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Two Outbreaks of Trichinellosis Linked to Consumption of Walrus Meat - Alaska, 2016-2017.

Abstract During 1975-2012, CDC surveillance identified 1,680 trichinellosis cases in the United States with implicated food items; among these cases, 1,219 were attributed to consumption of raw or pork products, and 461 were attributed to nonpork products. Although trichinellosis in the United States has historically been associated with consumption of pork, multiple nonporcine species of wild game also are competent hosts for Trichinella spp. and have been collectively implicated in the majority of trichinellosis cases since the late 1990s (1-4) (Figure 1). During July 2016-May 2017, the Alaska Division of Public Health (ADPH) investigated two outbreaks of trichinellosis in the Norton Sound region associated with consumption of raw or undercooked walrus (Odobenus rosmarus) meat; five cases were identified in each of the two outbreaks. These were the first multiple-case outbreaks of walrus-associated trichinellosis in Alaska since 1992 (Figure 2). Health care providers should inquire about consumption of commercially prepared and personally harvested meats when evaluating suspected trichinellosis cases, especially in areas where consumption of wild game is commonplace.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms

Disease Outbreaks

Food Parasitology

Keywords
Journal Title mmwr. morbidity and mortality weekly report
Publication Year Start




PMID- 28683055
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DA  - 20170706
DCOM- 20170710
LR  - 20170713
IS  - 1545-861X (Electronic)
IS  - 0149-2195 (Linking)
VI  - 66
IP  - 26
DP  - 2017 Jul 07
TI  - Two Outbreaks of Trichinellosis Linked to Consumption of Walrus Meat - Alaska,
      2016-2017.
PG  - 692-696
LID - 10.15585/mmwr.mm6626a3 [doi]
AB  - During 1975-2012, CDC surveillance identified 1,680 trichinellosis cases in the
      United States with implicated food items; among these cases, 1,219 were
      attributed to consumption of raw or pork products, and 461 were attributed to
      nonpork products. Although trichinellosis in the United States has historically
      been associated with consumption of pork, multiple nonporcine species of wild
      game also are competent hosts for Trichinella spp. and have been collectively
      implicated in the majority of trichinellosis cases since the late 1990s (1-4)
      (Figure 1). During July 2016-May 2017, the Alaska Division of Public Health
      (ADPH) investigated two outbreaks of trichinellosis in the Norton Sound region
      associated with consumption of raw or undercooked walrus (Odobenus rosmarus)
      meat; five cases were identified in each of the two outbreaks. These were the
      first multiple-case outbreaks of walrus-associated trichinellosis in Alaska since
      1992 (Figure 2). Health care providers should inquire about consumption of
      commercially prepared and personally harvested meats when evaluating suspected
      trichinellosis cases, especially in areas where consumption of wild game is
      commonplace.
FAU - Springer, Yuri P
AU  - Springer YP
FAU - Casillas, Shannon
AU  - Casillas S
FAU - Helfrich, Kathryn
AU  - Helfrich K
FAU - Mocan, Deanna
AU  - Mocan D
FAU - Smith, Marscleite
AU  - Smith M
FAU - Arriaga, Gabriela
AU  - Arriaga G
FAU - Mixson, Lyndsey
AU  - Mixson L
FAU - Castrodale, Louisa
AU  - Castrodale L
FAU - McLaughlin, Joseph
AU  - McLaughlin J
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
DEP - 20170707
PL  - United States
TA  - MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep
JT  - MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report
JID - 7802429
SB  - IM
MH  - Adolescent
MH  - Adult
MH  - Alaska/epidemiology
MH  - Animals
MH  - *Disease Outbreaks
MH  - Female
MH  - *Food Parasitology
MH  - Humans
MH  - Male
MH  - Meat/*parasitology
MH  - Trichinella/isolation & purification
MH  - Trichinellosis/diagnosis/*epidemiology
MH  - Walruses
EDAT- 2017/07/07 06:00
MHDA- 2017/07/14 06:00
CRDT- 2017/07/07 06:00
AID - 10.15585/mmwr.mm6626a3 [doi]
PST - epublish
SO  - MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2017 Jul 7;66(26):692-696. doi:
      10.15585/mmwr.mm6626a3.