PubTransformer

A site to transform Pubmed publications into these bibliographic reference formats: ADS, BibTeX, EndNote, ISI used by the Web of Knowledge, RIS, MEDLINE, Microsoft's Word 2007 XML.

Monitoring risk behaviour in adolescent pupils regarding consumption of psychoactive substances.

Abstract <b>Introduction.</b> Taking psychoactive substances constitutes a significant problem for Public Health, particularly in preventing drug abuse and addiction. <b>Objectives.</b> To estimate the amount and incidence of drug consumption in middle and high school pupils, including the circumstances in which drug taking first started, and to determine pupils' knowledge about the consequences of taking psychoactive substances and designer drugs (DDs). <b>Materials and methods</b>. A randomised study was conducted throughout Poland on 9,360 pupils attending middle school (junior high school) in 2009 and 7,971 pupils from middle and high school pupils in 2011. The survey consisted of a questionnaire devised by the Chief Sanitary Inspectorate (GIS) and the replies obtained were subject to the relevant statistical analyses. <b>Results.</b> Drug taking was found to have increased between 2009-2011, especially among those attending high school; proportionally rising from 4% - 11%. The numbers who had ever taken designer drugs were 3% for middle school pupils and 4% from high school. <b>Conclusions</b>. 1) Adolescent drug consumption has increased, particularly in those of older age and in boys. 2) Despite the only brief interval for which designer drugs were legal, they have gained high popularity among the young. 3) Adolescents have insufficient knowledge about the dangers of using DDs. 4) Faced with the growing threat of a dynamic designer drug market, appropriate counter-measures in education and prevention are therefore necessary.
PMID
Related Publications

Kraków secondary school students and contemporary threats to human health such as alcoholism and drug addiction.

Risk factors of early sexual initiation.

Alcohol and other psychoactive substances addiction risk assessment among chosen high school students test group.

Alcohol consumption in Polish middle and high school pupils--has this rapidly increased during 2009-11?

Determining the scale of designer drugs (DD) abuse and risk to public health in Poland through an epidemiological study in adolescents.

Authors

Mayor MeshTerms

Risk-Taking

Keywords

adolescents/youth

designer drugs (DDs)/legal highs

drugs/narcotics

Journal Title annals of agricultural and environmental medicine : aaem
Publication Year Start




PMID- 28664722
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DA  - 20170630
DCOM- 20170710
LR  - 20170713
IS  - 1898-2263 (Electronic)
IS  - 1232-1966 (Linking)
VI  - 24
IP  - 2
DP  - 2017 Jun 06
TI  - Monitoring risk behaviour in adolescent pupils regarding consumption of
      psychoactive substances.
PG  - 350-355
LID - 74449 [pii]
AB  - &lt;b&gt;Introduction.&lt;/b&gt; Taking psychoactive substances constitutes a significant
      problem for Public Health, particularly in preventing drug abuse and addiction.
      &lt;b&gt;Objectives.&lt;/b&gt; To estimate the amount and incidence of drug consumption in
      middle and high school pupils, including the circumstances in which drug taking
      first started, and to determine pupils' knowledge about the consequences of
      taking psychoactive substances and designer drugs (DDs). &lt;b&gt;Materials and
      methods&lt;/b&gt;. A randomised study was conducted throughout Poland on 9,360 pupils
      attending middle school (junior high school) in 2009 and 7,971 pupils from middle
      and high school pupils in 2011. The survey consisted of a questionnaire devised
      by the Chief Sanitary Inspectorate (GIS) and the replies obtained were subject to
      the relevant statistical analyses. &lt;b&gt;Results.&lt;/b&gt; Drug taking was found to have 
      increased between 2009-2011, especially among those attending high school;
      proportionally rising from 4% - 11%. The numbers who had ever taken designer
      drugs were 3% for middle school pupils and 4% from high school.
      &lt;b&gt;Conclusions&lt;/b&gt;. 1) Adolescent drug consumption has increased, particularly in
      those of older age and in boys. 2) Despite the only brief interval for which
      designer drugs were legal, they have gained high popularity among the young. 3)
      Adolescents have insufficient knowledge about the dangers of using DDs. 4) Faced 
      with the growing threat of a dynamic designer drug market, appropriate
      counter-measures in education and prevention are therefore necessary.
FAU - Wojtyla-Buciora, Paulina
AU  - Wojtyla-Buciora P
AD  - Department of Physiology, University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland.
FAU - Klimberg, Aneta
AU  - Klimberg A
AD  - Department of Hygiene, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland.
FAU - Kapka-Skrzypczak, Lucyna
AU  - Kapka-Skrzypczak L
AD  - Department of Molecular Biology and Translational Research, Institute of Rural
      Health, Lublin, Poland. [email protected]
FAU - Diatczyk, Jaroslaw
AU  - Diatczyk J
AD  - Institute of Electrical Engineering and Electrotechnologies, Faculty of
      Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Lublin University of Technology,
      Poland.
FAU - Urbaniak, Monika
AU  - Urbaniak M
AD  - Chair and Department of Facility Management Organizations in Health Care,
      University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland.
FAU - Ulatowska-Szostak, Ewa
AU  - Ulatowska-Szostak E
AD  - Department of Hygiene, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland.
FAU - Boldowski, Tomasz
AU  - Boldowski T
AD  - Department of Emergency Medicine, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, 
      Poland.
FAU - Wojtyla, Andrzej
AU  - Wojtyla A
AD  - Higher Vocational State School, Kalisz, Poland.
FAU - Marcinkowski, Jerzy T
AU  - Marcinkowski JT
AD  - Department of Hygiene, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
DEP - 20170206
PL  - Poland
TA  - Ann Agric Environ Med
JT  - Annals of agricultural and environmental medicine : AAEM
JID - 9500166
RN  - 0 (Psychotropic Drugs)
SB  - IM
MH  - Adolescent
MH  - Adolescent Behavior
MH  - Child
MH  - Female
MH  - Humans
MH  - Male
MH  - Poland/epidemiology
MH  - Psychotropic Drugs/*adverse effects/metabolism
MH  - *Risk-Taking
MH  - Students/psychology
MH  - Substance-Related Disorders/epidemiology/metabolism/*psychology
OTO - NOTNLM
OT  - adolescents/youth
OT  - designer drugs (DDs)/legal highs
OT  - drugs/narcotics
EDAT- 2017/07/01 06:00
MHDA- 2017/07/14 06:00
CRDT- 2017/07/01 06:00
AID - 74449 [pii]
PST - ppublish
SO  - Ann Agric Environ Med. 2017 Jun 6;24(2):350-355. Epub 2017 Feb 6.