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The quality of life of farmers with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

Abstract <b>Introduction and objective.</b> COPD is a medical state characterized by chronically poor airflow, and typically worsens over time. Farmers have an increased risk of COPD because of being exposed to ammonia, hydrogen sulfide, inorganic dust, and organic dust. The quality of life of the ill depends on biomedical as well as psychosocial factors, the impact of which has not been a frequent subject of studies among COPD patients. The aim of the study was to indicate the factors that have negative and positive influence on the quality of life of farmers suffering from COPD. <b>Materials and method.</b> The study was conducted among 84 farmers treated for COPD in the Department of Pneumology, Oncology and Allergology of the Medical University in Lublin, Poland. The differences between the farmers concerned: severity of the disease, level of education and income, frequency of smoking tobacco and drinking alcohol, kinds of support they receive from their families, and the level of depression and anxiety experienced by the patients. <b>Results.</b> The study revealed that most patients suffered from depressive and anxiety disorders, and the level of depression higher among the patients who smoked more. Lack of family support had significant influence on exacerbation of the patient's depressive and anxiety symptoms. Patients who had recently experienced a critical situation presented with more severe COPD symptoms, lower quality of life and a higher level of depression. Higher income of the patients had positive influence on their quality of life. Farmers addicted to alcohol suffered from a higher level of anxiety.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms
Keywords

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

Life Quality

emotional and behavioural difficulties

farmers

Journal Title annals of agricultural and environmental medicine : aaem
Publication Year Start




PMID- 28664709
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DA  - 20170630
DCOM- 20170710
LR  - 20170713
IS  - 1898-2263 (Electronic)
IS  - 1232-1966 (Linking)
VI  - 24
IP  - 2
DP  - 2017 Jun 09
TI  - The quality of life of farmers with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
PG  - 283-287
LID - 74651 [pii]
AB  - &lt;b&gt;Introduction and objective.&lt;/b&gt; COPD is a medical state characterized by
      chronically poor airflow, and typically worsens over time. Farmers have an
      increased risk of COPD because of being exposed to ammonia, hydrogen sulfide,
      inorganic dust, and organic dust. The quality of life of the ill depends on
      biomedical as well as psychosocial factors, the impact of which has not been a
      frequent subject of studies among COPD patients. The aim of the study was to
      indicate the factors that have negative and positive influence on the quality of 
      life of farmers suffering from COPD. &lt;b&gt;Materials and method.&lt;/b&gt; The study was
      conducted among 84 farmers treated for COPD in the Department of Pneumology,
      Oncology and Allergology of the Medical University in Lublin, Poland. The
      differences between the farmers concerned: severity of the disease, level of
      education and income, frequency of smoking tobacco and drinking alcohol, kinds of
      support they receive from their families, and the level of depression and anxiety
      experienced by the patients. &lt;b&gt;Results.&lt;/b&gt; The study revealed that most
      patients suffered from depressive and anxiety disorders, and the level of
      depression higher among the patients who smoked more. Lack of family support had 
      significant influence on exacerbation of the patient's depressive and anxiety
      symptoms. Patients who had recently experienced a critical situation presented
      with more severe COPD symptoms, lower quality of life and a higher level of
      depression. Higher income of the patients had positive influence on their quality
      of life. Farmers addicted to alcohol suffered from a higher level of anxiety.
FAU - Milanowska, Joanna
AU  - Milanowska J
AD  - Department of Applied Psychology, Medical University of Lublin, Poland.
      [email protected]
FAU - Mackiewicz, Barbara
AU  - Mackiewicz B
AD  - Chair and Department of Pneumology, Oncology and Allergology, Medical University 
      of Lublin, Poland.
FAU - Wegorowski, Pawel
AU  - Wegorowski P
AD  - Department of Oncology, Medical University of Lublin, Poland.
FAU - Milanowski, Janusz
AU  - Milanowski J
AD  - Chair and Department of Pneumology, Oncology and Allergology, Medical University 
      of Lublin, Poland.
FAU - Milanowski, Piotr
AU  - Milanowski P
AD  - Department of Diagnostic and Minisurgery of Glaucoma, Mesical University of
      Lublin, Poland.
FAU - Makara-Studzinska, Marta
AU  - Makara-Studzinska M
AD  - Department of Health Psychology, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Cracow,
      Poland.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
DEP - 20170609
PL  - Poland
TA  - Ann Agric Environ Med
JT  - Annals of agricultural and environmental medicine : AAEM
JID - 9500166
SB  - IM
MH  - Adult
MH  - Aged
MH  - Aged, 80 and over
MH  - Agricultural Workers' Diseases/*psychology
MH  - Farmers/psychology
MH  - Female
MH  - Humans
MH  - Male
MH  - Middle Aged
MH  - Poland
MH  - Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/*psychology
MH  - Quality of Life
OTO - NOTNLM
OT  - Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
OT  - Life Quality
OT  - emotional and behavioural difficulties
OT  - farmers
EDAT- 2017/07/01 06:00
MHDA- 2017/07/14 06:00
CRDT- 2017/07/01 06:00
AID - 74651 [pii]
PST - ppublish
SO  - Ann Agric Environ Med. 2017 Jun 9;24(2):283-287. Epub 2017 Jun 9.