PubTransformer

A site to transform Pubmed publications into these bibliographic reference formats: ADS, BibTeX, EndNote, ISI used by the Web of Knowledge, RIS, MEDLINE, Microsoft's Word 2007 XML.

Nanotechnology in agriculture: Opportunities, toxicological implications, and occupational risks.

Abstract Nanotechnology has the potential to make a beneficial impact on several agricultural, forestry, and environmental challenges, such as urbanization, energy constraints, and sustainable use of resources. However, new environmental and human health hazards may emerge from nano-enhanced applications. This raises concerns for agricultural workers who may become primarily exposed to such xenobiotics during their job tasks. The aim of this review is to discuss promising solutions that nanotechnology may provide in agricultural activities, with a specific focus on critical aspects, challenging issues, and research needs for occupational risk assessment and management in this emerging field. Eco-toxicological aspects were not the focus of the review. Nano-fertilizers, (nano-sized nutrients, nano-coated fertilizers, or engineered metal-oxide or carbon-based nanomaterials per se), and nano-pesticides, (nano-formulations of traditional active ingredients or inorganic nanomaterials), may provide a targeted/controlled release of agrochemicals, aimed to obtain their fullest biological efficacy without over-dosage. Nano-sensors and nano-remediation methods may detect and remove environmental contaminants. However, limited knowledge concerning nanomaterial biosafety, adverse effects, fate, and acquired biological reactivity once dispersed into the environment, requires further scientific efforts to assess possible nano-agricultural risks. In this perspective, toxicological research should be aimed to define nanomaterial hazards and levels of exposure along the life-cycle of nano-enabled products, and to assess those physico-chemical features affecting nanomaterial toxicity, possible interactions with agro-system co-formulants, and stressors. Overall, this review highlights the importance to define adequate risk management strategies for workers, occupational safety practices and policies, as well as to develop a responsible regulatory consensus on nanotechnology in agriculture.
PMID
Related Publications

Risk assessment and management of occupational exposure to pesticides in agriculture.

Minimizing risk for health in workers engaged into preplanting treatment of planting material.

Safety assessment for nanotechnology and nanomedicine: concepts of nanotoxicology.

Time of farmers' exposure to biological factors in agricultural working environment.

Occupational hazards raise prostate cancer risk for farmers.

Authors

Mayor MeshTerms

Farmers

Occupational Health

Keywords

Nano-enabled agrochemicals

Nano-enhanced environmental remediation

Nanocellulose

Nanotechnology

Nanotoxicology

Occupational risk assessment and management

Journal Title toxicology and applied pharmacology
Publication Year Start




PMID- 28554660
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DA  - 20170530
DCOM- 20170731
LR  - 20170731
IS  - 1096-0333 (Electronic)
IS  - 0041-008X (Linking)
VI  - 329
DP  - 2017 Aug 15
TI  - Nanotechnology in agriculture: Opportunities, toxicological implications, and
      occupational risks.
PG  - 96-111
LID - S0041-008X(17)30231-4 [pii]
LID - 10.1016/j.taap.2017.05.025 [doi]
AB  - Nanotechnology has the potential to make a beneficial impact on several
      agricultural, forestry, and environmental challenges, such as urbanization,
      energy constraints, and sustainable use of resources. However, new environmental 
      and human health hazards may emerge from nano-enhanced applications. This raises 
      concerns for agricultural workers who may become primarily exposed to such
      xenobiotics during their job tasks. The aim of this review is to discuss
      promising solutions that nanotechnology may provide in agricultural activities,
      with a specific focus on critical aspects, challenging issues, and research needs
      for occupational risk assessment and management in this emerging field.
      Eco-toxicological aspects were not the focus of the review. Nano-fertilizers,
      (nano-sized nutrients, nano-coated fertilizers, or engineered metal-oxide or
      carbon-based nanomaterials per se), and nano-pesticides, (nano-formulations of
      traditional active ingredients or inorganic nanomaterials), may provide a
      targeted/controlled release of agrochemicals, aimed to obtain their fullest
      biological efficacy without over-dosage. Nano-sensors and nano-remediation
      methods may detect and remove environmental contaminants. However, limited
      knowledge concerning nanomaterial biosafety, adverse effects, fate, and acquired 
      biological reactivity once dispersed into the environment, requires further
      scientific efforts to assess possible nano-agricultural risks. In this
      perspective, toxicological research should be aimed to define nanomaterial
      hazards and levels of exposure along the life-cycle of nano-enabled products, and
      to assess those physico-chemical features affecting nanomaterial toxicity,
      possible interactions with agro-system co-formulants, and stressors. Overall,
      this review highlights the importance to define adequate risk management
      strategies for workers, occupational safety practices and policies, as well as to
      develop a responsible regulatory consensus on nanotechnology in agriculture.
CI  - Copyright (c) 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
FAU - Iavicoli, Ivo
AU  - Iavicoli I
AD  - Department of Public Health, Division of Occupational Medicine, University of
      Naples Federico II, Via S. Pansini 5, 80131 Naples, Italy. Electronic address:
      [email protected]
FAU - Leso, Veruscka
AU  - Leso V
AD  - Department of Public Health, Division of Occupational Medicine, University of
      Naples Federico II, Via S. Pansini 5, 80131 Naples, Italy.
FAU - Beezhold, Donald H
AU  - Beezhold DH
AD  - National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Centers for Disease
      Control and Prevention, 1095 Willowdale Rd., Morgantown, WV, United States.
FAU - Shvedova, Anna A
AU  - Shvedova AA
AD  - National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Centers for Disease
      Control and Prevention, 1095 Willowdale Rd., Morgantown, WV, United States;
      Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, School of Medicine, West Virginia
      University, Robert C. Byrd Health Sciences Center, P.O. Box 9229, Morgantown, WV,
      United States.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
PT  - Review
DEP - 20170526
PL  - United States
TA  - Toxicol Appl Pharmacol
JT  - Toxicology and applied pharmacology
JID - 0416575
RN  - 0 (Agrochemicals)
SB  - IM
MH  - Agricultural Workers' Diseases/*etiology/prevention & control
MH  - Agriculture/*methods
MH  - Agrochemicals/*adverse effects
MH  - Animals
MH  - Diffusion of Innovation
MH  - Environmental Monitoring/methods
MH  - *Farmers
MH  - Humans
MH  - Nanoparticles/*adverse effects
MH  - Nanotechnology/*methods
MH  - Occupational Exposure/*adverse effects/prevention & control
MH  - *Occupational Health
MH  - Risk Assessment
MH  - Risk Factors
OTO - NOTNLM
OT  - Nano-enabled agrochemicals
OT  - Nano-enhanced environmental remediation
OT  - Nanocellulose
OT  - Nanotechnology
OT  - Nanotoxicology
OT  - Occupational risk assessment and management
EDAT- 2017/05/31 06:00
MHDA- 2017/08/02 06:00
CRDT- 2017/05/31 06:00
PHST- 2017/03/10 [received]
PHST- 2017/05/17 [revised]
PHST- 2017/05/22 [accepted]
AID - S0041-008X(17)30231-4 [pii]
AID - 10.1016/j.taap.2017.05.025 [doi]
PST - ppublish
SO  - Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 2017 Aug 15;329:96-111. doi: 10.1016/j.taap.2017.05.025. 
      Epub 2017 May 26.