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Quantifying the risk of zoonotic geohelminth infections for rural household inhabitants in Central Poland.

Abstract The objective of this study was to evaluate the risk of soil transmitted zoonotic helminth infections for families with young children, inhabitants of villages in the Mazowieckie Province of Central Poland. Epidemiological survey was conducted at 33 randomly selected households with 2-3 children present. Examination of soil samples from yards surrounding the houses for the presence of geohelminth eggs was conducted, the households were inspected, and family members interviewed using a designed questionnaire. Among 55 localities examined, i.e. 33 backyards, 10 vegetable gardens and 12 sandpits, contamination was found in 2 backyards (6.1%) and 1 sandpit (8.3%) at 3 households (9.1%). Of the total 550 examined soil samples, 4 (0.7%) were found to contain Trichuris and Toxocara eggs, with an average density of 1.5 and 2.0 eggs per sample. The study showed a low level of soil contamination, which was the result of inhabitants care about the sanitation of their domiciles. However, the results of the questionnaire survey demonstrated the need to warn rural residents about the risk factors for zoonotic helmints infections. In particular, parents should be advised how to minimize the threat of parasitic diseases for children in the rural environment. The presented study showed that promotional campaigns implemented in recent years on the prevention of parasitic zoonoses have had little effect to increase the awareness of the rural community. The present results confirmed that Toxocara is the most common zoonotic agent among geohelminths in the rural environment.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms

Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice

Rural Population

Keywords
Journal Title annals of agricultural and environmental medicine : aaem
Publication Year Start




PMID- 28378972
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DA  - 20170405
DCOM- 20170419
LR  - 20170419
IS  - 1898-2263 (Electronic)
IS  - 1232-1966 (Linking)
VI  - 24
IP  - 1
DP  - 2017 Mar 31
TI  - Quantifying the risk of zoonotic geohelminth infections for rural household
      inhabitants in Central Poland.
PG  - 44-48
LID - 10.5604/12321966.1230679 [doi]
AB  - The objective of this study was to evaluate the risk of soil transmitted zoonotic
      helminth infections for families with young children, inhabitants of villages in 
      the Mazowieckie Province of Central Poland. Epidemiological survey was conducted 
      at 33 randomly selected households with 2-3 children present. Examination of soil
      samples from yards surrounding the houses for the presence of geohelminth eggs
      was conducted, the households were inspected, and family members interviewed
      using a designed questionnaire. Among 55 localities examined, i.e. 33 backyards, 
      10 vegetable gardens and 12 sandpits, contamination was found in 2 backyards
      (6.1%) and 1 sandpit (8.3%) at 3 households (9.1%). Of the total 550 examined
      soil samples, 4 (0.7%) were found to contain Trichuris and Toxocara eggs, with an
      average density of 1.5 and 2.0 eggs per sample. The study showed a low level of
      soil contamination, which was the result of inhabitants care about the sanitation
      of their domiciles. However, the results of the questionnaire survey demonstrated
      the need to warn rural residents about the risk factors for zoonotic helmints
      infections. In particular, parents should be advised how to minimize the threat
      of parasitic diseases for children in the rural environment. The presented study 
      showed that promotional campaigns implemented in recent years on the prevention
      of parasitic zoonoses have had little effect to increase the awareness of the
      rural community. The present results confirmed that Toxocara is the most common
      zoonotic agent among geohelminths in the rural environment.
FAU - Gawor, Jakub
AU  - Gawor J
AD  - Witold Stefanski Institute of Parasitology of the Polish Academy of Sciences,
      Warsaw, Poland.
FAU - Borecka, Anna
AU  - Borecka A
AD  - Witold Stefanski Institute of Parasitology of the Polish Academy of Sciences,
      Warsaw, Poland; Laboratory of Parasitology, Military Institute of Hygiene and
      Epidemiology, Warsaw, Poland.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
PL  - Poland
TA  - Ann Agric Environ Med
JT  - Annals of agricultural and environmental medicine : AAEM
JID - 9500166
RN  - 0 (Soil)
SB  - IM
MH  - Adult
MH  - Animals
MH  - Child
MH  - Child, Preschool
MH  - Environment
MH  - *Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
MH  - Humans
MH  - Ovum/classification
MH  - Poland
MH  - Risk Factors
MH  - *Rural Population/statistics & numerical data
MH  - Soil/*parasitology
MH  - Surveys and Questionnaires
MH  - Toxocara/classification/*isolation & purification
MH  - Trichuris/classification/*isolation & purification
MH  - Young Adult
MH  - Zoonoses/parasitology/*psychology
EDAT- 2017/04/06 06:00
MHDA- 2017/04/20 06:00
CRDT- 2017/04/06 06:00
AID - 1230679 [pii]
AID - 10.5604/12321966.1230679 [doi]
PST - ppublish
SO  - Ann Agric Environ Med. 2017 Mar 31;24(1):44-48. doi: 10.5604/12321966.1230679.

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