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Assessment of knowledge on cardiovascular disease risk factors by postal survey in residents of Małopolska Voivodeship. Małopolska CArdiovascular PReventive Intervention Study (M-CAPRI).

Abstract [b]Introduction.[/b] Education is a key tool in the prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Education programmes require monitoring of their effectiveness. [b]Objectives. [/b]1) to introduce postal screening for the assessment of knowledge on CVD risk factors (RFs) for the Polish population, 2) to assess this knowledge in adult residents of Małopolska Voivodeship, and 3) to assess whether knowledge on RFs is related to age, gender, place of residence, level of education and family history of CVD. [b]Materials and method.[/b] Anonymous questionnaires were posted to a random sample of 5,000 residents of Małopolska Voivodeship in Poland. Results were presented as proportions of participants who listed RFs correctly. A series of multiple logistic regression models was used to assess the associations of knowledge on RFs with the potential determinants. [b]Results.[/b] 1,126 completed questionnaires were returned. Over 35% of respondents could not list a single RF and 14 % listed only 1-2 RFs. About 40% named 3-5 and only 12% listed 6 or more RFs. About a half of the respondents listed incorrectly from 1-8 characteristics as being associated with higher risk of CVD. In the multivariate analysis, knowledge on RFs was not significantly associated with age. Level of education was the strongest determinant of knowledge. Male rural and small town residents had less knowledge, whereas women with a family history of CVD had more knowledge on some CVD RFs. [b]Conclusions.[/b] Using a postal questionnaire for the assessment of knowledge of CVD RFs in the population of Małopolska Voivodeship appeared to have serious limitations due to low participation in the study. Despite this, the results of the study indicate that knowledge on CVD RFs is insufficient. Female gender and higher education were related to more prevalent knowledge on RFs. Family history of CVD was related to better knowledge in women only. Male residents of rural areas and small towns had slightly less knowledge on CVD RFs.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms

Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice

Keywords

cardiovascular disease

health knowledge

postal survey

risk factors

Journal Title annals of agricultural and environmental medicine : aaem
Publication Year Start




