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Hypodontia: An Update on Its Etiology, Classification, and Clinical Management.

Abstract Hypodontia, or tooth agenesis, is the most prevalent craniofacial malformation in humans. It may occur as part of a recognised genetic syndrome or as a nonsyndromic isolated trait. Excluding third molars, the reported prevalence of hypodontia ranges from 1.6 to 6.9%, depending on the population studied. Most affected individuals lack only one or two teeth, with permanent second premolars and upper lateral incisors the most likely to be missing. Both environmental and genetic factors are involved in the aetiology of hypodontia, with the latter playing a more significant role. Hypodontia individuals often present a significant clinical challenge for orthodontists because, in a number of cases, the treatment time is prolonged and the treatment outcome may be compromised. Hence, the identification of genetic and environmental factors may be particularly useful in the early prediction of this condition and the development of prevention strategies and novel treatments in the future.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms
Keywords
Journal Title biomed research international
Publication Year Start




PMID- 28401166
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DA  - 20170412
DCOM- 20170428
LR  - 20170428
IS  - 2314-6141 (Electronic)
VI  - 2017
DP  - 2017
TI  - Hypodontia: An Update on Its Etiology, Classification, and Clinical Management.
PG  - 9378325
LID - 10.1155/2017/9378325 [doi]
AB  - Hypodontia, or tooth agenesis, is the most prevalent craniofacial malformation in
      humans. It may occur as part of a recognised genetic syndrome or as a
      nonsyndromic isolated trait. Excluding third molars, the reported prevalence of
      hypodontia ranges from 1.6 to 6.9%, depending on the population studied. Most
      affected individuals lack only one or two teeth, with permanent second premolars 
      and upper lateral incisors the most likely to be missing. Both environmental and 
      genetic factors are involved in the aetiology of hypodontia, with the latter
      playing a more significant role. Hypodontia individuals often present a
      significant clinical challenge for orthodontists because, in a number of cases,
      the treatment time is prolonged and the treatment outcome may be compromised.
      Hence, the identification of genetic and environmental factors may be
      particularly useful in the early prediction of this condition and the development
      of prevention strategies and novel treatments in the future.
FAU - Al-Ani, Azza Husam
AU  - Al-Ani AH
AD  - Department of Oral Sciences, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Otago, Dunedin, 
      New Zealand.
FAU - Antoun, Joseph Safwat
AU  - Antoun JS
AD  - Department of Oral Sciences, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Otago, Dunedin, 
      New Zealand.
FAU - Thomson, William Murray
AU  - Thomson WM
AD  - Department of Oral Sciences, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Otago, Dunedin, 
      New Zealand.
FAU - Merriman, Tony Raymond
AU  - Merriman TR
AUID- ORCID: 0000-0003-0844-8726
AD  - Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Otago, Dunedin,
      New Zealand.
FAU - Farella, Mauro
AU  - Farella M
AUID- ORCID: 0000-0003-4516-647X
AD  - Department of Oral Sciences, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Otago, Dunedin, 
      New Zealand.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
PT  - Review
DEP - 20170319
PL  - United States
TA  - Biomed Res Int
JT  - BioMed research international
JID - 101600173
SB  - IM
MH  - Anodontia/*epidemiology/etiology/genetics/*pathology
MH  - Bicuspid/growth & development/*pathology
MH  - Humans
MH  - Incisor/growth & development/*pathology
MH  - Mandible/growth & development/pathology
MH  - Maxilla/growth & development/pathology
PMC - PMC5376450
EDAT- 2017/04/13 06:00
MHDA- 2017/04/13 06:00
CRDT- 2017/04/13 06:00
PHST- 2016/11/13 [received]
PHST- 2017/02/14 [revised]
PHST- 2017/02/19 [accepted]
AID - 10.1155/2017/9378325 [doi]
PST - ppublish
SO  - Biomed Res Int. 2017;2017:9378325. doi: 10.1155/2017/9378325. Epub 2017 Mar 19.

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