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Factor associated with self-reported work-related musculoskeletal disorders in Brazilian adults.

Abstract To describe the prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorder (WMSD) and analyze the factors associated with this outcome in the Brazilian population.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms
Keywords
Journal Title revista de saude publica
Publication Year Start




PMID- 28591358
OWN - NLM
STAT- In-Process
DA  - 20170607
LR  - 20170607
IS  - 1518-8787 (Electronic)
IS  - 0034-8910 (Linking)
VI  - 51
IP  - suppl 1
DP  - 2017 Jun 01
TI  - Factor associated with self-reported work-related musculoskeletal disorders in
      Brazilian adults.
PG  - 10s
LID - S0034-89102017000200301 [pii]
LID - 10.1590/S1518-8787.2017051000282 [doi]
AB  - OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorder
      (WMSD) and analyze the factors associated with this outcome in the Brazilian
      population. METHODS: In this cross-sectional, population-based study, we use data
      from the National Survey on Health (PNS) of 2013. The sample was composed of
      60,202 Brazilians aged 18 years or older. The outcome variable was the occurrence
      of self-reported WMSD. Sociodemographic and occupational characteristics,
      personal resources, and health conditions were investigated as explanatory
      variables. Analyses were performed with the software Stata 12.0 and considered
      the weighting imposed by the sampling design of the study. Then, univariate and
      multivariate binary logistic models were carried out, considering a significance 
      level of 5%. RESULTS: The results obtained indicated that the prevalence of WMSD 
      in the Brazilian population was of 2.5%, ranging from 0.2% (Acre) to 4.2% (Santa 
      Catarina). The factors associated with a greater chance of occurrence of WMSD
      were: female sex (OR = 2.33; 95%CI 1.72-3.15); be temporarily away from work (OR 
      = 2.44; 95%CI 1.41-4.23); be exposed to noise at the workplace (OR = 2.16; 95%CI 
      1.68-2.77); seniority equal to or greater than 4.5 years at the current job (OR =
      1.37; 95%CI 1.09-1.72); participate in volunteer work (OR = 1.65; 95%CI
      1.25-2.17); report medical diagnosis of arthritis or rheumatism (OR = 2.40; 95%CI
      1.68-3.44); and depression (OR = 2.48; 95%CI 1.86-3.31). On the other hand,
      factors associated with less chance of WMSD were: not having a partner (OR =
      0.73; 95%CI 0.37-0.71) and working in an open environment (OR = 0.51; 95%CI
      0.37-0.71). CONCLUSIONS: The associated factors and the prevalence found indicate
      regional and gender differences. Special attention to comorbidities and
      environmental noise monitoring would benefit the health of workers in the
      Country. OBJETIVO: Descrever a prevalencia de disturbio osteomuscular relacionado
      ao trabalho (Dort) e analisar os fatores associados com esse desfecho na
      populacao brasileira. METODOS: Neste estudo transversal, de base populacional,
      utilizamos dados da Pesquisa Nacional de Saude (PNS) de 2013. A amostra foi
      composta por 60.202 brasileiros com 18 anos ou mais de idade. A variavel desfecho
      foi a ocorrencia de Dort autorreferida. Como variaveis explicativas, foram
      investigadas caracteristicas sociodemograficas, ocupacionais, recursos pessoais e
      condicoes de saude. As analises foram realizadas com o software Stata 12.0 e
      levaram em consideracao as ponderacoes impostas pelo delineamento amostral do
      estudo. Foi realizado, entao, um modelo logistico binario uni e multivariado,
      considerando o nivel de significancia de 5%. RESULTADOS: Os resultados obtidos
      indicaram que a prevalencia de Dort na populacao brasileira foi de 2,5%, variando
      de 0,2% (Acre) a 4,2% (Santa Catarina). Os fatores associados a maior chance de
      ocorrencia de Dort foram: sexo feminino (OR = 2,33; IC95% 1,72-3,15); estar
      afastado temporariamente do trabalho (OR = 2,44; IC95% 1,41-4,23); estar exposto 
      a ruido no local de trabalho (OR = 2,16; IC95% 1,68-2,77); antiguidade igual ou
      superior a 4,5 anos no trabalho atual (OR = 1,37; IC95% 1,09-1,72); participar de
      trabalho voluntario (OR = 1,65; IC95% 1,25-2,17); relatar diagnostico medico de
      artrite ou reumatismo (OR = 2,40; IC95% 1,68-3,44) e de depressao (OR = 2,48;
      IC95% 1,86-3,31). Por outro lado, foram associados a menor chance de diagnostico 
      de Dort: nao ter parceiro (OR = 0,73; IC95% 0,37-0,71) e trabalhar em ambiente
      aberto (OR = 0,51; IC95% 0,37-0,71). CONCLUSOES: Os fatores associados e a
      prevalencia encontrada indicam diferencas regionais e de genero. Especial atencao
      as comorbidades e monitoramento do ruido ambiental beneficiariam a saude dos
      trabalhadores no pais.
FAU - Assuncao, Ada Avila
AU  - Assuncao AA
AD  - Departamento de Medicina Preventiva e Social. Universidade Federal de Minas
      Gerais. Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil.
FAU - Abreu, Mery Natali Silva
AU  - Abreu MNS
AD  - Departamento de Enfermagem Aplicada. Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais. Belo
      Horizonte, MG, Brasil.
LA  - eng
LA  - por
PT  - Journal Article
DEP - 20170601
PL  - Brazil
TA  - Rev Saude Publica
JT  - Revista de saude publica
JID - 0135043
EDAT- 2017/06/08 06:00
MHDA- 2017/06/08 06:00
CRDT- 2017/06/08 06:00
PHST- 2016/09/20 [received]
PHST- 2016/12/03 [accepted]
AID - S0034-89102017000200301 [pii]
AID - 10.1590/S1518-8787.2017051000282 [doi]
PST - epublish
SO  - Rev Saude Publica. 2017 Jun 1;51(suppl 1):10s. doi:
      10.1590/S1518-8787.2017051000282.

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