PubTransformer

A site to transform Pubmed publications into these bibliographic reference formats: ADS, BibTeX, EndNote, ISI used by the Web of Knowledge, RIS, MEDLINE, Microsoft's Word 2007 XML.

Risk of firearm injuries among children and youth of immigrant families.

Abstract Firearm injuries contribute to substantial morbidity and mortality. The immigrant paradox suggests that, despite being more socially disadvantaged, immigrants are less likely than nonimmigrants to have poor outcomes. We tested the association of immigrant characteristics with firearm injuries among children and youth.
PMID
Related Publications

Pediatric firearm injury in Minnesota, 1998. Fatal and nonfatal firearm injuries among Minnesota youth.

Inflammatory bowel disease in immigrants to Canada and their children: a population-based cohort study.

Firearm possession among adolescents presenting to an urban emergency department for assault.

Gun storage practices and risk of youth suicide and unintentional firearm injuries.

Unintentional injuries in children and youth from immigrant families in Ontario, Canada: a population-based cross-sectional study.

Authors

Mayor MeshTerms
Keywords
Journal Title cmaj : canadian medical association journal = journal de l'association medicale canadienne
Publication Year Start




PMID- 28385861
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DA  - 20170407
DCOM- 20170419
LR  - 20170419
IS  - 1488-2329 (Electronic)
IS  - 0820-3946 (Linking)
VI  - 189
IP  - 12
DP  - 2017 Mar 27
TI  - Risk of firearm injuries among children and youth of immigrant families.
PG  - E452-E458
LID - 10.1503/cmaj.160850 [doi]
AB  - BACKGROUND: Firearm injuries contribute to substantial morbidity and mortality.
      The immigrant paradox suggests that, despite being more socially disadvantaged,
      immigrants are less likely than nonimmigrants to have poor outcomes. We tested
      the association of immigrant characteristics with firearm injuries among children
      and youth. METHODS: We conducted a population-based cohort study involving
      residents of Ontario aged 24 years and younger from 2008-2012 using health and
      administrative databases. We estimated rate ratios of unintentional and
      assault-related firearm injuries by immigrant status using Poisson regression
      models with Generalized Estimating Equations. RESULTS: We included 15 866 954
      nonimmigrant and 4 551 291 immigrant person-years in our analysis. Nonimmigrant
      males had 1032 unintentional (12.4 per 100 000, 95% confidence interval [CI]
      11.7-13.2) and 304 assault-related (3.6 per 100 000, 95% CI 3.2-4.0) firearm
      injuries. Immigrant males had 148 unintentional (7.2 per 100 000, 95% CI 6.1-8.5)
      and 113 assault-related (5.5 per 100 000, 95% CI 4.5-6.6) firearm injuries.
      Compared with nonimmigrants, immigrants had a lower rate of unintentional firearm
      injury (adjusted rate ratio 0.5, 95% CI 0.4-0.6) but a similar rate of
      assault-related firearm injury. Among immigrants, refugees had a 43% higher risk 
      of assault-related firearm injury compared with nonrefugees (adjusted rate ratio 
      1.4, 95% CI 1.0-2.0). Immigrants from Central America and Africa accounted for
      68% of immigrants with assault-related firearm injuries. INTERPRETATION: Compared
      with nonimmigrants, immigrant children and youth had a lower risk of
      unintentional firearm injury, although the risk of assault-related firearm injury
      was higher among refugees and immigrants from Central America and Africa. The
      results suggest that prevention strategies for firearm safety should target
      nonimmigrant youth as well as these newly identified high-risk immigrant
      populations.
CI  - (c) 2017 Canadian Medical Association or its licensors.
FAU - Saunders, Natasha R
AU  - Saunders NR
AD  - Department of Pediatrics (Saunders, Guttmann), The Hospital for Sick Children and
      University of Toronto; Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences (Saunders, Lee,
      Macpherson, Guan, Guttmann); Faculty of Health (Macpherson), School of
      Kinesiology and Health Science, York University; Child Health Evaluative Sciences
      (Saunders, Guttmann), SickKids Research Institute, Toronto, Ont.
FAU - Lee, Hannah
AU  - Lee H
AD  - Department of Pediatrics (Saunders, Guttmann), The Hospital for Sick Children and
      University of Toronto; Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences (Saunders, Lee,
      Macpherson, Guan, Guttmann); Faculty of Health (Macpherson), School of
      Kinesiology and Health Science, York University; Child Health Evaluative Sciences
      (Saunders, Guttmann), SickKids Research Institute, Toronto, Ont.
FAU - Macpherson, Alison
AU  - Macpherson A
AD  - Department of Pediatrics (Saunders, Guttmann), The Hospital for Sick Children and
      University of Toronto; Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences (Saunders, Lee,
      Macpherson, Guan, Guttmann); Faculty of Health (Macpherson), School of
      Kinesiology and Health Science, York University; Child Health Evaluative Sciences
      (Saunders, Guttmann), SickKids Research Institute, Toronto, Ont.
FAU - Guan, Jun
AU  - Guan J
AD  - Department of Pediatrics (Saunders, Guttmann), The Hospital for Sick Children and
      University of Toronto; Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences (Saunders, Lee,
      Macpherson, Guan, Guttmann); Faculty of Health (Macpherson), School of
      Kinesiology and Health Science, York University; Child Health Evaluative Sciences
      (Saunders, Guttmann), SickKids Research Institute, Toronto, Ont.
FAU - Guttmann, Astrid
AU  - Guttmann A
AD  - Department of Pediatrics (Saunders, Guttmann), The Hospital for Sick Children and
      University of Toronto; Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences (Saunders, Lee,
      Macpherson, Guan, Guttmann); Faculty of Health (Macpherson), School of
      Kinesiology and Health Science, York University; Child Health Evaluative Sciences
      (Saunders, Guttmann), SickKids Research Institute, Toronto, Ont.
      [email protected]
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
PL  - Canada
TA  - CMAJ
JT  - CMAJ : Canadian Medical Association journal = journal de l'Association medicale
      canadienne
JID - 9711805
SB  - AIM
SB  - IM
MH  - Adolescent
MH  - Child
MH  - Cohort Studies
MH  - Databases, Factual
MH  - Emigrants and Immigrants/classification/*statistics & numerical data
MH  - Female
MH  - Firearms/*statistics & numerical data
MH  - Humans
MH  - Male
MH  - Multivariate Analysis
MH  - Ontario
MH  - Regression Analysis
MH  - Risk Assessment
MH  - Safety/*statistics & numerical data
MH  - Wounds and Injuries/*epidemiology
MH  - Young Adult
PMC - PMC5367990
EDAT- 2017/04/08 06:00
MHDA- 2017/04/20 06:00
CRDT- 2017/04/08 06:00
PHST- 2016/12/05 [accepted]
AID - 189/12/E452 [pii]
AID - 10.1503/cmaj.160850 [doi]
PST - ppublish
SO  - CMAJ. 2017 Mar 27;189(12):E452-E458. doi: 10.1503/cmaj.160850.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<b:Sources SelectedStyle="" xmlns:b="http://schemas.openxmlformats.org/officeDocument/2006/bibliography"  xmlns="http://schemas.openxmlformats.org/officeDocument/2006/bibliography" >
</b:Sources>