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PMID- 28653970
DA  - 20170627
DCOM- 20170707
LR  - 20170707
IS  - 1944-7884 (Electronic)
IS  - 1525-4135 (Linking)
VI  - 75
IP  - 4
DP  - 2017 Aug 01
TI  - Impact of Sexual Violence Across the Lifespan on HIV Risk Behaviors Among
      Transgender Women and Cisgender People Living With HIV.
PG  - 408-416
LID - 10.1097/QAI.0000000000001423 [doi]
AB  - BACKGROUND: To examine sexual violence across the lifespan among transgender and 
      cisgender people living with HIV and its associations with recent risk behaviors.
      SETTING: Seven community-based sites serving priority populations
      disproportionately affected by HIV in the United States, including major
      metropolitan areas in the West and East Coast, as well as the suburban
      Mid-Atlantic and rural Southeastern regions. METHODS: From 2013 to 2016, baseline
      survey data were collected from participants (N = 583) of a multisite
      community-based HIV linkage to/retention in care study conducted at 7 sites
      across the United States. Adjusted mixed-effects logistic regression models with 
      random effect for site-assessed associations of sexual violence and gender
      identity with risk outcomes including condomless sex, sex trade involvement, and 
      substance use-related harms. RESULTS: One-third of participants reported a
      history of sexual violence; transgender [adjusted odds ratio (AOR) = 5.1, 95%
      confidence interval (CI): 2.6 to 10.1] and cisgender women (AOR = 3.8, 95% CI:
      2.3 to 6.4) were more likely than cisgender men to experience sexual violence.
      Sexual violence was associated with experiencing drug-related harms (AOR = 2.6,
      95% CI: 1.2 to 5.5). Transgender women were more likely than cisgender men to
      have sold sex (AOR = 9.3, 95% CI: 1.7 to 50.0). CONCLUSIONS: A history of sexual 
      violence is common among transgender and cisgender women PLWH, and it increases
      risk for drug-related harms. Transgender women are also more likely to report
      selling sex.
FAU - Smith, Laramie R
AU  - Smith LR
AD  - *Division of Global Public Health, Department of Medicine, Center on Gender
      Equity and Health, School of Social Work, San Diego State University, La Jolla,
      CA;daggerPublic Health Institute, Oakland, CA; anddouble daggerKaiser Permanente,
      Oakland, CA.
FAU - Yore, Jennifer
AU  - Yore J
FAU - Triplett, Daniel P
AU  - Triplett DP
FAU - Urada, Lianne
AU  - Urada L
FAU - Nemoto, Tooru
AU  - Nemoto T
FAU - Raj, Anita
AU  - Raj A
CN  - Kaiser Permanente Community-Based HIV Test and Treat Study Team
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
PT  - Multicenter Study
PL  - United States
TA  - J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr
JT  - Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999)
JID - 100892005
SB  - IM
SB  - X
MH  - Adult
MH  - Crime Victims/psychology
MH  - Female
MH  - HIV Infections/epidemiology/*psychology
MH  - Humans
MH  - Male
MH  - Middle Aged
MH  - Poverty Areas
MH  - *Risk-Taking
MH  - Sex Offenses/*psychology/statistics & numerical data
MH  - Sex Work/psychology/statistics & numerical data
MH  - Sexual Behavior/*psychology/statistics & numerical data
MH  - Social Support
MH  - Substance-Related Disorders/epidemiology/*psychology
MH  - Transgender Persons/*psychology/statistics & numerical data
MH  - United States/epidemiology
EDAT- 2017/06/28 06:00
MHDA- 2017/07/08 06:00
CRDT- 2017/06/28 06:00
AID - 10.1097/QAI.0000000000001423 [doi]
AID - 00126334-201708010-00005 [pii]
PST - ppublish
SO  - J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2017 Aug 1;75(4):408-416. doi: