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Feline visceral leishmaniasis in Kerman, southeast of Iran: Serological and molecular study.

Abstract Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a fatal zoonotic disease in tropical and sub-tropical countries including Iran. Dogs constitute the main domestic reservoir for VL (kala-azar) in Iran but incidence of the disease in cats from Fars and East Azerbaijan provinces has led to propose them as secondary reservoirs, and possible expansion of the feline role in the transmission of disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of Leishmania infantum infection in stray cats in Kerman City by ELISA and PCR methods.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms
Keywords
Journal Title journal of vector borne diseases
Publication Year Start




PMID- 28352052
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DA  - 20170329
DCOM- 20170414
LR  - 20170414
IS  - 0972-9062 (Print)
IS  - 0972-9062 (Linking)
VI  - 54
IP  - 1
DP  - 2017 Jan-Mar
TI  - Feline visceral leishmaniasis in Kerman, southeast of Iran: Serological and
      molecular study.
PG  - 96-102
AB  - BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a fatal zoonotic disease 
      in tropical and sub-tropical countries including Iran. Dogs constitute the main
      domestic reservoir for VL (kala-azar) in Iran but incidence of the disease in
      cats from Fars and East Azerbaijan provinces has led to propose them as secondary
      reservoirs, and possible expansion of the feline role in the transmission of
      disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of Leishmania
      infantum infection in stray cats in Kerman City by ELISA and PCR methods.
      METHODS: In this cross-sectional descriptive study, 60 stray cats were randomly
      live trapped from different parts of Kerman City during a six month period
      between March and September 2014. About 3 ml blood samples were drawn from
      jugular vein of captured cats and a detailed questionnaire about demographic
      characteristics and clini- cal status of each cat was recorded by attending
      veterinarian. The complete blood counts and biochemistry analysis were performed 
      for all cats. Finally collected sera samples were tested by an indirect
      enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kit and PCR amplification method.
      RESULTS: Prevalence of Leishmania infantum infection was 6.7 and 16.7% by ELISA
      and PCR assays, respectively. Infection rate was significantly higher in
      leukopenic cats, which were older than 3 yr. INTERPRETATION & CONCLUSION: The
      results of the study indicate that stray cats are at risk of L. infantum
      infection in Kerman City. Further, studies are required to elucidate the role of 
      cats as potential reservoir host in the epidemiol- ogy of VL in endemic regions.
FAU - Akhtardanesh, Baharak
AU  - Akhtardanesh B
AD  - Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Shahid Bahonar
      University of Kerman, Kerman; Leishmaniasis Research Center, Kerman, Iran.
FAU - Sharifi, Iraj
AU  - Sharifi I
AD  - Leishmaniasis Research Center, Kerman, Iran.
FAU - Mohammadi, Ali
AU  - Mohammadi A
AD  - Leishmaniasis Research Center, Kerman; Research Center for Hydatid Disease in
      Iran, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.
FAU - Mostafavi, Mahshid
AU  - Mostafavi M
AD  - Leishmaniasis Research Center, Kerman, Iran.
FAU - Hakimmipour, Mojdeh
AU  - Hakimmipour M
AD  - Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Shahid Bahonar
      University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran.
FAU - Pourafshar, Neda Ghasemi
AU  - Pourafshar NG
AD  - Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Shahid Bahonar
      University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
PL  - India
TA  - J Vector Borne Dis
JT  - Journal of vector borne diseases
JID - 101212761
RN  - 0 (Antibodies, Protozoan)
RN  - 0 (DNA, Protozoan)
SB  - IM
MH  - Animals
MH  - Antibodies, Protozoan/blood
MH  - Cat Diseases/*epidemiology
MH  - Cats
MH  - Cities/epidemiology
MH  - Cross-Sectional Studies
MH  - DNA, Protozoan/blood
MH  - Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
MH  - Iran/epidemiology
MH  - Leishmania infantum/genetics/immunology/*isolation & purification
MH  - Leishmaniasis, Visceral/epidemiology/*veterinary
MH  - Polymerase Chain Reaction
MH  - Prevalence
EDAT- 2017/03/30 06:00
MHDA- 2017/04/15 06:00
CRDT- 2017/03/30 06:00
AID - JVectorBorneDis_2017_54_1_96_203190 [pii]
PST - ppublish
SO  - J Vector Borne Dis. 2017 Jan-Mar;54(1):96-102.

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