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"We do not bury dead livestock like human beings": Community behaviors and risk of Rift Valley Fever virus infection in Baringo County, Kenya.

Abstract Rift Valley Fever (RVF), is a viral zoonotic disease transmitted by Aedes and Culex mosquitoes. In Kenya, its occurrence is associated with increased rains. In Baringo County, RVF was first reported in 2006-2007 resulting in 85 human cases and 5 human deaths, besides livestock losses and livelihood disruptions. This study sought to investigate the county's current RVF risk status.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms

Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice

Keywords
Journal Title plos neglected tropical diseases
Publication Year Start




PMID- 28542242
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DA  - 20170525
DCOM- 20170710
LR  - 20170713
IS  - 1935-2735 (Electronic)
IS  - 1935-2727 (Linking)
VI  - 11
IP  - 5
DP  - 2017 May
TI  - "We do not bury dead livestock like human beings": Community behaviors and risk
      of Rift Valley Fever virus infection in Baringo County, Kenya.
PG  - e0005582
LID - 10.1371/journal.pntd.0005582 [doi]
AB  - BACKGROUND: Rift Valley Fever (RVF), is a viral zoonotic disease transmitted by
      Aedes and Culex mosquitoes. In Kenya, its occurrence is associated with increased
      rains. In Baringo County, RVF was first reported in 2006-2007 resulting in 85
      human cases and 5 human deaths, besides livestock losses and livelihood
      disruptions. This study sought to investigate the county's current RVF risk
      status. METHODOLOGY AND PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: A cross-sectional study on the
      knowledge, attitudes and practices of RVF was conducted through a mixed methods
      approach utilizing a questionnaire survey (n = 560) and 26 focus group
      discussions (n = 231). Results indicate that study participants had little
      knowledge of RVF causes, its signs and symptoms and transmission mechanisms to
      humans and livestock. However, most of them indicated that a person could be
      infected with zoonotic diseases through consumption of meat (79.2%) and milk
      (73.7%) or contact with blood (40%) from sick animals. There was a statistically 
      significant relationship between being male and milking sick animals, consumption
      of milk from sick animals, consuming raw or cooked blood, slaughtering sick
      livestock or dead animals for consumption (all at p</=0.001), and handling sick
      livestock with bare hands (p = 0.025) with more men than women engaging in the
      risky practices. Only a few respondents relied on trained personnel or local
      experts to inspect meat for safety of consumption every time they slaughtered an 
      animal at home. Sick livestock were treated using conventional and herbal
      medicines often without consulting veterinary officers. CONCLUSIONS: Communities 
      in Baringo County engage in behaviour that may increase their risk to RVF
      infections during an outbreak. The authors recommend community education to
      improve their response during outbreaks.
FAU - Mutua, Edna N
AU  - Mutua EN
AUID- ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7511-9116
AD  - Institute of Anthropology, Gender and African Studies, University of Nairobi,
      Nairobi, Kenya.
AD  - Animal and Human Health, International Livestock Research Institute, Nairobi,
      Kenya.
FAU - Bukachi, Salome A
AU  - Bukachi SA
AD  - Institute of Anthropology, Gender and African Studies, University of Nairobi,
      Nairobi, Kenya.
FAU - Bett, Bernard K
AU  - Bett BK
AD  - Animal and Human Health, International Livestock Research Institute, Nairobi,
      Kenya.
FAU - Estambale, Benson A
AU  - Estambale BA
AD  - Research, Innovation and Outreach, Jaramogi Oginga Odinga University of Science
      and Technology, Bondo, Kenya.
FAU - Nyamongo, Isaac K
AU  - Nyamongo IK
AD  - Institute of Anthropology, Gender and African Studies, University of Nairobi,
      Nairobi, Kenya.
AD  - Cooperative Development, Research and Innovation, The Cooperative University of
      Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
DEP - 20170524
PL  - United States
TA  - PLoS Negl Trop Dis
JT  - PLoS neglected tropical diseases
JID - 101291488
SB  - IM
MH  - Adolescent
MH  - Adult
MH  - Aged
MH  - Aged, 80 and over
MH  - Animals
MH  - Cross-Sectional Studies
MH  - Female
MH  - Focus Groups
MH  - *Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
MH  - Humans
MH  - Kenya/epidemiology
MH  - Male
MH  - Middle Aged
MH  - Rift Valley Fever/*epidemiology
MH  - Rift Valley fever virus/*isolation & purification
MH  - Risk Assessment
MH  - Surveys and Questionnaires
MH  - Young Adult
MH  - Zoonoses/*epidemiology
PMC - PMC5460880
EDAT- 2017/05/26 06:00
MHDA- 2017/07/14 06:00
CRDT- 2017/05/26 06:00
PHST- 2016/08/18 [received]
PHST- 2017/04/19 [accepted]
PHST- 2017/06/06 [revised]
AID - 10.1371/journal.pntd.0005582 [doi]
AID - PNTD-D-16-01480 [pii]
PST - epublish
SO  - PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2017 May 24;11(5):e0005582. doi:
      10.1371/journal.pntd.0005582. eCollection 2017 May.