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PMID- 28424177
DA  - 20170420
DCOM- 20170509
LR  - 20170509
IS  - 1468-2044 (Electronic)
IS  - 0003-9888 (Linking)
VI  - 102
IP  - 5
DP  - 2017 May
TI  - Developmental and behavioural associations of burns and scalds in children: a
      prospective population-based study.
PG  - 428-483
LID - 10.1136/archdischild-2016-311644 [doi]
AB  - OBJECTIVE: To investigate child developmental and behavioural characteristics and
      risk of burns and scalds. DESIGN: Data on burns in children up to 11 years from
      12 966 participants in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children were
      linked to developmental profiles measured before the burn injury. MEASURES:
      Preinjury profiles of the children derived from maternal questionnaires completed
      in pregnancy, and at 6, 18, 42, 47 and 54 months. Injury data collected by
      questionnaire at 6, 15 and 24 months and 3.5, 4.5, 5.5, 6.5, 8.5 and 11 years of 
      age. RESULTS: Incidence: Burn rates were as follows: birth-2 years
      71.9/1000/year; 2-4.5 years 42.2/1000/year; 5-11 years 14.3/1000/year. Boys <2
      years were more likely to sustain burns, and girls had more burns between age 5
      and 11 years. Medical attention was sought for 11% of burn injuries. Development:
      Up to age 2 years, burns were more likely in children with the most advanced
      gross motor developmental scores and the slowest fine motor development. Children
      with coordination problems at 4.5 years of age had increased risk of burns
      between 5 and 11 years. No associations were observed with cognitive skills.
      Behaviour: At 3.5 years, the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire scores and 
      reported frequent temper tantrums predicted subsequent burns in primary school
      age. After adjustment for confounders, burns in the preschool period were related
      to gender and motor development, and in school-aged children, to frequent temper 
      tantrums, hyperactivity and coordination difficulties. CONCLUSION: Child factors 
      associated with increased risk of burns were male gender in infancy and female
      gender at school age, advanced gross motor development, coordination
      difficulties, hyperactivity and problems with emotional regulation.
CI  - Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not
      already granted under a licence) please go to
FAU - Emond, Alan
AU  - Emond A
AD  - Scar Free Foundation Children's Burns Research Centre, University of Bristol,
      Bristol, UK.
FAU - Sheahan, Clare
AU  - Sheahan C
AD  - Centre for Child and Adolescent Health, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK.
FAU - Mytton, Julie
AU  - Mytton J
AD  - Centre for Child and Adolescent Health, University of the West of England,
      Bristol, UK.
FAU - Hollen, Linda
AU  - Hollen L
AD  - Scar Free Foundation Children's Burns Research Centre, University of Bristol,
      Bristol, UK.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
DEP - 20161113
PL  - England
TA  - Arch Dis Child
JT  - Archives of disease in childhood
JID - 0372434
SB  - IM
MH  - Accidents, Home/statistics & numerical data
MH  - Age Factors
MH  - Burns/epidemiology/*etiology
MH  - Child
MH  - Child, Preschool
MH  - Educational Status
MH  - England/epidemiology
MH  - Female
MH  - Humans
MH  - Incidence
MH  - Infant
MH  - Infant, Newborn
MH  - Longitudinal Studies
MH  - Male
MH  - Neurodevelopmental Disorders/*complications/epidemiology
MH  - Parenting
MH  - Prospective Studies
MH  - Risk Factors
MH  - Sex Factors
MH  - Socioeconomic Factors
OT  - Injury Prevention
OT  - burns, injury, child, development, behaviour, co-ordination, emotional regulation
COI - Competing interestsNone.
EDAT- 2017/04/21 06:00
MHDA- 2017/05/10 06:00
CRDT- 2017/04/21 06:00
PHST- 2016/07/18 [received]
PHST- 2016/10/15 [revised]
PHST- 2016/10/23 [accepted]
AID - archdischild-2016-311644 [pii]
AID - 10.1136/archdischild-2016-311644 [doi]
PST - ppublish
SO  - Arch Dis Child. 2017 May;102(5):428-483. doi: 10.1136/archdischild-2016-311644.
      Epub 2016 Nov 13.

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