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A Practical Approach to Supratentorial Brain Malformations: What Radiologists Should Know.

Abstract For general radiologists, congenital brain malformations pose substantial challenges in terms of recognition, description, and classification. This review describes a practical approach to imaging and classifying the most common supratentorial brain malformations. It begins with a discussion of embryology and optimal imaging technique and then summarizes distinguishing imaging features for several major categories of cerebral malformation, including holoprosencephaly, gray matter heterotopia, lissencephaly/pachygyria, focal cortical dysplasia, polymicrogyria, and cobblestone malformation. The importance of identifying abnormalities in the corpus callosum and basal ganglia is also discussed, both for detection and characterization of cerebral malformations.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms
Keywords

Brain malformation

Callosal dysgenesis

Cobblestone malformation

Focal cortical dysplasia

Holoprosencephaly

Lissencephaly

Pachygyria

Polymicrogyria

Journal Title radiologic clinics of north america
Publication Year Start




PMID- 28601171
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DA  - 20170611
DCOM- 20170619
LR  - 20170619
IS  - 1557-8275 (Electronic)
IS  - 0033-8389 (Linking)
VI  - 55
IP  - 4
DP  - 2017 Jul
TI  - A Practical Approach to Supratentorial Brain Malformations: What Radiologists
      Should Know.
PG  - 609-627
LID - S0033-8389(17)30014-3 [pii]
LID - 10.1016/j.rcl.2017.02.005 [doi]
AB  - For general radiologists, congenital brain malformations pose substantial
      challenges in terms of recognition, description, and classification. This review 
      describes a practical approach to imaging and classifying the most common
      supratentorial brain malformations. It begins with a discussion of embryology and
      optimal imaging technique and then summarizes distinguishing imaging features for
      several major categories of cerebral malformation, including holoprosencephaly,
      gray matter heterotopia, lissencephaly/pachygyria, focal cortical dysplasia,
      polymicrogyria, and cobblestone malformation. The importance of identifying
      abnormalities in the corpus callosum and basal ganglia is also discussed, both
      for detection and characterization of cerebral malformations.
CI  - Copyright (c) 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
FAU - Yang, Edward
AU  - Yang E
AD  - Department of Radiology, Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 300 
      Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA. Electronic address:
      [email protected]
FAU - Chu, Winnie C W
AU  - Chu WCW
AD  - Department of Imaging and Interventional Radiology, The Chinese University of
      Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, 30-32 Ngan Shing Street, Shatin, NT, Hong
      Kong SAR, China.
FAU - Lee, Edward Y
AU  - Lee EY
AD  - Department of Radiology, Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 300 
      Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
PT  - Review
PL  - United States
TA  - Radiol Clin North Am
JT  - Radiologic clinics of North America
JID - 0123703
SB  - AIM
SB  - IM
MH  - Diagnostic Imaging/*methods
MH  - Humans
MH  - Malformations of Cortical Development/*diagnostic imaging
OTO - NOTNLM
OT  - Brain malformation
OT  - Callosal dysgenesis
OT  - Cobblestone malformation
OT  - Focal cortical dysplasia
OT  - Holoprosencephaly
OT  - Lissencephaly
OT  - Pachygyria
OT  - Polymicrogyria
EDAT- 2017/06/12 06:00
MHDA- 2017/06/20 06:00
CRDT- 2017/06/12 06:00
AID - S0033-8389(17)30014-3 [pii]
AID - 10.1016/j.rcl.2017.02.005 [doi]
PST - ppublish
SO  - Radiol Clin North Am. 2017 Jul;55(4):609-627. doi: 10.1016/j.rcl.2017.02.005.