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Survey of Occupational Allergic Contact Dermatitis and Patch Test among Clothing Employees in Beijing.

Abstract Occupational population-based epidemiological data relating to occupational contact allergies in the Chinese clothing industry are limited. To investigate the prevalence of occupational allergic contact dermatitis (OACD) and to identify the causative allergens among clothing employees in China, a cross-sectional study was conducted in 529 clothing employees at 12 clothing factories in Beijing. All employees were subjected to an interview using self-administered questionnaire and skin examination, and those who were diagnosed with occupational contact dermatitis (OCD) were patch tested. In the present survey, we found that the overall 1-year prevalence of OACD among the clothing employees was 8.5%. The 1-year prevalence of OACD among workers (10.8%) was significantly higher than that among managers (3.2%). The lesions were primarily on the hands and wrists in workers, but the face and neck in managers. The major allergens were nickel sulfate and cobalt dichloride in workers and colophony and p-tert-butylphenol formaldehyde resin in managers. In conclusion, workers are at a higher risk of OACD compared with managers in the Chinese clothing industry. In addition to hand dermatitis in workers, airborne contact dermatitis on the face and neck should be also addressed in managers.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms

Textile Industry

Keywords
Journal Title biomed research international
Publication Year Start




PMID- 28396866
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DA  - 20170411
DCOM- 20170428
LR  - 20170428
IS  - 2314-6141 (Electronic)
VI  - 2017
DP  - 2017
TI  - Survey of Occupational Allergic Contact Dermatitis and Patch Test among Clothing 
      Employees in Beijing.
PG  - 3102358
LID - 10.1155/2017/3102358 [doi]
AB  - Occupational population-based epidemiological data relating to occupational
      contact allergies in the Chinese clothing industry are limited. To investigate
      the prevalence of occupational allergic contact dermatitis (OACD) and to identify
      the causative allergens among clothing employees in China, a cross-sectional
      study was conducted in 529 clothing employees at 12 clothing factories in
      Beijing. All employees were subjected to an interview using self-administered
      questionnaire and skin examination, and those who were diagnosed with
      occupational contact dermatitis (OCD) were patch tested. In the present survey,
      we found that the overall 1-year prevalence of OACD among the clothing employees 
      was 8.5%. The 1-year prevalence of OACD among workers (10.8%) was significantly
      higher than that among managers (3.2%). The lesions were primarily on the hands
      and wrists in workers, but the face and neck in managers. The major allergens
      were nickel sulfate and cobalt dichloride in workers and colophony and
      p-tert-butylphenol formaldehyde resin in managers. In conclusion, workers are at 
      a higher risk of OACD compared with managers in the Chinese clothing industry. In
      addition to hand dermatitis in workers, airborne contact dermatitis on the face
      and neck should be also addressed in managers.
FAU - Chen, Yu-Xin
AU  - Chen YX
AD  - Department of Dermatology, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical
      University, Beijing 100050, China; Department of Dermatology, Beijing Aerospace
      General Hospital, Beijing 100076, China.
FAU - Gao, Bing-Ai
AU  - Gao BA
AD  - Department of Dermatology, Beijing Aerospace General Hospital, Beijing 100076,
      China.
FAU - Cheng, Hai-Yan
AU  - Cheng HY
AD  - Department of Dermatology, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical
      University, Beijing 100050, China.
FAU - Li, Lin-Feng
AU  - Li LF
AUID- ORCID: 0000-0002-8736-6464
AD  - Department of Dermatology, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical
      University, Beijing 100050, China.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
DEP - 20170315
PL  - United States
TA  - Biomed Res Int
JT  - BioMed research international
JID - 101600173
RN  - 0 (Allergens)
SB  - IM
MH  - Adult
MH  - Allergens/adverse effects
MH  - Clothing/*adverse effects
MH  - Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/diagnosis/*epidemiology/physiopathology
MH  - Dermatitis, Occupational/diagnosis/*epidemiology/physiopathology
MH  - Female
MH  - Humans
MH  - Male
MH  - Patch Tests
MH  - Skin/physiopathology
MH  - Surveys and Questionnaires
MH  - *Textile Industry
PMC - PMC5370485
EDAT- 2017/04/12 06:00
MHDA- 2017/04/30 06:00
CRDT- 2017/04/12 06:00
PHST- 2016/11/14 [received]
PHST- 2017/02/26 [accepted]
AID - 10.1155/2017/3102358 [doi]
PST - ppublish
SO  - Biomed Res Int. 2017;2017:3102358. doi: 10.1155/2017/3102358. Epub 2017 Mar 15.

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