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Changes of hematological and biochemical parameters and levels of pepsinogen, histamine and prostaglandins in dairy cows affected with left displacement of the abomasum.

Abstract The aims of this study were to determine the serum levels of pepsinogen, histamine, and prostaglandins F2α and E2 in lactating dairy cows affected with left displacement of the abomasum (LDA). In addition, the hematological and serum biochemical parameters were also determined in cows affected with LDA. A total of 52 adult lactating Holstein-Friesian cows affected with LDA and 30 normal cows (control) were used. In LDA cows, the average age, BCS and body weight were 4.9 ± 1.2 years, 2.5 ± 0.75, and 525 ± 150kg respectively. The average days-in-milk (DIM) in affected cows was 14 ± 6 with a range between 7 to 45 days. There were no significant differences in values of rectal temperature, heart rate and respiration rate between LDA cows and control. Rumen motility was significantly (p≤0.05) decreased in LDA cows. Cows affected with LDA had significantly (p≤0.05) increased glucose levels, and decreased levels of calcium and magnesium. There were significantly (p≤0.05) increased serum levels of pepsinogen and histamine in LDA cows while levels of prostaglandin E2 were significantly decreased in comparison to those in control cows. There were no significant changes in serum levels of prostaglandin F2α. In the hematology analyses, there were no significant changes in cows with LDA when compared to those in control cows. This study provides evidence of a possible role for pepsinogen, histamine and prostaglandin E2 in the etiopathophysiology of LDA in dairy cows.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms

Abomasum

Keywords

abomasal displacement

dairy cows

histamine

pepsinogen

prostaglandins

Journal Title polish journal of veterinary sciences
Publication Year Start




PMID- 28525343
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DA  - 20170519
DCOM- 20170629
LR  - 20170629
IS  - 1505-1773 (Print)
IS  - 1505-1773 (Linking)
VI  - 20
IP  - 1
DP  - 2017 Mar 28
TI  - Changes of hematological and biochemical parameters and levels of pepsinogen,
      histamine and prostaglandins in dairy cows affected with left displacement of the
      abomasum.
PG  - 13-18
LID - 10.1515/pjvs-2017-0002 [doi]
LID - /j/pjvs.2017.20.issue-1/pjvs-2017-0002/pjvs-2017-0002.xml [pii]
AB  - The aims of this study were to determine the serum levels of pepsinogen,
      histamine, and prostaglandins F2alpha and E2 in lactating dairy cows affected
      with left displacement of the abomasum (LDA). In addition, the hematological and 
      serum biochemical parameters were also determined in cows affected with LDA. A
      total of 52 adult lactating Holstein-Friesian cows affected with LDA and 30
      normal cows (control) were used. In LDA cows, the average age, BCS and body
      weight were 4.9 +/- 1.2 years, 2.5 +/- 0.75, and 525 +/- 150kg respectively. The 
      average days-in-milk (DIM) in affected cows was 14 +/- 6 with a range between 7
      to 45 days. There were no significant differences in values of rectal
      temperature, heart rate and respiration rate between LDA cows and control. Rumen 
      motility was significantly (p</=0.05) decreased in LDA cows. Cows affected with
      LDA had significantly (p</=0.05) increased glucose levels, and decreased levels
      of calcium and magnesium. There were significantly (p</=0.05) increased serum
      levels of pepsinogen and histamine in LDA cows while levels of prostaglandin E2
      were significantly decreased in comparison to those in control cows. There were
      no significant changes in serum levels of prostaglandin F2alpha. In the
      hematology analyses, there were no significant changes in cows with LDA when
      compared to those in control cows. This study provides evidence of a possible
      role for pepsinogen, histamine and prostaglandin E2 in the etiopathophysiology of
      LDA in dairy cows.
FAU - Al-Rawashdeh, O
AU  - Al-Rawashdeh O
AD  - .
FAU - Ismail, Z Bani
AU  - Ismail ZB
AD  - .
FAU - Talafha, A
AU  - Talafha A
AD  - .
FAU - Al-Momani, A
AU  - Al-Momani A
AD  - .
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
PL  - Germany
TA  - Pol J Vet Sci
JT  - Polish journal of veterinary sciences
JID - 101125473
RN  - 0 (Prostaglandins)
RN  - 820484N8I3 (Histamine)
RN  - 9001-10-9 (Pepsinogen A)
SB  - IM
MH  - *Abomasum
MH  - Animals
MH  - Cattle
MH  - Cattle Diseases/*blood/metabolism
MH  - Female
MH  - Histamine/*blood
MH  - Pepsinogen A/*blood
MH  - Prostaglandins/*blood
MH  - Stomach Diseases/blood/*veterinary
OTO - NOTNLM
OT  - abomasal displacement
OT  - dairy cows
OT  - histamine
OT  - pepsinogen
OT  - prostaglandins
EDAT- 2017/05/20 06:00
MHDA- 2017/07/01 06:00
CRDT- 2017/05/20 06:00
AID - 10.1515/pjvs-2017-0002 [doi]
AID - /j/pjvs.2017.20.issue-1/pjvs-2017-0002/pjvs-2017-0002.xml [pii]
PST - ppublish
SO  - Pol J Vet Sci. 2017 Mar 28;20(1):13-18. doi: 10.1515/pjvs-2017-0002.