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The Development and Psychometric Evaluation of a Supplementary Index Score of the Neuropsychological Assessment Battery Screening Module that is Sensitive to Traumatic Brain Injury.

Abstract This study examines the validity of the NAB Screening Module (screening module of the neuropsychological assessment battery, S-NAB) in an acute traumatic brain injury (TBI) inpatient population and provides psychometric evaluation of an original index sensitive to TBI impairment.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms

Neuropsychological Tests

Keywords

Neuropsychological assessment

Neuropsychological assessment battery

Screening test

Traumatic brain injury

Journal Title archives of clinical neuropsychology : the official journal of the national academy of neuropsychologists
Publication Year Start




PMID- 28365746
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DA  - 20170402
DCOM- 20170412
LR  - 20170412
IS  - 1873-5843 (Electronic)
IS  - 0887-6177 (Linking)
VI  - 32
IP  - 2
DP  - 2017 Mar 01
TI  - The Development and Psychometric Evaluation of a Supplementary Index Score of the
      Neuropsychological Assessment Battery Screening Module that is Sensitive to
      Traumatic Brain Injury.
PG  - 215-227
LID - 10.1093/arclin/acw087 [doi]
AB  - Objective: This study examines the validity of the NAB Screening Module
      (screening module of the neuropsychological assessment battery, S-NAB) in an
      acute traumatic brain injury (TBI) inpatient population and provides psychometric
      evaluation of an original index sensitive to TBI impairment. Method: The utility 
      of the S-NAB as a TBI screen was examined using a between groups design.
      One-hundred and four patients with mild complicated to severe TBI were recruited 
      from a consecutive cohort of patients admitted as inpatients to a UK Major Trauma
      Centre. Ninety-eight control participants were selected from the S-NAB normative 
      sample. All TBI patients completed the S-NAB during their inpatient stay.
      Results: Control participants scored significantly higher than TBI participants
      on the Total Screening index (t = 3.626, p < 0.01), The Attention index (t =
      7.882, p < 0.01), and the Executive index (t = 5.577, p < 0.01). A briefer TBI
      Impairment index of six subtests was constructed which accurately discriminated
      TBI patients from normative controls (t = 9.9, p < 0.01; Cohen's d = 1.54). The
      TBI index had excellent classification accuracy (AUC = 0.83), superior to that of
      the standard S-NAB indices. The TBI Index, Attention Index, and Total Screening
      Index demonstrated increasing impairment with increased severity of injury.
      Conclusions: The S-NAB TBI index is a robust, reliable screening index for use
      with acute TBI patients, which is sensitive to the effects of acute TBI. It
      affords a briefer cognitive screen than the S-NAB and demonstrates a dose
      response relationship to TBI severity.
FAU - Hacker, David
AU  - Hacker D
AD  - Clinical Neuropsychology Department, University Hospitals Birmingham NHS
      Foundation Trust, Birmingham, UK.
FAU - Jones, Christopher A
AU  - Jones CA
AD  - Clinical Neuropsychology Department, University Hospitals Birmingham NHS
      Foundation Trust, Birmingham, UK.
AD  - School of Psychology, The University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK.
FAU - Clowes, Zoe
AU  - Clowes Z
AD  - Clinical Neuropsychology Department, University Hospitals Birmingham NHS
      Foundation Trust, Birmingham, UK.
FAU - Belli, Antonio
AU  - Belli A
AD  - Department of Neurosurgery, University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust.
FAU - Su, Zhangjie
AU  - Su Z
AD  - School of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Birmingham,
      Birmingham, UK.
AD  - Clinical Neurosciences, Institute of Brain, Behaviour and Mental Health,
      University of Manchester, UK.
FAU - Sitaraman, Murugan
AU  - Sitaraman M
AD  - Department of Neurosurgery, University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust.
FAU - Davies, David
AU  - Davies D
AD  - Department of Neurosurgery, University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust.
FAU - Taylor, Ross
AU  - Taylor R
AD  - Clinical Neuropsychology Department, University Hospitals Birmingham NHS
      Foundation Trust, Birmingham, UK.
FAU - Flahive, Elizabeth
AU  - Flahive E
AD  - Department of Occupational Therapy, University Hospitals Birmingham NHS
      Foundation Trust, UK.
FAU - Travis, Clare
AU  - Travis C
AD  - Department of Occupational Therapy, University Hospitals Birmingham NHS
      Foundation Trust, UK.
FAU - O'Neil, Nicci
AU  - O'Neil N
AD  - Department of Occupational Therapy, University Hospitals Birmingham NHS
      Foundation Trust, UK.
FAU - Pettigrew, Yvonne
AU  - Pettigrew Y
AD  - Department of Occupational Therapy, University Hospitals Birmingham NHS
      Foundation Trust, UK.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
PL  - United States
TA  - Arch Clin Neuropsychol
JT  - Archives of clinical neuropsychology : the official journal of the National
      Academy of Neuropsychologists
JID - 9004255
SB  - IM
MH  - Adult
MH  - Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity/diagnosis/etiology
MH  - Brain Injuries, Traumatic/*complications/*psychology
MH  - Cognition Disorders/*diagnosis/*etiology
MH  - Cohort Studies
MH  - Executive Function/physiology
MH  - Female
MH  - Glasgow Outcome Scale
MH  - Humans
MH  - Logistic Models
MH  - Male
MH  - Mass Screening
MH  - Memory/physiology
MH  - Middle Aged
MH  - *Neuropsychological Tests
MH  - ROC Curve
MH  - Severity of Illness Index
OTO - NOTNLM
OT  - Neuropsychological assessment
OT  - Neuropsychological assessment battery
OT  - Screening test
OT  - Traumatic brain injury
EDAT- 2017/04/04 06:00
MHDA- 2017/04/13 06:00
CRDT- 2017/04/03 06:00
PHST- 2016/10/03 [accepted]
AID - 2447480 [pii]
AID - 10.1093/arclin/acw087 [doi]
PST - ppublish
SO  - Arch Clin Neuropsychol. 2017 Mar 1;32(2):215-227. doi: 10.1093/arclin/acw087.

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