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Eurasian golden jackal as host of canine vector-borne protists.

Abstract Jackals are medium-sized canids from the wolf-like clade, exhibiting a unique combination of ancestral morphotypes, broad trophic niches, and close phylogenetic relationships with the wolf and dog. Thus, they represent a potential host of several pathogens with diverse transmission routes. Recently, populations of the Eurasian golden jackal Canis aureus have expanded into the Western Palaearctic, including most of Europe. The aim of our study was to examine Eurasian golden jackals from Romania, Czech Republic and Austria for a wide spectrum of vector-borne protists and to evaluate the role of this species as a reservoir of disease for domestic dogs and/or humans.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms
Keywords

Babesia

Eurasian golden jackal

Hepatozoon

Leishmania

Theileria annae”

Journal Title parasites & vectors
Publication Year Start




PMID- 28410591
OWN - NLM
STAT- In-Process
DA  - 20170415
LR  - 20170415
IS  - 1756-3305 (Electronic)
IS  - 1756-3305 (Linking)
VI  - 10
IP  - 1
DP  - 2017 Apr 14
TI  - Eurasian golden jackal as host of canine vector-borne protists.
PG  - 183
LID - 10.1186/s13071-017-2110-z [doi]
AB  - BACKGROUND: Jackals are medium-sized canids from the wolf-like clade, exhibiting 
      a unique combination of ancestral morphotypes, broad trophic niches, and close
      phylogenetic relationships with the wolf and dog. Thus, they represent a
      potential host of several pathogens with diverse transmission routes. Recently,
      populations of the Eurasian golden jackal Canis aureus have expanded into the
      Western Palaearctic, including most of Europe. The aim of our study was to
      examine Eurasian golden jackals from Romania, Czech Republic and Austria for a
      wide spectrum of vector-borne protists and to evaluate the role of this species
      as a reservoir of disease for domestic dogs and/or humans. RESULTS: Diagnostic
      polymerase chain reaction (PCR) DNA amplifications revealed 70% of jackals to be 
      positive for Hepatozoon, 12.5% positive for piroplasms, and one individual
      positive for Leishmania infantum. Phylogenetic analyses of partial 18S rDNA
      sequences invariably placed sequenced isolates of Hepatozoon into the H. canis
      clade. For piroplasms, both the 18S and cox1 sequences obtained confirmed the
      presence of Babesia canis and "Theileria annae" in 5 and 2 individuals,
      respectively, providing the first records of these two piroplasmids in Eurasian
      golden jackals. A single animal from Dolj County (Romania) was PCR-positive for
      L. infantum, as confirmed also by sequencing of ITS1-5.8S. CONCLUSIONS:
      Apparently, expanding populations of jackals can play a significant role in
      spreading and maintaining new Babesia canis foci in Central Europe. The role of
      jackals in the epidemiology of "Theileria annae" and H. canis is probably similar
      to that of red foxes and should be taken into account in further research on
      these parasites. Also the presence of L. infantum deserves attention. Our study
      confirms that once established, the populations of Eurasian golden jackals
      constitute natural reservoirs for many canine vector-borne diseases, analogous to
      the role of the coyotes in North America.
FAU - Mitkova, Barbora
AU  - Mitkova B
AD  - Department of Pathology and Parasitology, University of Veterinary and
      Pharmaceutical Sciences, Palackeho tr. 1946/1, 612 42, Brno, Czech Republic.
      [email protected]
AD  - CEITEC-VFU, University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Palackeho tr.
      1946/1, 612 42, Brno, Czech Republic. [email protected]
FAU - Hrazdilova, Kristyna
AU  - Hrazdilova K
AD  - CEITEC-VFU, University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Palackeho tr.
      1946/1, 612 42, Brno, Czech Republic.
AD  - Department of Virology, Veterinary Research Institute, Hudcova 296/70, 621 00,
      Brno, Czech Republic.
