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Evaluation of palatal rugae pattern in different sagittal skeletal relationship adolescent subjects.

Abstract The purpose of this study was to evaluate the morphological structure of palatal rugae in Turkish orthodontic subjects with different sagittal skeletal malocclusions. Orthodontic dental casts of 105 patients (Class I [23 females, 12 males]; 35, Class II [18 females, 17 males]; and 35, Class III [14 females, 21 males] 10-22 years old) were analyzed for rugae patterns. Palatal rugae pattern and number, direction of rugae alignment, shape of incisive papilla were analyzed. Modified Thomas and Kotze classification was performed to analyze palatal rugae characteristics. The data were analyzed using the Kruskal-Wallis test. Wavy and curved types were the most common types of rugae pattern in all groups (Class I, Class II, Class III). As regards to the number of primary and secondary rugae on the left and right sides, there was no statistically significant difference among subjects with different skeletal malocclusions. Droplet-shaped incisive papilla was the most common form of incisive papillae among different skeletal malocclusion groups. The most common palatal rugae were direction type arranged in the horizontal direction. All rugae patterns were unique for each individual. The use of antemortem or postmortem palatal rugae records may facilitate identification of the suspects in forensic investigations by enabling facial reconstruction through skeletal malocclusions.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms
Keywords
Journal Title medicine
Publication Year Start




PMID- 28383408
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DA  - 20170406
DCOM- 20170428
LR  - 20170428
IS  - 1536-5964 (Electronic)
IS  - 0025-7974 (Linking)
VI  - 96
IP  - 14
DP  - 2017 Apr
TI  - Evaluation of palatal rugae pattern in different sagittal skeletal relationship
      adolescent subjects.
PG  - e6440
LID - 10.1097/MD.0000000000006440 [doi]
AB  - The purpose of this study was to evaluate the morphological structure of palatal 
      rugae in Turkish orthodontic subjects with different sagittal skeletal
      malocclusions. Orthodontic dental casts of 105 patients (Class I [23 females, 12 
      males]; 35, Class II [18 females, 17 males]; and 35, Class III [14 females, 21
      males] 10-22 years old) were analyzed for rugae patterns. Palatal rugae pattern
      and number, direction of rugae alignment, shape of incisive papilla were
      analyzed. Modified Thomas and Kotze classification was performed to analyze
      palatal rugae characteristics. The data were analyzed using the Kruskal-Wallis
      test. Wavy and curved types were the most common types of rugae pattern in all
      groups (Class I, Class II, Class III). As regards to the number of primary and
      secondary rugae on the left and right sides, there was no statistically
      significant difference among subjects with different skeletal malocclusions.
      Droplet-shaped incisive papilla was the most common form of incisive papillae
      among different skeletal malocclusion groups. The most common palatal rugae were 
      direction type arranged in the horizontal direction. All rugae patterns were
      unique for each individual. The use of antemortem or postmortem palatal rugae
      records may facilitate identification of the suspects in forensic investigations 
      by enabling facial reconstruction through skeletal malocclusions.
FAU - Oral, Ekrem
AU  - Oral E
AD  - aPrivate practice, Master of Orthodontics, Kayseri bDepartment of Orthodontics
      cDepartment of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Ordu University, Ordu, 
      Turkey.
FAU - Buyuk, S Kutalmis
AU  - Buyuk SK
FAU - Simsek, Huseyin
AU  - Simsek H
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
PT  - Observational Study
PL  - United States
TA  - Medicine (Baltimore)
JT  - Medicine
JID - 2985248R
SB  - AIM
SB  - IM
MH  - Adolescent
MH  - Child
MH  - Female
MH  - Humans
MH  - Male
MH  - Malocclusion/*pathology
MH  - Palate, Hard/*pathology
MH  - Young Adult
EDAT- 2017/04/07 06:00
MHDA- 2017/04/07 06:00
CRDT- 2017/04/07 06:00
AID - 10.1097/MD.0000000000006440 [doi]
AID - 00005792-201704070-00015 [pii]
PST - ppublish
SO  - Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Apr;96(14):e6440. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000006440.

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