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Herpes Simplex Virus Laryngitis Presenting as Airway Obstruction: A Case Report and Literature Review.

Abstract Herpes simplex virus (HSV) laryngitis is rare in adults. We add a case report to the literature and perform a literature review to further delineate the clinical presentation, course, and treatment of HSV laryngitis in adults.
PMID
Related Publications
Authors

Mayor MeshTerms

Airway Obstruction

Herpesvirus 1, Human

Herpesvirus 2, Human

Laryngitis

Virus Diseases

Keywords

airway

laryngeal diseases

laryngology

respiratory tract infection

upper airway obstruction

viral infection

Journal Title the annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology
Publication Year Start




PMID- 28397560
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DA  - 20170411
DCOM- 20170418
LR  - 20170418
IS  - 1943-572X (Electronic)
IS  - 0003-4894 (Linking)
VI  - 126
IP  - 5
DP  - 2017 May
TI  - Herpes Simplex Virus Laryngitis Presenting as Airway Obstruction: A Case Report
      and Literature Review.
PG  - 424-428
LID - 10.1177/0003489417699421 [doi]
AB  - OBJECTIVES: Herpes simplex virus (HSV) laryngitis is rare in adults. We add a
      case report to the literature and perform a literature review to further
      delineate the clinical presentation, course, and treatment of HSV laryngitis in
      adults. METHODS: Case report and literature review using PubMed and Ovid
      databases. RESULTS: Ten cases of diagnosed HSV laryngitis in adults were reported
      in the literature. It is more common in immunocompromised patients. The mean
      patient age was 51 years with a male to female ratio of 1:1. The clinical
      presentation and course of HSV laryngitis is variable. Patients may have mild
      chronic symptoms, such as dysphonia, or a fulminant course with rapid airway
      compromise. On laryngoscopic exam, the most common findings are a white exudate
      or ulceration. The most common treatment is with antiviral medication, such as
      acyclovir, which tends to be highly effective. CONCLUSIONS: Herpes simplex virus 
      laryngitis is rare. Clinical presentation of HSV laryngitis is variable, and its 
      course may be indolent or fulminant. Treatment with antiviral medication tends to
      be highly effective.
FAU - Harless, Lucas
AU  - Harless L
AD  - 1 Kaiser Permanente Oakland Medical Center Department of Head and Neck Surgery,
      Oakland, California, USA.
FAU - Jiang, Nancy
AU  - Jiang N
AD  - 1 Kaiser Permanente Oakland Medical Center Department of Head and Neck Surgery,
      Oakland, California, USA.
FAU - Schneider, Frank
AU  - Schneider F
AD  - 2 Kaiser Permanente Oakland Medical Center Department of Pathology, Oakland,
      California, USA.
FAU - Durr, Megan
AU  - Durr M
AD  - 1 Kaiser Permanente Oakland Medical Center Department of Head and Neck Surgery,
      Oakland, California, USA.
LA  - eng
PT  - Case Reports
PT  - Journal Article
DEP - 20170318
PL  - United States
TA  - Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol
JT  - The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology
JID - 0407300
RN  - 0 (Antiviral Agents)
RN  - X4HES1O11F (Acyclovir)
SB  - AIM
SB  - IM
MH  - Acyclovir/*administration & dosage
MH  - Administration, Intravenous
MH  - Aged
MH  - *Airway Obstruction/etiology/therapy
MH  - Antiviral Agents/administration & dosage
MH  - Female
MH  - *Herpesvirus 1, Human/drug effects/isolation & purification/pathogenicity
MH  - *Herpesvirus 2, Human/drug effects/isolation & purification/pathogenicity
MH  - Humans
MH  - *Laryngitis/complications/diagnosis/therapy/virology
MH  - Laryngoscopy/*methods
MH  - Respiration, Artificial/*methods
MH  - Treatment Outcome
MH  - *Virus Diseases/complications/diagnosis/drug therapy/physiopathology
OTO - NOTNLM
OT  - *airway
OT  - *laryngeal diseases
OT  - *laryngology
OT  - *respiratory tract infection
OT  - *upper airway obstruction
OT  - *viral infection
EDAT- 2017/04/12 06:00
MHDA- 2017/04/19 06:00
CRDT- 2017/04/12 06:00
AID - 10.1177/0003489417699421 [doi]
PST - ppublish
SO  - Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2017 May;126(5):424-428. doi: 10.1177/0003489417699421.
      Epub 2017 Mar 18.

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