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Allergy - an environmental disease.

Abstract The increase in allergies is a phenomenon that is being observed in all fast-developing countries. For a long time, science has taken as a starting point that solely a genetic predisposition is a precondition for the development of an allergy. Today, knowledge of environmental factors that can alter genes or the transcription of genes in the cells, has improved. Epidemiological studies have meanwhile identified several environmental factors that have a protective or supporting effect on allergy development. The environmental microbiome has recently gained central interest. A common theme in most of the studies is diversity: reduced diversity is correlated with enhanced risk for chronic inflammatory diseases and allergy.It is now of great interest for research to further analyze such environment-gene and/or environment-human interactions on all levels - from organs to cells to small and microstructures such as genes. For immunologists, it is specifically about understanding the influencing factors and effector pathways of allergens, and to apply thereby obtained insights in the follow-up for the ultimate goal of allergy research - prevention.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms
Keywords

Adjuvants

Environment

Epigenetics

Pollen

Type I allergy

Journal Title bundesgesundheitsblatt, gesundheitsforschung, gesundheitsschutz
Publication Year Start




PMID- 28466132
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DCOM- 20180321
LR  - 20180321
IS  - 1437-1588 (Electronic)
IS  - 1436-9990 (Linking)
VI  - 60
IP  - 6
DP  - 2017 Jun
TI  - [Allergy - an environmental disease].
PG  - 584-591
LID - 10.1007/s00103-017-2547-4 [doi]
AB  - The increase in allergies is a phenomenon that is being observed in all
      fast-developing countries. For a long time, science has taken as a starting point
      that solely a genetic predisposition is a precondition for the development of an 
      allergy. Today, knowledge of environmental factors that can alter genes or the
      transcription of genes in the cells, has improved. Epidemiological studies have
      meanwhile identified several environmental factors that have a protective or
      supporting effect on allergy development. The environmental microbiome has
      recently gained central interest. A common theme in most of the studies is
      diversity: reduced diversity is correlated with enhanced risk for chronic
      inflammatory diseases and allergy.It is now of great interest for research to
      further analyze such environment-gene and/or environment-human interactions on
      all levels - from organs to cells to small and microstructures such as genes. For
      immunologists, it is specifically about understanding the influencing factors and
      effector pathways of allergens, and to apply thereby obtained insights in the
      follow-up for the ultimate goal of allergy research - prevention.
FAU - Traidl-Hoffmann, Claudia
AU  - Traidl-Hoffmann C
AD  - Lehrstuhl fur Umweltmedizin, UNIKA-T, Technische Universitat Munchen, Neusasser
      Strasse 47, 86156, Augsburg, Deutschland. [email protected]
AD  - CK-CARE, Christine Kuhne - Center for Allergy Research and Education, Davos,
      Schweiz. [email protected]
AD  - Institut fur Umweltmedizin, Helmholtzzentrum Munchen, German Research Center for 
      Environmental Health, Munchen, Deutschland. [email protected]
AD  - Ambulanz fur Umweltmedizin, Klinikum Augsburg, Stenglinstr. 2, 86156, Augsburg,
      Deutschland. [email protected]
LA  - ger
PT  - Journal Article
PT  - Review
TT  - Allergie - eine Umwelterkrankung!
PL  - Germany
TA  - Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz
JT  - Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
JID - 101181368
SB  - IM
MH  - Biological Assay/methods
MH  - Counseling/methods
MH  - Environment
MH  - Environmental Exposure/*analysis
MH  - Environmental Illness/diagnosis/*epidemiology/*microbiology
MH  - Environmental Medicine/methods
MH  - Environmental Monitoring/methods
MH  - Environmental Pollution/*analysis
MH  - Epidemiologic Studies
MH  - Evidence-Based Medicine
MH  - Germany/epidemiology
MH  - Humans
MH  - Hypersensitivity/diagnosis/*epidemiology/*microbiology
MH  - Population Surveillance/*methods
MH  - Prevalence
MH  - Risk Assessment
OTO - NOTNLM
OT  - Adjuvants
OT  - Environment
OT  - Epigenetics
OT  - Pollen
OT  - Type I allergy
EDAT- 2017/05/04 06:00
MHDA- 2018/03/22 06:00
CRDT- 2017/05/04 06:00
PHST- 2017/05/04 06:00 [pubmed]
PHST- 2018/03/22 06:00 [medline]
PHST- 2017/05/04 06:00 [entrez]
AID - 10.1007/s00103-017-2547-4 [doi]
AID - 10.1007/s00103-017-2547-4 [pii]
PST - ppublish
SO  - Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz. 2017
      Jun;60(6):584-591. doi: 10.1007/s00103-017-2547-4.