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Assessing Passeriformes health in South Texas via select venous analytes.

Abstract The handheld point of care analyzer is a quick and feasible option to obtain hematology data from individuals. The iSTAT-1® was used to evaluate select venous blood analytes obtained via jugular venipuncture from 238 passerine birds from South Texas. These data were used to assess the health of birds in the area while taking into consideration life history (migratory or sedentary), locale, seasonality, sex, and age. We attributed increased values of pO2 and hematocrit, in addition to hemoglobin and glucose concentrations of migratory birds compared to sedentary birds as the increased need of oxygen carrying capacity and energy for long duration flights. Increased glucose and lower ionized calcium concentrations were observed in migratory birds likely based on breakdown of fat deposits in the body to fuel the muscular endurance of migration. During the hotter months of the year, birds' responses to handling were exhibited by relative respiratory acidosis. When sedentary birds sampled from South Texas were compared to a previous study from Central Texas, venous blood analytes differed by locale but were within the ranges of healthy populations. These findings lead us to conclude that sedentary avian communities can be used as ecosystem bioindicators.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms
Keywords

Avian

Biochemistry

Blood gas

Hematology

Passerine

Point-of-care

iSTAT

Journal Title comparative biochemistry and physiology. part b, biochemistry & molecular biology
Publication Year Start




PMID- 28630012
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DA  - 20170620
DCOM- 20170714
LR  - 20170714
IS  - 1879-1107 (Electronic)
IS  - 1096-4959 (Linking)
VI  - 210
DP  - 2017 Aug
TI  - Assessing Passeriformes health in South Texas via select venous analytes.
PG  - 64-71
LID - S1096-4959(17)30072-6 [pii]
LID - 10.1016/j.cbpb.2017.06.002 [doi]
AB  - The handheld point of care analyzer is a quick and feasible option to obtain
      hematology data from individuals. The iSTAT-1(R) was used to evaluate select
      venous blood analytes obtained via jugular venipuncture from 238 passerine birds 
      from South Texas. These data were used to assess the health of birds in the area 
      while taking into consideration life history (migratory or sedentary), locale,
      seasonality, sex, and age. We attributed increased values of pO2 and hematocrit, 
      in addition to hemoglobin and glucose concentrations of migratory birds compared 
      to sedentary birds as the increased need of oxygen carrying capacity and energy
      for long duration flights. Increased glucose and lower ionized calcium
      concentrations were observed in migratory birds likely based on breakdown of fat 
      deposits in the body to fuel the muscular endurance of migration. During the
      hotter months of the year, birds' responses to handling were exhibited by
      relative respiratory acidosis. When sedentary birds sampled from South Texas were
      compared to a previous study from Central Texas, venous blood analytes differed
      by locale but were within the ranges of healthy populations. These findings lead 
      us to conclude that sedentary avian communities can be used as ecosystem
      bioindicators.
CI  - Published by Elsevier Inc.
FAU - Pistone, J
AU  - Pistone J
AD  - Department of Wildlife & Fisheries Sciences, Texas A&M University, 210 Nagle
      Hall, 2258 TAMU, College Station, TX 77843, USA. Electronic address:
      [email protected]
FAU - Heatley, J J
AU  - Heatley JJ
AD  - Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine &
      Biomedical Sciences, Texas A&M University, 4474 TAMU, College Station, TX 77843, 
      USA.
FAU - Campbell, T A
AU  - Campbell TA
AD  - East Foundation, 200 Concord Plaza Drive, Suite 410, San Antonio, TX 78216, USA.
FAU - Voelker, G
AU  - Voelker G
AD  - Department of Wildlife & Fisheries Sciences, Texas A&M University, 210 Nagle
      Hall, 2258 TAMU, College Station, TX 77843, USA.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
DEP - 20170617
PL  - England
TA  - Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol
JT  - Comparative biochemistry and physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & molecular biology
JID - 9516061
RN  - 0 (Blood Glucose)
RN  - 0 (Hemoglobins)
RN  - S88TT14065 (Oxygen)
RN  - SY7Q814VUP (Calcium)
SB  - IM
MH  - Acidosis, Respiratory/*veterinary
MH  - Age Factors
MH  - Animal Migration/*physiology
MH  - Animals
MH  - Blood Glucose/*physiology
MH  - Body Fat Distribution
MH  - Calcium/blood
MH  - Computers, Handheld
MH  - Ecosystem
MH  - Female
MH  - Hematocrit
MH  - Hemoglobins/*physiology
MH  - Male
MH  - Oxygen/*physiology
MH  - Passeriformes/*blood/classification
MH  - Point-of-Care Systems
MH  - Sex Factors
MH  - Texas
OTO - NOTNLM
OT  - Avian
OT  - Biochemistry
OT  - Blood gas
OT  - Hematology
OT  - Passerine
OT  - Point-of-care
OT  - iSTAT
EDAT- 2017/06/21 06:00
MHDA- 2017/07/15 06:00
CRDT- 2017/06/21 06:00
PHST- 2017/01/25 [received]
PHST- 2017/05/07 [revised]
PHST- 2017/06/08 [accepted]
AID - S1096-4959(17)30072-6 [pii]
AID - 10.1016/j.cbpb.2017.06.002 [doi]
PST - ppublish
SO  - Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol. 2017 Aug;210:64-71. doi:
      10.1016/j.cbpb.2017.06.002. Epub 2017 Jun 17.