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"Preliminary Seroepidemiological survey of dengue infections in Pakistan, 2009-2014".

Abstract Dengue virus is the causative agent of dengue fever, a vector borne infection which causes self-limiting to life threatening disease in humans. A sero-epidemiological study was conducted to understand the current epidemiology of dengue virus in Pakistan which is now known as a dengue endemic country after its first reported outbreak in 1994.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms

Disease Outbreaks

Keywords

Dengue Virus

IgM ELISA

Pakistan

Vector

epidemiology

Journal Title infectious diseases of poverty
Publication Year Start




PMID- 28274279
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DA  - 20170309
DCOM- 20170317
LR  - 20170317
IS  - 2049-9957 (Electronic)
IS  - 2049-9957 (Linking)
VI  - 6
IP  - 1
DP  - 2017 Mar 09
TI  - "Preliminary Seroepidemiological survey of dengue infections in Pakistan,
      2009-2014".
PG  - 48
LID - 10.1186/s40249-017-0258-6 [doi]
AB  - BACKGROUND: Dengue virus is the causative agent of dengue fever, a vector borne
      infection which causes self-limiting to life threatening disease in humans. A
      sero-epidemiological study was conducted to understand the current epidemiology
      of dengue virus in Pakistan which is now known as a dengue endemic country after 
      its first reported outbreak in 1994. METHODS: To investigate the prevalence of
      dengue virus in Pakistan during 2009-2014, a total of 9,493 blood samples were
      screened for the detection of anti-dengue IgM antibodies using ELISA. Clinical
      and demographic features available with hospital records were reviewed to
      ascertain mortalities related to dengue hemorrhagic shock syndrome. RESULTS: Out 
      of 9,493 samples tested, 37% (3,504) were found positive for anti-dengue IgM
      antibodies. Of the seropositive cases, 73.6% (2,578/3,504) were male and 26.4%
      (926/3,504) were female. The highest number (382/929; 41.1%) of sero-positive
      cases was observed among the individuals of age group 31-40 years. The highest
      number of symptomatic cases was reported in October (46%; 4,400/9,493), and the
      highest number of sero-positive cases among symptomatic cases was observed in
      November (45.7%; 806/1,764). Mean annual patient incidence (MAPI) during
      2009-2014 in Pakistan remained 0.30 with the highest annual patient incidence
      (11.03) found in Islamabad. According to the available medical case record, 472
      dengue related deaths were reported during 2009-2014. CONCLUSION: The data from
      earlier reports in Pakistan described the dengue virus incidence from limited
      areas of the country. Our findings are important considering the testing of
      clinical samples at a larger scale covering patients of vast geographical regions
      and warrants timely implementation of dengue vector surveillance and control
      programs. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: It is an epidemiological research study, so 
      trial registration is not required.
FAU - Suleman, Muhammad
AU  - Suleman M
AD  - Department of Microbiology, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan.
AD  - Department of Virology, National Institute of Health, Islamabad, Pakistan.
FAU - Lee, Hyeong-Woo
AU  - Lee HW
AD  - Department of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology, Inha University School of
      Medicine, Incheon, 22212, Republic of Korea.
FAU - Zaidi, Syed Sohail Zahoor
AU  - Zaidi SS
AD  - Department of Virology, National Institute of Health, Islamabad, Pakistan.
FAU - Alam, Muhammad Masroor
AU  - Alam MM
AD  - Department of Virology, National Institute of Health, Islamabad, Pakistan.
FAU - Nisar, Nadia
AU  - Nisar N
AD  - Department of Virology, National Institute of Health, Islamabad, Pakistan.
FAU - Aamir, Uzma Bashir
AU  - Aamir UB
AD  - Department of Virology, National Institute of Health, Islamabad, Pakistan.
FAU - Sharif, Salmaan
AU  - Sharif S
AD  - Department of Virology, National Institute of Health, Islamabad, Pakistan.
FAU - Shaukat, Shahzad
AU  - Shaukat S
AD  - Department of Virology, National Institute of Health, Islamabad, Pakistan.
FAU - Khurshid, Adnan
AU  - Khurshid A
AD  - Department of Virology, National Institute of Health, Islamabad, Pakistan.
FAU - Angez, Mehar
AU  - Angez M
AD  - Department of Virology, National Institute of Health, Islamabad, Pakistan.
FAU - Umair, Massab
AU  - Umair M
AD  - Department of Virology, National Institute of Health, Islamabad, Pakistan.
FAU - Mujtaba, Ghulam
AU  - Mujtaba G
AD  - Department of Virology, National Institute of Health, Islamabad, Pakistan.
FAU - Faryal, Rani
AU  - Faryal R
AD  - Department of Microbiology, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan.
      ranifaryal@gmail.com.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
DEP - 20170309
PL  - England
TA  - Infect Dis Poverty
JT  - Infectious diseases of poverty
JID - 101606645
RN  - 0 (Antibodies, Viral)
RN  - 0 (Immunoglobulin M)
SB  - IM
MH  - Adolescent
MH  - Adult
MH  - Aged
MH  - Antibodies, Viral/*blood
MH  - Child
MH  - Child, Preschool
MH  - Dengue Virus/growth & development/*isolation & purification/pathogenicity
MH  - *Disease Outbreaks
MH  - Female
MH  - Health Surveys
MH  - Humans
MH  - Immunoglobulin M/*blood
MH  - Incidence
MH  - Infant
MH  - Infant, Newborn
MH  - Male
MH  - Middle Aged
MH  - Pakistan/epidemiology
MH  - Seasons
MH  - Seroepidemiologic Studies
MH  - Severe Dengue/diagnosis/*epidemiology/immunology/mortality
MH  - Survival Analysis
PMC - PMC5343310
OTO - NOTNLM
OT  - Dengue Virus
OT  - IgM ELISA
OT  - Pakistan
OT  - Vector
OT  - epidemiology
EDAT- 2017/03/10 06:00
MHDA- 2017/03/18 06:00
CRDT- 2017/03/10 06:00
PHST- 2016/06/22 [received]
PHST- 2017/02/14 [accepted]
AID - 10.1186/s40249-017-0258-6 [doi]
AID - 10.1186/s40249-017-0258-6 [pii]
PST - epublish
SO  - Infect Dis Poverty. 2017 Mar 9;6(1):48. doi: 10.1186/s40249-017-0258-6.

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