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Story retelling skills in Persian speaking hearing-impaired children.

Abstract Since the pragmatic skills of hearing-impaired Persian-speaking children have not yet been investigated particularly through story retelling, this study aimed to evaluate some pragmatic abilities of normal-hearing and hearing-impaired children using a story retelling test.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms

Language Development

Keywords

Child

Hearing loss

Language development

Story retelling

Journal Title international journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology
Publication Year Start




PMID- 28390620
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DA  - 20170409
DCOM- 20170517
LR  - 20170517
IS  - 1872-8464 (Electronic)
IS  - 0165-5876 (Linking)
VI  - 96
DP  - 2017 May
TI  - Story retelling skills in Persian speaking hearing-impaired children.
PG  - 84-88
LID - S0165-5876(17)30085-X [pii]
LID - 10.1016/j.ijporl.2017.02.025 [doi]
AB  - OBJECTIVES: Since the pragmatic skills of hearing-impaired Persian-speaking
      children have not yet been investigated particularly through story retelling,
      this study aimed to evaluate some pragmatic abilities of normal-hearing and
      hearing-impaired children using a story retelling test. METHODS: 15
      normal-hearing and 15 profound hearing-impaired 7-year-old children were
      evaluated using the story retelling test with the content validity of 89%,
      construct validity of 85%, and reliability of 83%. Three macro structure criteria
      including topic maintenance, event sequencing, explicitness, and four macro
      structure criteria including referencing, conjunctive cohesion, syntax
      complexity, and utterance length were assessed. The test was performed with live 
      voice in a quiet room where children were then asked to retell the story. The
      tasks of the children were recorded on a tape, transcribed, scored and analyzed. 
      RESULTS: In the macro structure criteria, utterances of hearing-impaired students
      were less consistent, enough information was not given to listeners to have a
      full understanding of the subject, and the story events were less frequently
      expressed in a rational order than those of normal-hearing group (P < 0.0001).
      Regarding the macro structure criteria of the test, unlike the normal-hearing
      students who obtained high scores, hearing-impaired students failed to gain any
      scores on the items of this section. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that
      Hearing-impaired children were not able to use language as effectively as their
      hearing peers, and they utilized quite different pragmatic functions.
CI  - Copyright (c) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
FAU - Jarollahi, Farnoush
AU  - Jarollahi F
AD  - School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences (IUMS),
      Tehran, Iran.
FAU - Mohamadi, Reyhane
AU  - Mohamadi R
AD  - School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences (IUMS),
      Tehran, Iran. Electronic address: [email protected]
FAU - Modarresi, Yahya
AU  - Modarresi Y
AD  - Institute for Humanities and Cultural Studies Professor, Tehran, Iran.
FAU - Agharasouli, Zahra
AU  - Agharasouli Z
AD  - School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences (IUMS),
      Tehran, Iran.
FAU - Rahimzadeh, Shadi
AU  - Rahimzadeh S
AD  - Department of Epidemiology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences,
      Non-Communicable Disease Research Center, Tehran, Iran.
FAU - Ahmadi, Tayebeh
AU  - Ahmadi T
AD  - Department of Audiology, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation
      Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
FAU - Keyhani, Mohammad-Reza
AU  - Keyhani MR
AD  - School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences (IUMS),
      Tehran, Iran.
LA  - eng
PT  - Comparative Study
PT  - Journal Article
DEP - 20170301
PL  - Ireland
TA  - Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol
JT  - International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology
JID - 8003603
SB  - IM
MH  - Child
MH  - Communication
MH  - Cross-Sectional Studies
MH  - Female
MH  - Hearing
MH  - Hearing Loss, Sensorineural/*physiopathology
MH  - Humans
MH  - Language
MH  - *Language Development
MH  - Language Tests
MH  - Linguistics/methods
MH  - Male
MH  - Persia
MH  - Persons With Hearing Impairments
MH  - Reproducibility of Results
OTO - NOTNLM
OT  - *Child
OT  - *Hearing loss
OT  - *Language development
OT  - *Story retelling
EDAT- 2017/04/10 06:00
MHDA- 2017/05/18 06:00
CRDT- 2017/04/10 06:00
PHST- 2016/10/05 [received]
PHST- 2017/02/05 [revised]
PHST- 2017/02/24 [accepted]
AID - S0165-5876(17)30085-X [pii]
AID - 10.1016/j.ijporl.2017.02.025 [doi]
PST - ppublish
SO  - Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2017 May;96:84-88. doi:
      10.1016/j.ijporl.2017.02.025. Epub 2017 Mar 1.

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