos: critical analysis of molluscicide application in schistosomiasis control programs in Brazil.

Abstract Schistosomiasis is a snail-transmitted infectious disease affecting over 200 million people worldwide. Snail control has been recognized as an effective approach to interrupt the transmission of schistosomiasis, since the geographic distribution of this neglected tropical disease is determined by the presence of the intermediate host snails. In a recent Scoping Review published in Infectious Diseases of Poverty, Coelho and Caldeira performed a critical review of using molluscicides in the national schistosomiasis control programs in Brazil. They also described some chemical and plant-derived molluscicides used in China. In addition to the molluscicides described by Coelho and Caldeira, a large number of chemicals, plant extracts and microorganisms have been screened and tested for molluscicidal actions against Oncomelania hupensis, the intermediate host of Schistosoma japonicum in China. Here, we presented the currently commercial molluscicides available in China, including 26% suspension concentrate of metaldehyde and niclosamide (MNSC), 25% suspension concentrate of niclosamide ethanolamine salt (SCNE), 50% niclosamide ethanolamine salt wettable powder (WPN), 4% niclosamide ethanolamine salt dustable powder (NESP), 5% niclosamide ethanolamine salt granule (NESG) and the plant-derived molluscicide "Luowei". These molluscicides have been proved to be active against O. hupensis in both laboratory and endemic fields, playing an important role in the national schistosomiasis control program of China. Currently, China is transferring its successful experiences on schistosomiasis control to African countries. The introduction of Chinese commercial molluscicides to Africa, with adaptation to local conditions, may facilitate the progress towards the elimination of schisosomiasis in Africa.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms
Keywords

25% suspension concentrate of niclosamide ethanolamine salt

26% suspension concentrate of metaldehyde and niclosamide

4% niclosamide ethanolamine salt dustable powder

5% niclosamide ethanolamine salt granule

50% niclosamide ethanolamine salt wettable powder

Luowei

Molluscicide

Oncomelania hupensis

Schistosomiasis

Journal Title infectious diseases of poverty
Publication Year Start




PMID- 28270227
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DA  - 20170308
DCOM- 20170313
LR  - 20170313
IS  - 2049-9957 (Electronic)
IS  - 2049-9957 (Linking)
VI  - 6
IP  - 1
DP  - 2017 Mar 07
TI  - Apropos: critical analysis of molluscicide application in schistosomiasis control
      programs in Brazil.
PG  - 54
LID - 10.1186/s40249-017-0246-x [doi]
AB  - Schistosomiasis is a snail-transmitted infectious disease affecting over 200
      million people worldwide. Snail control has been recognized as an effective
      approach to interrupt the transmission of schistosomiasis, since the geographic
      distribution of this neglected tropical disease is determined by the presence of 
      the intermediate host snails. In a recent Scoping Review published in Infectious 
      Diseases of Poverty, Coelho and Caldeira performed a critical review of using
      molluscicides in the national schistosomiasis control programs in Brazil. They
      also described some chemical and plant-derived molluscicides used in China. In
      addition to the molluscicides described by Coelho and Caldeira, a large number of
      chemicals, plant extracts and microorganisms have been screened and tested for
      molluscicidal actions against Oncomelania hupensis, the intermediate host of
      Schistosoma japonicum in China. Here, we presented the currently commercial
      molluscicides available in China, including 26% suspension concentrate of
      metaldehyde and niclosamide (MNSC), 25% suspension concentrate of niclosamide
      ethanolamine salt (SCNE), 50% niclosamide ethanolamine salt wettable powder
      (WPN), 4% niclosamide ethanolamine salt dustable powder (NESP), 5% niclosamide
      ethanolamine salt granule (NESG) and the plant-derived molluscicide "Luowei".
      These molluscicides have been proved to be active against O. hupensis in both
      laboratory and endemic fields, playing an important role in the national
      schistosomiasis control program of China. Currently, China is transferring its
      successful experiences on schistosomiasis control to African countries. The
      introduction of Chinese commercial molluscicides to Africa, with adaptation to
      local conditions, may facilitate the progress towards the elimination of
      schisosomiasis in Africa.
FAU - Li, Hongjun
AU  - Li H
AD  - Weifang Maternity and Child Care Hospital, 407 Qingnian Road, Weicheng District, 
      Weifang City, Shandong Province, 261011, China.
FAU - Wang, Wei
AU  - Wang W
AUID- ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5709-981X
AD  - Key Laboratory of National Health and Family Planning Commission on Parasitic
      Disease Control and Prevention, 117 Yangxiang, Meiyuan, Wuxi City, Jiangsu
      Province, 214064, China. wangwei@jipd.com.
AD  - Jiangsu Provincial Key Laboratory on Parasites and Vector Control Technology, 117
      Yangxiang, Meiyuan, Wuxi City, Jiangsu Province, 214064, China. wangwei@jipd.com.
AD  - Jiangsu Institute of Parasitic Diseases, 117 Yangxiang, Meiyuan, Wuxi City,
      Jiangsu Province, 214064, China. wangwei@jipd.com.
AD  - School of Public Health, Fujian Medical University, No. 88 Jiaotong Road, Fuzhou 
      City, Fujian Province, 350004, China. wangwei@jipd.com.
LA  - eng
PT  - Letter
DEP - 20170307
PL  - England
TA  - Infect Dis Poverty
JT  - Infectious diseases of poverty
JID - 101606645
RN  - 0 (Molluscacides)
SB  - IM
MH  - Animals
MH  - Brazil/epidemiology
MH  - Communicable Disease Control/*methods
MH  - Disease Transmission, Infectious/*prevention & control
MH  - Humans
MH  - Molluscacides/*administration & dosage
MH  - Schistosomiasis/epidemiology/*prevention & control
MH  - Snails/*drug effects/parasitology
PMC - PMC5341408
OTO - NOTNLM
OT  - 25% suspension concentrate of niclosamide ethanolamine salt
OT  - 26% suspension concentrate of metaldehyde and niclosamide
OT  - 4% niclosamide ethanolamine salt dustable powder
OT  - 5% niclosamide ethanolamine salt granule
OT  - 50% niclosamide ethanolamine salt wettable powder
OT  - Luowei
OT  - Molluscicide
OT  - Oncomelania hupensis
OT  - Schistosomiasis
EDAT- 2017/03/09 06:00
MHDA- 2017/03/14 06:00
CRDT- 2017/03/09 06:00
PHST- 2016/07/29 [received]
PHST- 2017/01/17 [accepted]
AID - 10.1186/s40249-017-0246-x [doi]
AID - 10.1186/s40249-017-0246-x [pii]
PST - epublish
SO  - Infect Dis Poverty. 2017 Mar 7;6(1):54. doi: 10.1186/s40249-017-0246-x.

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