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Prevalence of HIV and malaria: a cross-sectional study on Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea.

Abstract Malaria and HIV are two of the most severe public health problems in Africa. However, epidemiological data on Bioko Island is scarce. To investigate the prevalence of malaria and HIV infections and assess association of malaria and HIV infections and possible confounding factors, we performed a cross-sectional survey of people of malaria-endemic Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea. A cross-sectional study of 1 526 subjects was carried out to determine the prevalence of malaria and HIV infection in Malabo region hospital on Bioko Island. Questionnaires were administered and venous blood samples were drawn for malaria parasites and HIV detection. The prevalence of participants infected with malaria and HIV in this area were 13.8% and 6.6% respectively. The average prevalence of co-infection for malaria and HIV was 0.92%. HIV-infection was significantly associated with the age and gender. Malaria infections were significantly associated with the age. This study showed that the prevalence of HIV and malaria on Bioko Island was higher than expected, although the co-infection prevalence of malaria and HIV was low. The results also indicated that malaria and HIV infections lead to more public health risk to youngsters and women.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms
Keywords

Bioko Island

HIV

cross-sectional study

malaria

malaria and HIV co-infection

prevalence

Journal Title african journal of aids research : ajar
Publication Year Start




PMID- 28367743
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DA  - 20170403
DCOM- 20170418
LR  - 20170418
IS  - 1727-9445 (Electronic)
IS  - 1608-5906 (Linking)
VI  - 16
IP  - 1
DP  - 2017 Mar
TI  - Prevalence of HIV and malaria: a cross-sectional study on Bioko Island,
      Equatorial Guinea.
PG  - 65-70
LID - 10.2989/16085906.2016.1257495 [doi]
AB  - Malaria and HIV are two of the most severe public health problems in Africa.
      However, epidemiological data on Bioko Island is scarce. To investigate the
      prevalence of malaria and HIV infections and assess association of malaria and
      HIV infections and possible confounding factors, we performed a cross-sectional
      survey of people of malaria-endemic Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea. A
      cross-sectional study of 1 526 subjects was carried out to determine the
      prevalence of malaria and HIV infection in Malabo region hospital on Bioko
      Island. Questionnaires were administered and venous blood samples were drawn for 
      malaria parasites and HIV detection. The prevalence of participants infected with
      malaria and HIV in this area were 13.8% and 6.6% respectively. The average
      prevalence of co-infection for malaria and HIV was 0.92%. HIV-infection was
      significantly associated with the age and gender. Malaria infections were
      significantly associated with the age. This study showed that the prevalence of
      HIV and malaria on Bioko Island was higher than expected, although the
      co-infection prevalence of malaria and HIV was low. The results also indicated
      that malaria and HIV infections lead to more public health risk to youngsters and
      women.
FAU - Zheng, Xiangbin
AU  - Zheng X
AD  - a Central Laboratory , Chaozhou Central Hospital Affiliated to Southern Medical
      University , Chaozhou , Guangdong , People's Republic of China.
FAU - Lin, Min
AU  - Lin M
AD  - a Central Laboratory , Chaozhou Central Hospital Affiliated to Southern Medical
      University , Chaozhou , Guangdong , People's Republic of China.
FAU - Xie, Dong-De
AU  - Xie DD
AD  - b Laboratory Medical Center , The People's Hospital of Jiangmen , Jiangmen ,
      Guangdong , People's Republic of China.
AD  - c The Chinese medical aid team to the Republic of Equatorial Guinea , Guangzhou ,
      Guangdong Province , People's Republic of China.
FAU - Li, Jian
AU  - Li J
AD  - d Department of Parasitology , College of Basic Medicine, Hubei University of
      Medicine , Shiyan , Hubei , People's Republic of China .
FAU - Chen, Jiang-Tao
AU  - Chen JT
AD  - c The Chinese medical aid team to the Republic of Equatorial Guinea , Guangzhou ,
      Guangdong Province , People's Republic of China.
AD  - e Laboratory Medical Center , Huizhou Municipal Central People's Hospital ,
      Guangdong, Huizhou , Guangdong , People's Republic of China.
FAU - Eyi, Urbano Monsuy
AU  - Eyi UM
AD  - f Central Blood Transfusion Service , Malabo Regional Hospital , Malabo ,
      Republic of Equatorial Guinea.
FAU - Monte-Nguba, Santiago-M
AU  - Monte-Nguba SM
AD  - g Medical Laboratory , Malabo Regional Hospital , Malabo , Republic of Equatorial
      Guinea.
FAU - Ehapo, Juan Carlos Sala
AU  - Ehapo JC
AD  - g Medical Laboratory , Malabo Regional Hospital , Malabo , Republic of Equatorial
      Guinea.
FAU - Yang, Hui
AU  - Yang H
AD  - a Central Laboratory , Chaozhou Central Hospital Affiliated to Southern Medical
      University , Chaozhou , Guangdong , People's Republic of China.
FAU - Yang, Hui-Tian
AU  - Yang HT
AD  - a Central Laboratory , Chaozhou Central Hospital Affiliated to Southern Medical
      University , Chaozhou , Guangdong , People's Republic of China.
FAU - Yang, Li-Ye
AU  - Yang LY
AD  - a Central Laboratory , Chaozhou Central Hospital Affiliated to Southern Medical
      University , Chaozhou , Guangdong , People's Republic of China.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
PL  - South Africa
TA  - Afr J AIDS Res
JT  - African journal of AIDS research : AJAR
JID - 101146510
SB  - IM
SB  - X
MH  - Adolescent
MH  - Adult
MH  - Aged
MH  - Aged, 80 and over
MH  - Child
MH  - Child, Preschool
MH  - Coinfection
MH  - Cross-Sectional Studies
MH  - Equatorial Guinea/epidemiology
MH  - Female
MH  - HIV Infections/*epidemiology
MH  - Humans
MH  - Infant
MH  - Islands
MH  - Malaria/*epidemiology/parasitology
MH  - Male
MH  - Middle Aged
MH  - Odds Ratio
MH  - Parasite Load
MH  - Population Surveillance
MH  - Prevalence
MH  - Risk Factors
MH  - Young Adult
OTO - NOTNLM
OT  - Bioko Island
OT  - HIV
OT  - cross-sectional study
OT  - malaria
OT  - malaria and HIV co-infection
OT  - prevalence
EDAT- 2017/04/04 06:00
MHDA- 2017/04/19 06:00
CRDT- 2017/04/04 06:00
AID - 10.2989/16085906.2016.1257495 [doi]
PST - ppublish
SO  - Afr J AIDS Res. 2017 Mar;16(1):65-70. doi: 10.2989/16085906.2016.1257495.

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