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Prevalence of Trichomonas vaginalis in women of reproductive age at a family health clinic.

Abstract Trichomonas vaginalis is considered the most prevalent curable sexually transmitted infection, and its occurrence exceeds that of gonococcal and chlamydia infections. This parasite has been identified as responsible for the increased risk of transmission of HIV and has also been associated with prostate and cervical cancer. Many carriers of T. vaginalis are asymptomatic and, when experiencing a health problem, they most often have nonspecific symptoms. The aim of this research was to estimate the presence of T. vaginalis and the associated factors in women of childbearing age at a primary health care clinic in the Federal District of Brazil.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms
Keywords
Journal Title journal of infection in developing countries
Publication Year Start




PMID- 28368862
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DA  - 20170403
DCOM- 20170417
LR  - 20170417
IS  - 1972-2680 (Electronic)
IS  - 1972-2680 (Linking)
VI  - 11
IP  - 3
DP  - 2017 Mar 31
TI  - Prevalence of Trichomonas vaginalis in women of reproductive age at a family
      health clinic.
PG  - 269-276
LID - 10.3855/jidc.8143 [doi]
AB  - INTRODUCTION: Trichomonas vaginalis is considered the most prevalent curable
      sexually transmitted infection, and its occurrence exceeds that of gonococcal and
      chlamydia infections. This parasite has been identified as responsible for the
      increased risk of transmission of HIV and has also been associated with prostate 
      and cervical cancer. Many carriers of T. vaginalis are asymptomatic and, when
      experiencing a health problem, they most often have nonspecific symptoms. The aim
      of this research was to estimate the presence of T. vaginalis and the associated 
      factors in women of childbearing age at a primary health care clinic in the
      Federal District of Brazil. METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional study was conducted
      with consecutive sampling of an outpatient population of women of childbearing
      age (excluding minors and pregnant women). The women answered a questionnaire and
      were examined. After vaginal pH measurement and whiff testing, a vaginal
      secretion sample was obtained for inoculation in TYM, a specific T. vaginalis
      culture medium. RESULTS: The presence of T. vaginalis was identified in 16% of
      the sample. Fewer lifetime sexual partners and consistent condom use were
      identified as factors of protection against the infection. Complaints of
      dyspareunia were proportionally higher among women with positive cultures for T. 
      vaginalis. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of T. vaginalis infection was high in the 
      sample studied. The infection was positively associated with the number of
      lifetime sexual partners, and consistent condom use was a protective factor.
      Vaginal complaints were more common among women with T. vaginalis, but only
      dyspareunia had significant association.
FAU - Glehn, Mateus De Paula von
AU  - Glehn MP
AD  - Federal District Health Department, Brasilia, Brazil. [email protected]
FAU - Sa, Lana Cristina Evangelista Ferreira
AU  - Sa LC
FAU - Silva, Hian Delfino Ferreira da
AU  - Silva HD
FAU - Machado, Eleuza Rodrigues
AU  - Machado ER
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
DEP - 20170331
PL  - Italy
TA  - J Infect Dev Ctries
JT  - Journal of infection in developing countries
JID - 101305410
SB  - IM
MH  - Adolescent
MH  - Adult
MH  - Brazil/epidemiology
MH  - Cross-Sectional Studies
MH  - Female
MH  - Humans
MH  - Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
MH  - Middle Aged
MH  - Prevalence
MH  - Risk Factors
MH  - Sexual Behavior
MH  - Surveys and Questionnaires
MH  - Trichomonas Infections/*epidemiology
MH  - Trichomonas vaginalis/*isolation & purification
MH  - Vagina/chemistry/parasitology
MH  - Young Adult
EDAT- 2017/04/04 06:00
MHDA- 2017/04/18 06:00
CRDT- 2017/04/04 06:00
PHST- 2016/01/20 [received]
PHST- 2016/07/26 [accepted]
PHST- 2016/04/09 [revised]
PST - epublish
SO  - J Infect Dev Ctries. 2017 Mar 31;11(3):269-276. doi: 10.3855/jidc.8143.

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