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Analysis of prevalence of self-reported hearing loss and associated factors: primary versus proxy informant.

Abstract The objective was to evaluate differences between prevalence rates for self-reported hearing loss and associated factors, obtained from responses by primary and proxy informants in a Population-Based Study on Human Communication Disorders (DCH-POP in Portuguese). This was a study on epidemiological methods using data from a cross-sectional household survey with a sample of 1,253 individuals from Southern Brazil. To verify differences between prevalence rates comparing primary informants and proxy informants, we used the chi-square or Fisher's exact test for categorical variables and Mann-Whitney for continuous variables. The log-binomial model was adjusted for hearing loss as the dependent variable, considering three datasets: the entire sample, only primary informants, and only proxy informants, estimating association by prevalence ratios. In the final models, only the independent variables age and dizziness were associated with hearing loss, independently of the dataset that was used. Proxy informants generally underestimated the prevalence rates for the target outcomes, when compared to primary informants.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms

Self Report

Keywords
Journal Title cadernos de saude publica
Publication Year Start




PMID- 28678941
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DA  - 20170705
DCOM- 20170726
LR  - 20170726
IS  - 1678-4464 (Electronic)
IS  - 0102-311X (Linking)
VI  - 33
IP  - 6
DP  - 2017 Jul 03
TI  - [Analysis of prevalence of self-reported hearing loss and associated factors:
      primary versus proxy informant].
PG  - e0076216
LID - S0102-311X2017000605006 [pii]
LID - 10.1590/0102-311X00076216 [doi]
AB  - The objective was to evaluate differences between prevalence rates for
      self-reported hearing loss and associated factors, obtained from responses by
      primary and proxy informants in a Population-Based Study on Human Communication
      Disorders (DCH-POP in Portuguese). This was a study on epidemiological methods
      using data from a cross-sectional household survey with a sample of 1,253
      individuals from Southern Brazil. To verify differences between prevalence rates 
      comparing primary informants and proxy informants, we used the chi-square or
      Fisher's exact test for categorical variables and Mann-Whitney for continuous
      variables. The log-binomial model was adjusted for hearing loss as the dependent 
      variable, considering three datasets: the entire sample, only primary informants,
      and only proxy informants, estimating association by prevalence ratios. In the
      final models, only the independent variables age and dizziness were associated
      with hearing loss, independently of the dataset that was used. Proxy informants
      generally underestimated the prevalence rates for the target outcomes, when
      compared to primary informants.
FAU - Quevedo, Andre Luis Alves de
AU  - Quevedo ALA
AD  - Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brasil.
FAU - Leotti, Vanessa Bielefeldt
AU  - Leotti VB
AD  - Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brasil.
FAU - Goulart, Barbara Niegia Garcia de
AU  - Goulart BNG
AD  - Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brasil.
LA  - por
PT  - Comparative Study
PT  - Journal Article
TT  - Analise da prevalencia de perda auditiva autodeclarada e fatores associados:
      informante primario versus proxy.
DEP - 20170703
PL  - Brazil
TA  - Cad Saude Publica
JT  - Cadernos de saude publica
JID - 8901573
SB  - IM
MH  - Adolescent
MH  - Adult
MH  - Brazil/epidemiology
MH  - Child
MH  - Child, Preschool
MH  - Cross-Sectional Studies
MH  - Female
MH  - Hearing Loss/*diagnosis/*epidemiology
MH  - Humans
MH  - Infant
MH  - Male
MH  - Middle Aged
MH  - Prevalence
MH  - Proxy/*statistics & numerical data
MH  - Risk Factors
MH  - *Self Report
MH  - Socioeconomic Factors
MH  - Surveys and Questionnaires
MH  - Young Adult
EDAT- 2017/07/06 06:00
MHDA- 2017/07/27 06:00
CRDT- 2017/07/06 06:00
PHST- 2016/05/04 [received]
PHST- 2016/07/28 [accepted]
AID - S0102-311X2017000605006 [pii]
AID - 10.1590/0102-311X00076216 [doi]
PST - epublish
SO  - Cad Saude Publica. 2017 Jul 3;33(6):e0076216. doi: 10.1590/0102-311X00076216.