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Human lagochilascariasis-A rare helminthic disease.

Abstract Lagochilascariasis is a parasitic disease caused by a helminth of the order Ascaroidea, genus Lagochilascaris that comprises 6 species, among which only Lagochilascaris minor Leiper, 1909, is implicated in the human form of the disease. It is remarkable that the majority of cases of human lagochilascariasis in the Americas have been reported in Brazil. The natural definitive hosts of this parasite seem to be wild felines and canines. Lagochilascariasis is mostly a chronic human disease that can persist for several years, in which the parasite burrows into the subcutaneous tissues of the neck, paranasal sinuses, and mastoid. L. minor exhibits remarkable ability to migrate through the tissues of its hosts, destroying even bone tissue. Fatal cases have been described in which the parasite was found in the lungs or central nervous system. Treatment is often palliative, with recurrence of lesions. This paper summarizes the main features of the disease and its etiologic agent, including prevalence, life cycle, clinical course, and treatment.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms
Keywords
Journal Title plos neglected tropical diseases
Publication Year Start




PMID- 28640884
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DA  - 20170622
DCOM- 20170714
LR  - 20170714
IS  - 1935-2735 (Electronic)
IS  - 1935-2727 (Linking)
VI  - 11
IP  - 6
DP  - 2017 Jun
TI  - Human lagochilascariasis-A rare helminthic disease.
PG  - e0005510
LID - 10.1371/journal.pntd.0005510 [doi]
AB  - Lagochilascariasis is a parasitic disease caused by a helminth of the order
      Ascaroidea, genus Lagochilascaris that comprises 6 species, among which only
      Lagochilascaris minor Leiper, 1909, is implicated in the human form of the
      disease. It is remarkable that the majority of cases of human lagochilascariasis 
      in the Americas have been reported in Brazil. The natural definitive hosts of
      this parasite seem to be wild felines and canines. Lagochilascariasis is mostly a
      chronic human disease that can persist for several years, in which the parasite
      burrows into the subcutaneous tissues of the neck, paranasal sinuses, and
      mastoid. L. minor exhibits remarkable ability to migrate through the tissues of
      its hosts, destroying even bone tissue. Fatal cases have been described in which 
      the parasite was found in the lungs or central nervous system. Treatment is often
      palliative, with recurrence of lesions. This paper summarizes the main features
      of the disease and its etiologic agent, including prevalence, life cycle,
      clinical course, and treatment.
FAU - Campos, Dulcinea Maria Barbosa
AU  - Campos DMB
AD  - Programa de Pos-Graduacao em Sociedade Tecnologia e Meio Ambiente e Curso de
      Farmacia, Centro Universitario de Anapolis-UniEVANGELICA, Anapolis, Goias,
      Brazil.
FAU - Barbosa, Alverne Passos
AU  - Barbosa AP
AD  - Instituto de Patologia Tropical e Saude Publica, Universidade Federal de Goias,
      Goiania, Goias, Brazil.
FAU - Oliveira, Jayrson Araujo de
AU  - Oliveira JA
AD  - Instituto de Ciencias Biologicas, Universidade Federal de Goias, Goiania, Goias, 
      Brazil.
FAU - Tavares, Giovana Galvao
AU  - Tavares GG
AD  - Programa de Pos-Graduacao em Sociedade Tecnologia e Meio Ambiente e Curso de
      Farmacia, Centro Universitario de Anapolis-UniEVANGELICA, Anapolis, Goias,
      Brazil.
FAU - Cravo, Pedro Vitor Lemos
AU  - Cravo PVL
AD  - Programa de Pos-Graduacao em Sociedade Tecnologia e Meio Ambiente e Curso de
      Farmacia, Centro Universitario de Anapolis-UniEVANGELICA, Anapolis, Goias,
      Brazil.
AD  - Instituto de Patologia Tropical e Saude Publica, Universidade Federal de Goias,
      Goiania, Goias, Brazil.
AD  - Instituto de Higiene e Medicina Tropical, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Lisboa,
      Portugal.
FAU - Ostermayer, Alejandro Luquetti
AU  - Ostermayer AL
AD  - Instituto de Patologia Tropical e Saude Publica, Universidade Federal de Goias,
      Goiania, Goias, Brazil.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
PT  - Review
DEP - 20170622
PL  - United States
TA  - PLoS Negl Trop Dis
JT  - PLoS neglected tropical diseases
JID - 101291488
SB  - IM
MH  - Animals
MH  - Ascaridida Infections/*parasitology/pathology
MH  - Ascaridoidea/*classification
MH  - Humans
MH  - Rare Diseases/*parasitology/pathology
PMC - PMC5480834
EDAT- 2017/06/24 06:00
MHDA- 2017/07/15 06:00
CRDT- 2017/06/23 06:00
AID - 10.1371/journal.pntd.0005510 [doi]
AID - PNTD-D-16-01458 [pii]
PST - epublish
SO  - PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2017 Jun 22;11(6):e0005510. doi:
      10.1371/journal.pntd.0005510. eCollection 2017 Jun.