FAU - D'Amico, Gianluca
AU  - D'Amico G
AD  - Department of Parasitology and Parasitic Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary
      Medicine, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine
      Cluj-Napoca, Calea Manastur 3-5, 400372, Cluj-Napoca, Romania.
FAU - Duscher, Georg Gerhard
AU  - Duscher GG
AD  - Institute of Parasitology, Department of Pathobiology, University of Veterinary
      Medicine Vienna, Veterinaerplatz 1, 1210, Vienna, Austria.
FAU - Suchentrunk, Franz
AU  - Suchentrunk F
AD  - Research Institute of Wildlife Ecology, Department of Integrative Biology and
      Evolution, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, Savoyenstrasse 1, 1160,
      Vienna, Austria.
FAU - Forejtek, Pavel
AU  - Forejtek P
AD  - Animal Protection, Welfare and Behaviour, University of Veterinary and
      Pharmaceutical Sciences, Palackeho tr. 1946/1, 612 42, Brno, Czech Republic.
AD  - Central European Institute of Game Ecology, Sumavska 416/15, 602 00, Brno, Czech 
      Republic.
FAU - Gherman, Calin Mircea
AU  - Gherman CM
AD  - Department of Parasitology and Parasitic Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary
      Medicine, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine
      Cluj-Napoca, Calea Manastur 3-5, 400372, Cluj-Napoca, Romania.
FAU - Matei, Ioana Adriana
AU  - Matei IA
AD  - Department of Parasitology and Parasitic Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary
      Medicine, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine
      Cluj-Napoca, Calea Manastur 3-5, 400372, Cluj-Napoca, Romania.
FAU - Ionica, Angela Monica
AU  - Ionica AM
AD  - Department of Parasitology and Parasitic Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary
      Medicine, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine
      Cluj-Napoca, Calea Manastur 3-5, 400372, Cluj-Napoca, Romania.
FAU - Daskalaki, Aikaterini Alexandra
AU  - Daskalaki AA
AD  - Department of Parasitology and Parasitic Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary
      Medicine, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine
      Cluj-Napoca, Calea Manastur 3-5, 400372, Cluj-Napoca, Romania.
FAU - Mihalca, Andrei Daniel
AU  - Mihalca AD
AD  - Department of Parasitology and Parasitic Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary
      Medicine, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine
      Cluj-Napoca, Calea Manastur 3-5, 400372, Cluj-Napoca, Romania.
FAU - Votypka, Jan
AU  - Votypka J
AD  - Department of Parasitology, Charles University in Prague, Vinicna 7, 128 44,
      Prague, Czech Republic.
AD  - Biology Centre, Institute of Parasitology, Czech Academy of Sciences, Branisovska
      31, 37005, Ceske Budejovice, Czech Republic.
FAU - Hulva, Pavel
AU  - Hulva P
AD  - Department of Zoology, Charles University in Prague, Vinicna 7, 128 44, Prague,
      Czech Republic.
AD  - Department of Biology and Ecology, University of Ostrava, Dvorakova 7, 701 03,
      Ostrava, Czech Republic.
FAU - Modry, David
AU  - Modry D
AD  - Department of Pathology and Parasitology, University of Veterinary and
      Pharmaceutical Sciences, Palackeho tr. 1946/1, 612 42, Brno, Czech Republic.
AD  - CEITEC-VFU, University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Palackeho tr.
      1946/1, 612 42, Brno, Czech Republic.
AD  - Biology Centre, Institute of Parasitology, Czech Academy of Sciences, Branisovska
      31, 37005, Ceske Budejovice, Czech Republic.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
DEP - 20170414
PL  - England
TA  - Parasit Vectors
JT  - Parasites & vectors
JID - 101462774
OTO - NOTNLM
OT  - Babesia
OT  - Eurasian golden jackal
OT  - Hepatozoon
OT  - Leishmania
OT  - "Theileria annae"
EDAT- 2017/04/16 06:00
MHDA- 2017/04/16 06:00
CRDT- 2017/04/16 06:00
PHST- 2016/10/08 [received]
PHST- 2017/03/24 [accepted]
AID - 10.1186/s13071-017-2110-z [doi]
AID - 10.1186/s13071-017-2110-z [pii]
PST - epublish
SO  - Parasit Vectors. 2017 Apr 14;10(1):183. doi: 10.1186/s13071-017-2110-z.

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