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Knowledge of parents from urban and rural areas vs. prevention methods of hearing loss threats seen as challenges for public health.

Abstract [b]Introduction.[/b] Parents as day-to-day caregivers looking after their children's health and upbringing are crucial in the process of hearing loss prevention among the young. The aim of the study was to assess the parents' knowledge and awareness of hazards bringing about hearing loss, possibilities to prevent this, as well as their reaction in the case of problems of their children with hearing. [b]Material and methods. [/b]The research group comprised respondents (402 persons), medical or paramedical professionals. None of the surveyed was a doctor. 56% of the surveyed were inhabitants of large cities, 24% of small towns, and 20% of village, mostly located in the area of Greater Poland (Wielkopolska) (97%). To perform the research a survey was devised. GSES scale was applied as an accessory tool. [b]Results. [/b]The subjects surveyed posses a great deal of knowledge concerning basic conditions that could adversely affect the hearing of children. Village inhabitants are half as afraid of hearing loss hazards as the inhabitants of large cities. More than 40% of the respondents claimed they do nothing to counteract their children's overexposure to noise. In 48.5% of cases, GPs had not drawn parents' attention to possible complications resulting from upper respiratory tract infections in children. Parents know where they should go to in case their children develop hearing problems or sudden hearing loss. [b]Conclusions.[/b] Knowledge and awareness of factors that may trigger hearing loss is not synonymous with avoidance of the problem. Main components of hearing loss prevention among children and youths should be administrative actions, extensive education, and proper childcare at home.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms

Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice

Keywords

children

hearing protection

public health

Journal Title annals of agricultural and environmental medicine : aaem
Publication Year Start




PMID- 28664686
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DA  - 20170630
DCOM- 20170710
LR  - 20170713
IS  - 1898-2263 (Electronic)
IS  - 1232-1966 (Linking)
VI  - 24
IP  - 2
DP  - 2017 May 11
TI  - Knowledge of parents from urban and rural areas vs. prevention methods of hearing
      loss threats seen as challenges for public health.
PG  - 157-161
LID - 72563 [pii]
LID - 10.5604/12321966.1227650 [doi]
AB  - [b]Introduction.[/b] Parents as day-to-day caregivers looking after their
      children's health and upbringing are crucial in the process of hearing loss
      prevention among the young. The aim of the study was to assess the parents'
      knowledge and awareness of hazards bringing about hearing loss, possibilities to 
      prevent this, as well as their reaction in the case of problems of their children
      with hearing. [b]Material and methods. [/b]The research group comprised
      respondents (402 persons), medical or paramedical professionals. None of the
      surveyed was a doctor. 56% of the surveyed were inhabitants of large cities, 24% 
      of small towns, and 20% of village, mostly located in the area of Greater Poland 
      (Wielkopolska) (97%). To perform the research a survey was devised. GSES scale
      was applied as an accessory tool. [b]Results. [/b]The subjects surveyed posses a 
      great deal of knowledge concerning basic conditions that could adversely affect
      the hearing of children. Village inhabitants are half as afraid of hearing loss
      hazards as the inhabitants of large cities. More than 40% of the respondents
      claimed they do nothing to counteract their children's overexposure to noise. In 
      48.5% of cases, GPs had not drawn parents' attention to possible complications
      resulting from upper respiratory tract infections in children. Parents know where
      they should go to in case their children develop hearing problems or sudden
      hearing loss. [b]Conclusions.[/b] Knowledge and awareness of factors that may
      trigger hearing loss is not synonymous with avoidance of the problem. Main
      components of hearing loss prevention among children and youths should be
      administrative actions, extensive education, and proper childcare at home.
FAU - Glowacka, Maria Danuta
AU  - Glowacka MD
AD  - Department of Organisation and Management in Healthcare, Poznan University of
      Medical Sciences, Poland.
FAU - Swidzinski, Piotr
AU  - Swidzinski P
AD  - Phoniatry and Audiology Department, Poznan University of Medical Sciences,
      Poland.
FAU - Frankowska, Anna
AU  - Frankowska A
AD  - Department of Organisation and Management in Healthcare, Poznan University of
      Medical Sciences, Poland.
FAU - Bajurna, Beata
AU  - Bajurna B
AD  - Department of Organisation and Management in Healthcare, Poznan University of
      Medical Sciences, Poland.
FAU - Marcinkowski, Jerzy
AU  - Marcinkowski J
AD  - Department of Social Medicine, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poland.
FAU - Mojs, Ewa
AU  - Mojs E
AD  - Department of Clinical Psychology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poland.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
PL  - Poland
TA  - Ann Agric Environ Med
JT  - Annals of agricultural and environmental medicine : AAEM
JID - 9500166
SB  - IM
MH  - Adolescent
MH  - Adult
MH  - Child
MH  - Child, Preschool
MH  - Female
MH  - *Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
MH  - Hearing Loss/*prevention & control/psychology
MH  - Humans
MH  - Middle Aged
MH  - Parents/psychology
MH  - Poland
MH  - Public Health/statistics & numerical data
MH  - Rural Population/statistics & numerical data
MH  - Urban Health/statistics & numerical data
MH  - Young Adult
OTO - NOTNLM
OT  - children
OT  - hearing protection
OT  - public health
EDAT- 2017/07/01 06:00
MHDA- 2017/07/14 06:00
CRDT- 2017/07/01 06:00
AID - 72563 [pii]
AID - 10.5604/12321966.1227650 [doi]
PST - ppublish
SO  - Ann Agric Environ Med. 2017 May 11;24(2):157-161. doi: 10.5604/12321966.1227650.