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Prevalence and risk factors of contact dermatitis among clothing manufacturing employees in Beijing: A cross-sectional study.

Abstract Little is known about the epidemiology of contact dermatitis (CD) in the Chinese clothing industry. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and some risk factors of contact dermatitis among clothing manufacturing employees in Beijing.This cross-sectional study was conducted by interview using self-administered questionnaires and skin examination between May and August in 2016. Five-hundred twenty-nine employees who had worked at sewing, ironing, and as managers at 12 clothing manufacturing factories were studied.The overall 1-year prevalence of CD among the clothing employees was 28.5% (151/529 employees), with significantly higher prevalence among ironing workers (50%) and sewers (31.7%) compared with managers (12.7%; P < 0.001, n = 529). A significant association was noticed between the 1-year prevalence of CD and types of occupation (sewers and ironing workers versus managers, respectively), exposure to garment materials (leather and feather), dry skin, allergic rhinitis, age, and smoking.Among employees in Chinese clothing industry, sewers and ironing workers had a higher 1-year prevalence of CD than managers. It is noteworthy that exposure to leather and feather materials and the types of manual work are associated with CD, as well as dry skin and allergic rhinitis.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms

Clothing

Manufacturing Industry

Keywords
Journal Title medicine
Publication Year Start




PMID- 28328819
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DA  - 20170322
DCOM- 20170412
LR  - 20170412
IS  - 1536-5964 (Electronic)
IS  - 0025-7974 (Linking)
VI  - 96
IP  - 12
DP  - 2017 Mar
TI  - Prevalence and risk factors of contact dermatitis among clothing manufacturing
      employees in Beijing: A cross-sectional study.
PG  - e6356
LID - 10.1097/MD.0000000000006356 [doi]
AB  - Little is known about the epidemiology of contact dermatitis (CD) in the Chinese 
      clothing industry. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and some risk
      factors of contact dermatitis among clothing manufacturing employees in
      Beijing.This cross-sectional study was conducted by interview using
      self-administered questionnaires and skin examination between May and August in
      2016. Five-hundred twenty-nine employees who had worked at sewing, ironing, and
      as managers at 12 clothing manufacturing factories were studied.The overall
      1-year prevalence of CD among the clothing employees was 28.5% (151/529
      employees), with significantly higher prevalence among ironing workers (50%) and 
      sewers (31.7%) compared with managers (12.7%; P &lt; 0.001, n = 529). A significant 
      association was noticed between the 1-year prevalence of CD and types of
      occupation (sewers and ironing workers versus managers, respectively), exposure
      to garment materials (leather and feather), dry skin, allergic rhinitis, age, and
      smoking.Among employees in Chinese clothing industry, sewers and ironing workers 
      had a higher 1-year prevalence of CD than managers. It is noteworthy that
      exposure to leather and feather materials and the types of manual work are
      associated with CD, as well as dry skin and allergic rhinitis.
FAU - Chen, Yu-Xin
AU  - Chen YX
AD  - aDepartment of Dermatology, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical
      University bDepartment of Dermatology, Beijing Aerospace General Hospital,
      Beijing, China.
FAU - Cheng, Hai-Yan
AU  - Cheng HY
FAU - Li, Lin-Feng
AU  - Li LF
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
PT  - Observational Study
PL  - United States
TA  - Medicine (Baltimore)
JT  - Medicine
JID - 2985248R
SB  - AIM
SB  - IM
MH  - Adolescent
MH  - Adult
MH  - Beijing/epidemiology
MH  - *Clothing
MH  - Cross-Sectional Studies
MH  - Dermatitis, Contact/*epidemiology/etiology
MH  - Female
MH  - Humans
MH  - Male
MH  - *Manufacturing Industry
MH  - Middle Aged
MH  - Occupational Diseases/*epidemiology
MH  - Occupational Exposure/adverse effects
MH  - Prevalence
MH  - Risk Factors
MH  - Surveys and Questionnaires
MH  - Young Adult
PMC - PMC5371456
EDAT- 2017/03/23 06:00
MHDA- 2017/04/13 06:00
CRDT- 2017/03/23 06:00
AID - 10.1097/MD.0000000000006356 [doi]
AID - 00005792-201703240-00022 [pii]
PST - ppublish
SO  - Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Mar;96(12):e6356. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000006356.

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