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Differential Diagnosis of Diaper Dermatitis.

Abstract Mild diaper dermatitis often occurs in children before toilet training is complete, particularly from 9 to 12 months of age, and the most common presentation is an irritant contact dermatitis. Diaper dermatitis may account for up to 25% of dermatology visits to health care providers during the first year of life. Fortunately, since the introduction of hypoallergenic, superabsorbent modern disposable diapers, the incidence and severity of irritant and allergic contact dermatitis has decreased dramatically. Diaper dermatitis broadly refers to skin disorders that occur in the diaper area, such as skin eruptions triggered by diapers, rashes exacerbated by the diaper, and other events that occur in the diaper area. A number of skin conditions that can occur anywhere on the skin may present with distinctive findings in the diaper area. The following discussion will review the most common triggers of diaper dermatitis and contact irritant dermatitis, while focusing on the skin conditions that may be associated or overlap clinically with contact dermatitis.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms

Diagnosis, Differential

Keywords

allergic contact dermatitis

bullous dermatoses

contact dermatitis

dermatitis

diaper candidiasis

diaper dermatitis

diaper rash

diapers

erythema

infected contact dermatitis

irritant contact dermatitis

methylisothiazolinone

newborn skin care

pediatrics

seborrheic dermatitis

skin disease

Journal Title clinical pediatrics
Publication Year Start




PMID- 28420251
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DA  - 20170419
DCOM- 20170504
LR  - 20170504
IS  - 1938-2707 (Electronic)
IS  - 0009-9228 (Linking)
VI  - 56
IP  - 5_suppl
DP  - 2017 May
TI  - Differential Diagnosis of Diaper Dermatitis.
PG  - 16S-22S
LID - 10.1177/0009922817706982 [doi]
AB  - Mild diaper dermatitis often occurs in children before toilet training is
      complete, particularly from 9 to 12 months of age, and the most common
      presentation is an irritant contact dermatitis. Diaper dermatitis may account for
      up to 25% of dermatology visits to health care providers during the first year of
      life. Fortunately, since the introduction of hypoallergenic, superabsorbent
      modern disposable diapers, the incidence and severity of irritant and allergic
      contact dermatitis has decreased dramatically. Diaper dermatitis broadly refers
      to skin disorders that occur in the diaper area, such as skin eruptions triggered
      by diapers, rashes exacerbated by the diaper, and other events that occur in the 
      diaper area. A number of skin conditions that can occur anywhere on the skin may 
      present with distinctive findings in the diaper area. The following discussion
      will review the most common triggers of diaper dermatitis and contact irritant
      dermatitis, while focusing on the skin conditions that may be associated or
      overlap clinically with contact dermatitis.
FAU - Cohen, Bernard
AU  - Cohen B
AD  - 1 Johns Hopkins Children's Center, Baltimore, MD, USA.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
PL  - United States
TA  - Clin Pediatr (Phila)
JT  - Clinical pediatrics
JID - 0372606
SB  - AIM
SB  - IM
MH  - Acute Disease
MH  - Candidiasis, Cutaneous/etiology
MH  - Dermatitis, Contact/etiology
MH  - *Diagnosis, Differential
MH  - Diaper Rash/complications/*diagnosis/pathology
MH  - Diapers, Infant
MH  - Disposable Equipment
MH  - Female
MH  - Humans
MH  - Infant
MH  - Infant, Newborn
MH  - Keratosis, Seborrheic/pathology
MH  - Male
MH  - Staphylococcal Skin Infections/etiology
OTO - NOTNLM
OT  - allergic contact dermatitis
OT  - bullous dermatoses
OT  - contact dermatitis
OT  - dermatitis
OT  - diaper candidiasis
OT  - diaper dermatitis
OT  - diaper rash
OT  - diapers
OT  - erythema
OT  - infected contact dermatitis
OT  - irritant contact dermatitis
OT  - methylisothiazolinone
OT  - newborn skin care
OT  - pediatrics
OT  - seborrheic dermatitis
OT  - skin disease
EDAT- 2017/04/20 06:00
MHDA- 2017/05/05 06:00
CRDT- 2017/04/20 06:00
AID - 10.1177/0009922817706982 [doi]
PST - ppublish
SO  - Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2017 May;56(5_suppl):16S-22S. doi:
      10.1177/0009922817706982.

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