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A Comparative Study of Oral Microbiota in Infants with Complete Cleft Lip and Palate or Cleft Soft Palate.

Abstract Few reports have been published on the early microbiota in infants with various types of cleft palate. We assessed the formation of the oral microbiota in infants with complete cleft lip and palate (CLP n = 30) or cleft soft palate (CSP n = 25) in the neonatal period (T1 time) and again in the gum pad stage (T2 time). Culture swabs from the tongue, palate, and/or cleft margin at T1 and T2 were taken. We analysed the prevalence of the given bacterial species (the percentage) and the proportions in which the palate and tongue were colonised by each microorganism. At T1, Streptococcus mitis (S. mitis) were the most frequently detected in subjects with CLP or CSP (63% and 60%, resp.). A significantly higher frequency of methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus MSSA) was observed in CLP compared to the CSP group. At T2, significantly higher percentages of S. mitis, S. aureus MSSA, Staphylococcus epidermidis, and members of the Enterobacteriaceae family were noted in CLP infants compared to the CSP. S. mitis and Streptococcus sanguinis appeared with the greatest frequency on the tongue, whereas Streptococcus salivarius was predominant on the palate. The development of the microbiota in CLP subjects was characterised by a significant increase in the prevalence of pathogenic bacteria.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms

Microbiota

Keywords
Journal Title biomed research international
Publication Year Start




PMID- 28393073
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DA  - 20170410
DCOM- 20170428
LR  - 20170428
IS  - 2314-6141 (Electronic)
VI  - 2017
DP  - 2017
TI  - A Comparative Study of Oral Microbiota in Infants with Complete Cleft Lip and
      Palate or Cleft Soft Palate.
PG  - 1460243
LID - 10.1155/2017/1460243 [doi]
AB  - Few reports have been published on the early microbiota in infants with various
      types of cleft palate. We assessed the formation of the oral microbiota in
      infants with complete cleft lip and palate (CLP n = 30) or cleft soft palate (CSP
      n = 25) in the neonatal period (T1 time) and again in the gum pad stage (T2
      time). Culture swabs from the tongue, palate, and/or cleft margin at T1 and T2
      were taken. We analysed the prevalence of the given bacterial species (the
      percentage) and the proportions in which the palate and tongue were colonised by 
      each microorganism. At T1, Streptococcus mitis (S. mitis) were the most
      frequently detected in subjects with CLP or CSP (63% and 60%, resp.). A
      significantly higher frequency of methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (S.
      aureus MSSA) was observed in CLP compared to the CSP group. At T2, significantly 
      higher percentages of S. mitis, S. aureus MSSA, Staphylococcus epidermidis, and
      members of the Enterobacteriaceae family were noted in CLP infants compared to
      the CSP. S. mitis and Streptococcus sanguinis appeared with the greatest
      frequency on the tongue, whereas Streptococcus salivarius was predominant on the 
      palate. The development of the microbiota in CLP subjects was characterised by a 
      significant increase in the prevalence of pathogenic bacteria.
FAU - Machorowska-Pieniazek, Agnieszka
AU  - Machorowska-Pieniazek A
AUID- ORCID: 0000-0003-3894-1298
AD  - Department of Orthodontics, School of Medicine with the Division of Dentistry in 
      Zabrze, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice, Traugutta Square 2, 41-800
      Zabrze, Poland.
FAU - Mertas, Anna
AU  - Mertas A
AUID- ORCID: 0000-0003-0796-8818
AD  - Department of Microbiology and Immunology, School of Medicine with the Division
      of Dentistry in Zabrze, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice, Jordana 19,
      41-808 Zabrze, Poland.
FAU - Skucha-Nowak, Malgorzata
AU  - Skucha-Nowak M
AUID- ORCID: 0000-0003-0584-968X
AD  - Department of Conservative Dentistry with Endodontics, School of Medicine with
      the Division of Dentistry in Zabrze, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice,
      Akademicki Square 17, 41-902 Bytom, Poland.
FAU - Tanasiewicz, Marta
AU  - Tanasiewicz M
AD  - Department of Conservative Dentistry with Endodontics, School of Medicine with
      the Division of Dentistry in Zabrze, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice,
      Akademicki Square 17, 41-902 Bytom, Poland.
FAU - Morawiec, Tadeusz
AU  - Morawiec T
AUID- ORCID: 0000-0002-2283-5784
AD  - Department of Dental Surgery, School of Medicine with the Division of Dentistry
      in Zabrze, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice, Akademicki Square 17,
      41-902 Bytom, Poland.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
DEP - 20170314
PL  - United States
TA  - Biomed Res Int
JT  - BioMed research international
JID - 101600173
RN  - Cleft Soft Palate
SB  - IM
MH  - Cleft Lip/*microbiology/pathology
MH  - Cleft Palate/*microbiology/pathology
MH  - Female
MH  - Humans
MH  - Infant
MH  - Infant, Newborn
MH  - Male
MH  - Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus/isolation &
      purification/pathogenicity
MH  - *Microbiota
MH  - Palate, Soft/*abnormalities/microbiology/pathology
MH  - Tongue/cytology/microbiology
PMC - PMC5368409
EDAT- 2017/04/11 06:00
MHDA- 2017/04/11 06:00
CRDT- 2017/04/11 06:00
PHST- 2016/12/05 [received]
PHST- 2017/02/12 [revised]
PHST- 2017/03/07 [accepted]
AID - 10.1155/2017/1460243 [doi]
PST - ppublish
SO  - Biomed Res Int. 2017;2017:1460243. doi: 10.1155/2017/1460243. Epub 2017 Mar 14.

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