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PMID- 28403321
DA  - 20170413
DCOM- 20170419
LR  - 20170419
IS  - 2238-0019 (Electronic)
IS  - 2237-6089 (Linking)
VI  - 39
IP  - 1
DP  - 2017 Jan-Mar
TI  - Depression, anxiety, hopelessness and quality of life in users of cocaine/crack
      in outpatient treatment.
PG  - 34-42
LID - S2237-60892017000100034 [pii]
LID - 10.1590/2237-6089-2015-0065 [doi]
AB  - Objective:: To identify symptoms of anxiety, depression, and feelings of
      hopelessness in patients in outpatient treatment for substance dependency and to 
      test for correlations with various aspects of their quality of life. Methods:: A 
      cross-sectional study of a sample of 25 men in recuperation from substance
      dependency, selected by convenience. We assessed symptoms of depression (Beck
      Depression Inventory-II), anxiety (Beck Anxiety Inventory), hopelessness (Beck
      Hopelessness Scale), and quality of life (World Health Organization Quality of
      Life instrument-Abbreviated version [WHOQOL-Bref]), and also analyzed
      sociodemographic profile, substance abuse, and family history. Categorical
      variables were expressed as frequencies and percentages and quantitative
      variables as means and standard deviations or as medians and interquartile
      ranges. We also analyzed Spearman correlations to a 5% significance level.
      Results:: The study revealed prevalence rates of 32% for depression, 24% for
      anxiety, and 12% for hopelessness, at a moderate/severe level. Correlations
      between Beck scales and WHOQOL-Bref were significant; but impacts differed in the
      four areas evaluated. Conclusions:: Overall, we observe global negative impacts
      on subjects' lives, affecting their psychiatric symptoms and quality of life and 
      their relationships and occupational factors to a similar degree. The results
      show that the lower the scores on these scales, the better the quality of life in
      some areas, indicating that there is a negative correlation between psychiatric
      symptoms and quality of life.
FAU - Paiva, Camila Bosse
AU  - Paiva CB
AD  - Programa de Pos-Graduacao em Psicologia Clinica, Pontificia Universidade Catolica
      do Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS), Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.
FAU - Ferreira, Isadora Borne
AU  - Ferreira IB
AD  - Centro de Estudos em Alimentacao e Nutricao, Hospital de Clinicas de Porto
      Alegre, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, RS,
FAU - Bosa, Vera Lucia
AU  - Bosa VL
AD  - Centro de Estudos em Alimentacao e Nutricao, Hospital de Clinicas de Porto
      Alegre, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Departamento de
      Nutricao - FAMED/UFRGS, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.
FAU - Narvaez, Joana Correa de Magalhaes
AU  - Narvaez JC
AD  - Centro colaborador em alcool e drogas, Hospital de Clinicas de Porto Alegre
      (HCPA), Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
PL  - Portugal
TA  - Trends Psychiatry Psychother
JT  - Trends in psychiatry and psychotherapy
JID - 101610695
RN  - 0 (Crack Cocaine)
RN  - 0 (Psychotropic Drugs)
SB  - IM
MH  - Adult
MH  - *Anxiety/epidemiology
MH  - Cocaine-Related Disorders/epidemiology/*psychology/therapy
MH  - Comorbidity
MH  - Crack Cocaine
MH  - Cross-Sectional Studies
MH  - *Depression/epidemiology
MH  - Family
MH  - Genetic Predisposition to Disease
MH  - *Hope
MH  - Humans
MH  - Male
MH  - Outpatients/*psychology
MH  - Prevalence
MH  - Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
MH  - Psychotropic Drugs/therapeutic use
MH  - *Quality of Life/psychology
MH  - Socioeconomic Factors
EDAT- 2017/04/14 06:00
MHDA- 2017/04/20 06:00
CRDT- 2017/04/14 06:00
PHST- 2015/02/26 [received]
PHST- 2016/11/25 [accepted]
AID - S2237-60892017000100034 [pii]
AID - 10.1590/2237-6089-2015-0065 [doi]
PST - ppublish
SO  - Trends Psychiatry Psychother. 2017 Jan-Mar;39(1):34-42. doi:

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