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Community-based survey during rabies outbreaks in Rangjung town, Trashigang, eastern Bhutan, 2016.

Abstract Rabies is a highly fatal disease transmitted through the bite of a rabid animal. Human deaths can be prevented by prompt administering of rabies vaccine and rabies immunoglobulin following the exposure. An assessment of community knowledge, awareness and practices on rabies is important during outbreak to understand their preparedness and target educational messages and response activities by the rapid response team.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms
Keywords

Community survey

East Bhutan

Rabies outbreak

Rapid response team

Trashigang

Journal Title bmc infectious diseases
Publication Year Start




PMID- 28415972
OWN - NLM
STAT- In-Process
DA  - 20170418
LR  - 20170421
IS  - 1471-2334 (Electronic)
IS  - 1471-2334 (Linking)
VI  - 17
IP  - 1
DP  - 2017 Apr 17
TI  - Community-based survey during rabies outbreaks in Rangjung town, Trashigang,
      eastern Bhutan, 2016.
PG  - 281
LID - 10.1186/s12879-017-2393-x [doi]
AB  - BACKGROUND: Rabies is a highly fatal disease transmitted through the bite of a
      rabid animal. Human deaths can be prevented by prompt administering of rabies
      vaccine and rabies immunoglobulin following the exposure. An assessment of
      community knowledge, awareness and practices on rabies is important during
      outbreak to understand their preparedness and target educational messages and
      response activities by the rapid response team. METHODS: A rabies outbreak has
      occurred in Rangjung town, eastern Bhutan on 4 October 2016. A rapid response
      team was activated to investigate outbreak and to establish a control program. A 
      community-based questionnaire survey was conducted from 20 to 21 October 2016 to 
      assess the community knowledge of rabies to guide outbreak preparedness and also 
      target educational messages and response activities by the RRT. RESULTS: A total 
      of 67 respondents were interviewed, of which 61% were female and 39% male. All
      the respondents have heard of rabies (100%), have knowledge on source of rabies
      (dog) and its mode of transmission in animals and humans. Most (61%) respondents 
      were aware and also indicated that they would wash the animal bite wound with
      soap and water and seek medical care on the same day of exposure (100%). Majority
      (94%) of the respondents have indicated that they would report to the government 
      agencies if they see any suspected rabid dogs in the community and suggested
      various control measures for dog population management and rabies in Rangjung
      including neutering procedure and mass dog vaccination. Although only few (10%)
      of the respondents households owned dogs and cats, but 50% of them have indicated
      that their dogs were allowed to roam outside the home premises posing risk of
      contracting rabies through rabid dog bites. CONCLUSIONS: Although this study
      indicates a high level of knowledge and awareness on rabies among the community, 
      there exists some knowledge gaps about rabies and therefore, an awareness
      education should be focused on the source of rabies and rabies virus transmission
      route to reduce public concern on nonexposure events thereby reducing the cost on
      unnecessary postexposure treatment.
FAU - Tenzin, Tenzin
AU  - Tenzin T
AD  - Disease Prevention and Control Unit, National Centre for Animal Health,
      Department of Livestock, Thimphu, Bhutan. [email protected]
FAU - Namgyal, Jamyang
AU  - Namgyal J
AD  - District Veterinary Hospital, Department of Livestock, Trashigang, Bhutan.
FAU - Letho, Sangay
AU  - Letho S
AD  - Regional Livestock Development Centre, Department of Livestock, Khangma,
      Trashigang, Bhutan.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
DEP - 20170417
PL  - England
TA  - BMC Infect Dis
JT  - BMC infectious diseases
JID - 100968551
PMC - PMC5393039
OTO - NOTNLM
OT  - Community survey
OT  - East Bhutan
OT  - Rabies outbreak
OT  - Rapid response team
OT  - Trashigang
EDAT- 2017/04/19 06:00
MHDA- 2017/04/19 06:00
CRDT- 2017/04/19 06:00
PHST- 2017/01/24 [received]
PHST- 2017/04/11 [accepted]
AID - 10.1186/s12879-017-2393-x [doi]
AID - 10.1186/s12879-017-2393-x [pii]
PST - epublish
SO  - BMC Infect Dis. 2017 Apr 17;17(1):281. doi: 10.1186/s12879-017-2393-x.

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