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Assessment of factors related to smokers' adherence to a short-term support group for smoking cessation: a longitudinal study in a developing country.

Abstract The aim of this study was to determine which individual characteristics of smokers are associated with their adherence to a support group for smoking cessation.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms

Patient Compliance

Self-Help Groups

Keywords
Journal Title trends in psychiatry and psychotherapy
Publication Year Start




PMID- 28403319
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DA  - 20170413
DCOM- 20170419
LR  - 20170419
IS  - 2238-0019 (Electronic)
IS  - 2237-6089 (Linking)
VI  - 39
IP  - 1
DP  - 2017 Jan-Mar
TI  - Assessment of factors related to smokers' adherence to a short-term support group
      for smoking cessation: a longitudinal study in a developing country.
PG  - 19-28
LID - S2237-60892017000100019 [pii]
LID - 10.1590/2237-6089-2016-0041 [doi]
AB  - Objective:: The aim of this study was to determine which individual
      characteristics of smokers are associated with their adherence to a support group
      for smoking cessation. Methods:: Smokers from Porto Alegre, Brazil, were invited 
      to participate in a support group for smoking cessation consisting of four weekly
      sessions. Demographic data, smoking history, presence of tobacco-related
      diseases, severity of nicotine dependence, stage of motivation, and symptoms of
      anxiety and depression were evaluated at baseline. Adherence was defined as
      attendance at group sessions and was measured at the second and fourth sessions
      of the program. Results:: The study recruited 167 smokers who attended the first 
      meeting and met criteria for admission to the study. One hundred and two of the
      participants returned to the second session and only 55 of those who attended the
      first meeting completed the four-week program. For immediate adherence (second
      session), adult smokers over the age of 35 were more likely to adhere to the
      treatment (p = 0.004), whereas smoking higher numbers of cigarettes per day was
      associated with lower adherence to attendance at group meetings (p = 0.031). For 
      final adherence (fourth session), only minimal level symptoms of anxiety were
      associated with a higher likelihood of adherence (p = 0.02). Conclusions:: Older 
      smokers, those who smoked fewer cigarettes per day, and those with lower levels
      of anxiety exhibited higher rates of adherence to a smoking cessation support
      group.
FAU - Figueiro, Luciana Rizzieri
AU  - Figueiro LR
AD  - Universidade Federal de Ciencias da Saude de Porto Alegre (UFCSPA), Porto Alegre,
      RS, Brazil.
FAU - Barros, Helena Maria Tannhauser
AU  - Barros HM
AD  - Universidade Federal de Ciencias da Saude de Porto Alegre (UFCSPA), Porto Alegre,
      RS, Brazil.
FAU - Ferigolo, Maristela
AU  - Ferigolo M
AD  - Universidade Federal de Ciencias da Saude de Porto Alegre (UFCSPA), Porto Alegre,
      RS, Brazil.
FAU - Dantas, Denise Conceicao Mesquita
AU  - Dantas DC
AD  - Universidade Federal de Ciencias da Saude de Porto Alegre (UFCSPA), Porto Alegre,
      RS, Brazil.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
PL  - Portugal
TA  - Trends Psychiatry Psychother
JT  - Trends in psychiatry and psychotherapy
JID - 101610695
SB  - IM
MH  - Adult
MH  - Age Factors
MH  - Anxiety/complications/epidemiology
MH  - Brazil
MH  - Depression/complications/epidemiology
MH  - Developing Countries
MH  - Female
MH  - Humans
MH  - Longitudinal Studies
MH  - Male
MH  - Middle Aged
MH  - Motivation
MH  - Multivariate Analysis
MH  - *Patient Compliance/psychology/statistics & numerical data
MH  - *Self-Help Groups/statistics & numerical data
MH  - Severity of Illness Index
MH  - Smoking/epidemiology/psychology/*therapy
MH  - Smoking Cessation/*methods/psychology/statistics & numerical data
MH  - Socioeconomic Factors
MH  - Time Factors
MH  - Tobacco Use Disorder/epidemiology/psychology/*therapy
EDAT- 2017/04/14 06:00
MHDA- 2017/04/20 06:00
CRDT- 2017/04/14 06:00
PHST- 2016/06/08 [received]
PHST- 2016/10/12 [accepted]
AID - S2237-60892017000100019 [pii]
AID - 10.1590/2237-6089-2016-0041 [doi]
PST - ppublish
SO  - Trends Psychiatry Psychother. 2017 Jan-Mar;39(1):19-28. doi:
      10.1590/2237-6089-2016-0041.

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