PMID- 28664694
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DA  - 20170630
DCOM- 20170710
LR  - 20170713
IS  - 1898-2263 (Electronic)
IS  - 1232-1966 (Linking)
VI  - 24
IP  - 2
DP  - 2017 May 11
TI  - Assessment of knowledge on cardiovascular disease risk factors by postal survey
      in residents of Malopolska Voivodeship. Malopolska CArdiovascular PReventive
      Intervention Study (M-CAPRI).
PG  - 201-206
LID - 72570 [pii]
LID - 10.5604/12321966.1228400 [doi]
AB  - [b]Introduction.[/b] Education is a key tool in the prevention of cardiovascular 
      disease (CVD). Education programmes require monitoring of their effectiveness.
      [b]Objectives. [/b]1) to introduce postal screening for the assessment of
      knowledge on CVD risk factors (RFs) for the Polish population, 2) to assess this 
      knowledge in adult residents of Malopolska Voivodeship, and 3) to assess whether 
      knowledge on RFs is related to age, gender, place of residence, level of
      education and family history of CVD. [b]Materials and method.[/b] Anonymous
      questionnaires were posted to a random sample of 5,000 residents of Malopolska
      Voivodeship in Poland. Results were presented as proportions of participants who 
      listed RFs correctly. A series of multiple logistic regression models was used to
      assess the associations of knowledge on RFs with the potential determinants.
      [b]Results.[/b] 1,126 completed questionnaires were returned. Over 35% of
      respondents could not list a single RF and 14 % listed only 1-2 RFs. About 40%
      named 3-5 and only 12% listed 6 or more RFs. About a half of the respondents
      listed incorrectly from 1-8 characteristics as being associated with higher risk 
      of CVD. In the multivariate analysis, knowledge on RFs was not significantly
      associated with age. Level of education was the strongest determinant of
      knowledge. Male rural and small town residents had less knowledge, whereas women 
      with a family history of CVD had more knowledge on some CVD RFs.
      [b]Conclusions.[/b] Using a postal questionnaire for the assessment of knowledge 
      of CVD RFs in the population of Malopolska Voivodeship appeared to have serious
      limitations due to low participation in the study. Despite this, the results of
      the study indicate that knowledge on CVD RFs is insufficient. Female gender and
      higher education were related to more prevalent knowledge on RFs. Family history 
      of CVD was related to better knowledge in women only. Male residents of rural
      areas and small towns had slightly less knowledge on CVD RFs.
FAU - Wasniowska, Anna
AU  - Wasniowska A
AD  - Department of Diagnostics, John Paul II Hospital, Krakow, Poland.
FAU - Kopec, Grzegorz
AU  - Kopec G
AD  - Department of Cardiac and Vascular Diseases, Institute of Cardiology,
      Jagiellonian University Medical College, John Paul II Hospital, Krakow, Poland.
FAU - Szafraniec, Krystyna
AU  - Szafraniec K
AD  - Department of Epidemiology and Population Studies, Institute of Public Health,
      Faculty of Health Sciences, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow,
      Poland.
FAU - Misiowiec, Witoslawa
AU  - Misiowiec W
AD  - Department of Epidemiology and Population Studies, Institute of Public Health,
      Faculty of Health Sciences, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow,
      Poland.
FAU - Waligora, Marcin
AU  - Waligora M
AD  - Department of Cardiac and Vascular Diseases, Institute of Cardiology,
      Jagiellonian University Medical College, John Paul II Hospital, Krakow, Poland.
FAU - Brozda, Mateusz
AU  - Brozda M
AD  - Department of Cardiac and Vascular Diseases, Institute of Cardiology,
      Jagiellonian University Medical College, John Paul II Hospital, Krakow, Poland.
FAU - Sarnecka, Agnieszka
AU  - Sarnecka A
AD  - Department of Cardiac and Vascular Diseases, Institute of Cardiology,
      Jagiellonian University Medical College, John Paul II Hospital, Krakow, Poland.
FAU - Podolec, Jakub
AU  - Podolec J
AD  - Department of Interventional Cardiology, Institute of Cardiology, Jagiellonian
      University Medical College, John Paul II Hospital, Krakow, Poland.
FAU - Orzel-Nowak, Anita
AU  - Orzel-Nowak A
AD  - Instytute of Nursing and Midwifery, Faculty of Health Sciences, Jagiellonian
      University Medical College, Krakow, Poland.
FAU - Pajak, Andrzej
AU  - Pajak A
AD  - Department of Cardiac and Vascular Diseases, Institute of Cardiology,
      Jagiellonian University Medical College, John Paul II Hospital, Krakow, Poland.
FAU - Podolec, Piotr
AU  - Podolec P
AD  - Department of Epidemiology and Population Studies, Institute of Public Health,
      Faculty of Health Sciences, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow,
      Poland.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
PL  - Poland
TA  - Ann Agric Environ Med
JT  - Annals of agricultural and environmental medicine : AAEM
JID - 9500166
SB  - IM
MH  - Adult
MH  - Aged
MH  - Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology/*prevention & control/psychology
MH  - Female
MH  - *Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
MH  - Humans
MH  - Male
MH  - Middle Aged
MH  - Poland
MH  - Risk Factors
MH  - Surveys and Questionnaires
MH  - Young Adult
OTO - NOTNLM
OT  - cardiovascular disease
OT  - health knowledge
OT  - postal survey
OT  - risk factors
EDAT- 2017/07/01 06:00
MHDA- 2017/07/14 06:00
CRDT- 2017/07/01 06:00
AID - 72570 [pii]
AID - 10.5604/12321966.1228400 [doi]
PST - ppublish
SO  - Ann Agric Environ Med. 2017 May 11;24(2):201-206. doi: 10.5604/12321966.1228400.