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Measures Taken to Prevent Zika Virus Infection During Pregnancy - Puerto Rico, 2016.

Abstract Zika virus infection during pregnancy remains a serious health threat in Puerto Rico. Infection during pregnancy can cause microcephaly, brain abnormalities, and other severe birth defects (1). From January 1, 2016 through March 29, 2017, Puerto Rico reported approximately 3,300 pregnant women with laboratory evidence of possible Zika virus infection (2). There is currently no vaccine or intervention to prevent the adverse effects of Zika virus infection during pregnancy; therefore, prevention has been the focus of public health activities, especially for pregnant women (3). CDC and the Puerto Rico Department of Health analyzed data from the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System Zika Postpartum Emergency Response (PRAMS-ZPER) survey conducted from August through December 2016 among Puerto Rico residents with a live birth. Most women (98.1%) reported using at least one measure to avoid mosquitos in their home environment. However, only 45.8% of women reported wearing mosquito repellent daily, and 11.5% reported wearing pants and shirts with long sleeves daily. Approximately one third (38.5%) reported abstaining from sex or using condoms consistently throughout pregnancy. Overall, 76.9% of women reported having been tested for Zika virus by their health care provider during the first or second trimester of pregnancy. These results can be used to assess and refine Zika virus infection prevention messaging and interventions for pregnant women and to reinforce measures to promote prenatal testing for Zika.
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Journal Title mmwr. morbidity and mortality weekly report
Publication Year Start




PMID- 28594787
OWN - NLM
STAT- In-Process
DA  - 20170608
LR  - 20170608
IS  - 1545-861X (Electronic)
IS  - 0149-2195 (Linking)
VI  - 66
IP  - 22
DP  - 2017 Jun 09
TI  - Measures Taken to Prevent Zika Virus Infection During Pregnancy - Puerto Rico,
      2016.
PG  - 574-578
LID - 10.15585/mmwr.mm6622a2 [doi]
AB  - Zika virus infection during pregnancy remains a serious health threat in Puerto
      Rico. Infection during pregnancy can cause microcephaly, brain abnormalities, and
      other severe birth defects (1). From January 1, 2016 through March 29, 2017,
      Puerto Rico reported approximately 3,300 pregnant women with laboratory evidence 
      of possible Zika virus infection (2). There is currently no vaccine or
      intervention to prevent the adverse effects of Zika virus infection during
      pregnancy; therefore, prevention has been the focus of public health activities, 
      especially for pregnant women (3). CDC and the Puerto Rico Department of Health
      analyzed data from the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System Zika
      Postpartum Emergency Response (PRAMS-ZPER) survey conducted from August through
      December 2016 among Puerto Rico residents with a live birth. Most women (98.1%)
      reported using at least one measure to avoid mosquitos in their home environment.
      However, only 45.8% of women reported wearing mosquito repellent daily, and 11.5%
      reported wearing pants and shirts with long sleeves daily. Approximately one
      third (38.5%) reported abstaining from sex or using condoms consistently
      throughout pregnancy. Overall, 76.9% of women reported having been tested for
      Zika virus by their health care provider during the first or second trimester of 
      pregnancy. These results can be used to assess and refine Zika virus infection
      prevention messaging and interventions for pregnant women and to reinforce
      measures to promote prenatal testing for Zika.
FAU - D'Angelo, Denise V
AU  - D'Angelo DV
FAU - Salvesen von Essen, Beatriz
AU  - Salvesen von Essen B
FAU - Lamias, Mark J
AU  - Lamias MJ
FAU - Shulman, Holly
AU  - Shulman H
FAU - Hernandez-Virella, Wanda I
AU  - Hernandez-Virella WI
FAU - Taraporewalla, Aspy J
AU  - Taraporewalla AJ
FAU - Vargas, Manuel I
AU  - Vargas MI
FAU - Harrison, Leslie
AU  - Harrison L
FAU - Ellington, Sascha R
AU  - Ellington SR
FAU - Soto, Leslianne
AU  - Soto L
FAU - Williams, Tanya
AU  - Williams T
FAU - Rodriguez, Aurea
AU  - Rodriguez A
FAU - Shapiro-Mendoza, Carrie K
AU  - Shapiro-Mendoza CK
FAU - Rivera, Brenda
AU  - Rivera B
FAU - Cox, Shanna
AU  - Cox S
FAU - Pazol, Karen
AU  - Pazol K
FAU - Rice, Marion E
AU  - Rice ME
FAU - Dee, Deborah L
AU  - Dee DL
FAU - Romero, Lisa
AU  - Romero L
FAU - Lathrop, Eva
AU  - Lathrop E
FAU - Barfield, Wanda
AU  - Barfield W
FAU - Smith, Ruben A
AU  - Smith RA
FAU - Jamieson, Denise J
AU  - Jamieson DJ
FAU - Honein, Margaret A
AU  - Honein MA
FAU - Deseda, Carmen
AU  - Deseda C
FAU - Warner, Lee
AU  - Warner L
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
DEP - 20170609
PL  - United States
TA  - MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep
JT  - MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report
JID - 7802429
CRDT- 2017/06/09 06:00
AID - 10.15585/mmwr.mm6622a2 [doi]
PST - epublish
SO  - MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2017 Jun 9;66(22):574-578. doi:
      10.15585/mmwr.mm6622a2.

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