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Analysis of nasal cytology in children and adolescents with rhinitis.

Abstract Nasal cytology in a easy-to apply method to differentiate rhinitis phenotypes from a physiopathogenic and diagnostic perspective. There are controversies about the relationship between clinical severity of rhinitis and inflammatory patterns expressed in the nasal cytology.
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Journal Title revista de la facultad de ciencias medicas (cordoba, argentina)
Publication Year Start




PMID- 28657531
OWN - NLM
STAT- In-Process
DA  - 20170628
LR  - 20170628
IS  - 1853-0605 (Electronic)
IS  - 0014-6722 (Linking)
VI  - 74
IP  - 2
DP  - 2017
TI  - [Analysis of nasal cytology in children and adolescents with rhinitis].
PG  - 126-133
AB  - BACKGROUND: Nasal cytology in a easy-to apply method to differentiate rhinitis
      phenotypes from a physiopathogenic and diagnostic perspective. There are
      controversies about the relationship between clinical severity of rhinitis and
      inflammatory patterns expressed in the nasal cytology. OBJECTIVES: To study the
      characteristic of the eosinophil and neutrophil patterns in the nasal scraping
      for Allergic Rhinitis (AR) and Non Allergic Rhinitis (NAR) and its relationship
      with the clinical grades of rhinitis established by the Allergic Rhinitis and its
      Impact on Asthama Guideline (ARIA) Methods: In a observational, cross-sectional
      study we included patients aged 5 to 18 years presenting symptoms of either
      allergic (AR) or non- allergic rinitis (NAR) without asthma. Cytology was
      performed by analyzing nasal scraping obtained from the mucosal surface of the
      inferior turbinate and samples were stained using thr hematoxylin and eosin stain
      procedure. Inflammatory patterns between AR and NAR and between clinical grades
      of rhinitis classified by ARIA guide were compared. RESULTS: A total of 231
      patients were included. Patients with AR exhibited higher percentage of
      eosinophils in nasal cytology than those with NAR (p = 0.0012) but no differences
      were observed in neutrophil count (p = 0.4011). No differences in the percentage 
      of eosinophils and neutrophils between different grades of AR (p = 0.7342 and p =
      0.0797 respectively) and NAR (p = 0.1010 and p = 0.1422 respectively) were
      observed. CONCLUSION: Eosinophil count in the nasal cytology was useful to
      differentiate rhinitis with a positive allergen skin test from rhinitis with
      negative skin test, but as neutrophils count, does not help to distinguish
      clinical grades of AR and NAR as classified by ARIA.
FAU - Lozano, Natalia A
AU  - Lozano NA
AD  - Universidad Catolica de Cordoba. Clinica Universitaria Reina Fabiola, Servicio de
      Alergia e Inmunologia. Facultad de Medicina, Catedra de Inmunologia.
FAU - Saranz, Ricardo J
AU  - Saranz RJ
AD  - Universidad Catolica de Cordoba. Clinica Universitaria Reina Fabiola, Servicio de
      Alergia e Inmunologia. Facultad de Medicina, Catedra de Inmunologia.
FAU - Lozano, Alejandro
AU  - Lozano A
AD  - Universidad Catolica de Cordoba. Clinica Universitaria Reina Fabiola, Servicio de
      Alergia e Inmunologia. Facultad de Medicina, Catedra de Inmunologia.
FAU - Bovina Martijena, Maria Del Pilar
AU  - Bovina Martijena MDP
AD  - Universidad Catolica de Cordoba. Clinica Universitaria Reina Fabiola, Servicio de
      Alergia e Inmunologia. Facultad de Medicina, Catedra de Inmunologia.
FAU - Ramirez, Maximiliano
AU  - Ramirez M
AD  - Universidad Catolica de Cordoba. Facultad de Medicina. Catedra de Histologia II y
      Anatomia Patologica y Fisiopatologia.
FAU - Ponzio, Marina F
AU  - Ponzio MF
AD  - INICSA-CONICET, Universidad Nacional de Cordoba, Facultad de Ciencias Medicas.
FAU - Berardi, Yanina V
AU  - Berardi YV
AD  - Universidad Catolica de Cordoba. Clinica Universitaria Reina Fabiola, Servicio de
      Alergia e Inmunologia. Facultad de Medicina, Catedra de Inmunologia.
FAU - Sosa, Ana G
AU  - Sosa AG
AD  - Universidad Catolica de Cordoba. Clinica Universitaria Reina Fabiola, Servicio de
      Alergia e Inmunologia. Facultad de Medicina, Catedra de Inmunologia.
FAU - Concari, Eugenia
AU  - Concari E
AD  - Universidad Catolica de Cordoba. Clinica Universitaria Reina Fabiola, Servicio de
      Alergia e Inmunologia. Facultad de Medicina, Catedra de Inmunologia.
LA  - spa
PT  - English Abstract
PT  - Journal Article
TT  - Analisis de la citologia nasal en ninos y adolescentes con rinitis.
PL  - Argentina
TA  - Rev Fac Cien Med Univ Nac Cordoba
JT  - Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias Medicas (Cordoba, Argentina)
JID - 8303003
EDAT- 2017/06/29 06:00
MHDA- 2017/06/29 06:00
CRDT- 2017/06/29 06:00
PST - ppublish
SO  - Rev Fac Cien Med Univ Nac Cordoba. 2017;74(2):126-133.

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