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Risk of exposure to heatstroke in sugarcane workers in São Paulo State, Brazil.

Abstract Environmental heat is an aggravating factor for sugarcane workers, and manual cane cutting is one of the heavy work activities that favor the generation of metabolic heat. This can combine with other precarious working conditions to produce heatstroke, potentially leading to serious complications and even death. The study aimed to quantify the risk of overheating in sugarcane cutters in São Paulo, Brazil. Drawing on a specific methodology, the study used four years of data to estimate the Globe Thermometer Wet Bulb Index based on light, moderate, and heavy activities. The results showed that the legal limit was exceeded for continuous activity in periods from 1 to 8 hours, which requires control measures in order to continue working. The principal observation was the risk of heatstroke in the three types of activity: light, moderate, and heavy. The limits were exceeded throughout the work shift on 7% of the days for heavy activity and on 3% of the days for moderate activity. In addition, the areas with the highest risk of heatstroke coincide with predominant cane-growing.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms

Saccharum

Keywords
Journal Title cadernos de saude publica
Publication Year Start




PMID- 28444029
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DA  - 20170426
DCOM- 20170705
LR  - 20170705
IS  - 1678-4464 (Electronic)
IS  - 0102-311X (Linking)
VI  - 33
IP  - 3
DP  - 2017 Apr 20
TI  - [Risk of exposure to heatstroke in sugarcane workers in Sao Paulo State, Brazil].
PG  - e00211415
LID - S0102-311X2017000305019 [pii]
LID - 10.1590/0102-311X00211415 [doi]
AB  - Environmental heat is an aggravating factor for sugarcane workers, and manual
      cane cutting is one of the heavy work activities that favor the generation of
      metabolic heat. This can combine with other precarious working conditions to
      produce heatstroke, potentially leading to serious complications and even death. 
      The study aimed to quantify the risk of overheating in sugarcane cutters in Sao
      Paulo, Brazil. Drawing on a specific methodology, the study used four years of
      data to estimate the Globe Thermometer Wet Bulb Index based on light, moderate,
      and heavy activities. The results showed that the legal limit was exceeded for
      continuous activity in periods from 1 to 8 hours, which requires control measures
      in order to continue working. The principal observation was the risk of
      heatstroke in the three types of activity: light, moderate, and heavy. The limits
      were exceeded throughout the work shift on 7% of the days for heavy activity and 
      on 3% of the days for moderate activity. In addition, the areas with the highest 
      risk of heatstroke coincide with predominant cane-growing.
FAU - Roscani, Rodrigo Cauduro
AU  - Roscani RC
AD  - Fundacao Jorge Duprat Figueiredo de Seguranca e Medicina do Trabalho, Campinas,
      Brasil.
FAU - Bitencourt, Daniel Pires
AU  - Bitencourt DP
AD  - Fundacao Jorge Duprat Figueiredo de Seguranca e Medicina do Trabalho,
      Florianopolis, Brasil.
FAU - Maia, Paulo Alves
AU  - Maia PA
AD  - Fundacao Jorge Duprat Figueiredo de Seguranca e Medicina do Trabalho, Campinas,
      Brasil.
FAU - Ruas, Alvaro Cesar
AU  - Ruas AC
AD  - Fundacao Jorge Duprat Figueiredo de Seguranca e Medicina do Trabalho, Campinas,
      Brasil.
LA  - por
PT  - Journal Article
TT  - Risco de exposicao a sobrecarga termica para trabalhadores da cultura de
      cana-de-acucar no Estado de Sao Paulo, Brasil.
DEP - 20170420
PL  - Brazil
TA  - Cad Saude Publica
JT  - Cadernos de saude publica
JID - 8901573
SB  - IM
MH  - Agricultural Workers' Diseases/*etiology
MH  - Brazil
MH  - Heat Stress Disorders/*etiology
MH  - Hot Temperature/*adverse effects
MH  - Humans
MH  - Occupational Exposure/*adverse effects/*statistics & numerical data
MH  - Rural Population
MH  - *Saccharum
MH  - Spatial Analysis
EDAT- 2017/04/27 06:00
MHDA- 2017/07/06 06:00
CRDT- 2017/04/27 06:00
PHST- 2015/12/23 [received]
PHST- 2016/06/13 [accepted]
AID - S0102-311X2017000305019 [pii]
AID - 10.1590/0102-311X00211415 [doi]
PST - epublish
SO  - Cad Saude Publica. 2017 Apr 20;33(3):e00211415. doi: 10.1590/0102-311X00211415.