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Gender and age differences in social support and body mass index in adults in Greater Metropolitan Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Abstract The objective was to investigate gender and age differences in the association between dimensions of social support and body mass index (BMI) in a sample of 1,465 adults (20 to 59 years) in a population-based study in Duque de Caxias, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Anthropometry was conducted by trained evaluators and social support obtained by the Medical Outcomes Study, adapted and validated for the Brazilian population. The analyses were performed with multiple linear regressions, stratified by gender and age bracket, considering the sample's expansion factor and complex design. Obesity prevalence was 28% in women and 16.2% in men. After adjusting for confounders, a negative association was observed between social support and BMI in men 40-49 years of age, and in emotional support/information (β = -2.04), and positive social interaction (β = -2.40). There was a positive association for social support and BMI in men 50-59 years of age in emotional support/information (β = 1.84). The study indicates that social support can protect against obesity in men in some dimensions and age brackets. However, social support does not appear to be a protective factor in women.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms

Body Mass Index

Health Surveys

Interpersonal Relations

Social Support

Keywords
Journal Title cadernos de saude publica
Publication Year Start




 
PMID- 28640327
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DA  - 20170622
DCOM- 20170627
LR  - 20170627
IS  - 1678-4464 (Electronic)
IS  - 0102-311X (Linking)
VI  - 33
IP  - 5
DP  - 2017 Jun 05
TI  - [Gender and age differences in social support and body mass index in adults in
      Greater Metropolitan Rio de Janeiro, Brazil].
PG  - e00152815
LID - S0102-311X2017000505002 [pii]
LID - 10.1590/0102-311X00152815 [doi]
AB  - The objective was to investigate gender and age differences in the association
      between dimensions of social support and body mass index (BMI) in a sample of
      1,465 adults (20 to 59 years) in a population-based study in Duque de Caxias, Rio
      de Janeiro State, Brazil. Anthropometry was conducted by trained evaluators and
      social support obtained by the Medical Outcomes Study, adapted and validated for 
      the Brazilian population. The analyses were performed with multiple linear
      regressions, stratified by gender and age bracket, considering the sample's
      expansion factor and complex design. Obesity prevalence was 28% in women and
      16.2% in men. After adjusting for confounders, a negative association was
      observed between social support and BMI in men 40-49 years of age, and in
      emotional support/information (beta = -2.04), and positive social interaction
      (beta = -2.40). There was a positive association for social support and BMI in
      men 50-59 years of age in emotional support/information (beta = 1.84). The study 
      indicates that social support can protect against obesity in men in some
      dimensions and age brackets. However, social support does not appear to be a
      protective factor in women.
FAU - Franca-Santos, Debora
AU  - Franca-Santos D
AD  - Instituto de Medicina Social, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de
      Janeiro, Brasil.
FAU - Oliveira, Aldair Jose de
AU  - Oliveira AJ
AD  - Laboratorio de Dimensoes Sociais Aplicadas a Atividade Fisica e ao Esporte,
      Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, Seropedica, Brasil.
FAU - Salles-Costa, Rosana
AU  - Salles-Costa R
AD  - Instituto de Nutricao Josue de Castro, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro,
      Rio de Janeiro, Brasil.
FAU - Lopes, Claudia de Souza
AU  - Lopes CS
AD  - Instituto de Medicina Social, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de
      Janeiro, Brasil.
FAU - Sichieri, Rosely
AU  - Sichieri R
AD  - Instituto de Medicina Social, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de
      Janeiro, Brasil.
LA  - por
PT  - Journal Article
TT  - Diferencas de genero e idade no apoio social e indice de massa corporal em
      adultos na Regiao Metropolitana do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil.
DEP - 20170605
PL  - Brazil
TA  - Cad Saude Publica
JT  - Cadernos de saude publica
JID - 8901573
SB  - IM
MH  - Adult
MH  - Age Distribution
MH  - Age Factors
MH  - *Body Mass Index
MH  - Brazil/epidemiology
MH  - Female
MH  - *Health Surveys
MH  - Humans
MH  - *Interpersonal Relations
MH  - Linear Models
MH  - Male
MH  - Middle Aged
MH  - Obesity/*epidemiology/psychology
MH  - Prevalence
MH  - Sex Distribution
MH  - Sex Factors
MH  - *Social Support
MH  - Socioeconomic Factors
MH  - Young Adult
EDAT- 2017/06/24 06:00
MHDA- 2017/06/28 06:00
CRDT- 2017/06/23 06:00
PHST- 2015/09/15 [received]
PHST- 2016/07/08 [accepted]
AID - S0102-311X2017000505002 [pii]
AID - 10.1590/0102-311X00152815 [doi]
PST - epublish
SO  - Cad Saude Publica. 2017 Jun 5;33(5):e00152815. doi: 10.1590/0102-311X00152815.