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The esperanza window trap reduces the human biting rate of Simulium ochraceum s.l. in formerly onchocerciasis endemic foci in Southern Mexico.

Abstract The Esperanza Window Trap (EWT) baited with CO2 and human sweat compounds is attractive to Simulium ochraceum s.l., the primary vector of Onchocerca volvulus in the historically largest endemic foci in México and Guatemala.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms

Simuliidae

Keywords
Journal Title plos neglected tropical diseases
Publication Year Start




PMID- 28686665
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DA  - 20170707
DCOM- 20170801
LR  - 20170801
IS  - 1935-2735 (Electronic)
IS  - 1935-2727 (Linking)
VI  - 11
IP  - 7
DP  - 2017 Jul
TI  - The esperanza window trap reduces the human biting rate of Simulium ochraceum
      s.l. in formerly onchocerciasis endemic foci in Southern Mexico.
PG  - e0005686
LID - 10.1371/journal.pntd.0005686 [doi]
AB  - BACKGROUND: The Esperanza Window Trap (EWT) baited with CO2 and human sweat
      compounds is attractive to Simulium ochraceum s.l., the primary vector of
      Onchocerca volvulus in the historically largest endemic foci in Mexico and
      Guatemala. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: The ability of the EWT to locally
      reduce numbers of questing S. ochraceum s.l. was evaluated in two formerly
      onchocerciasis endemic communities in Southern Mexico. At each community, two
      EWTs were placed in or near a school or household and flies were collected
      sequentially for a total of 10 days. Black fly collections were then carried out 
      for an additional 10 days in the absence of the EWTs. Flies were also collected
      outside the dwellings to control for variations in the local fly populations.
      When the EWTs were present, there was a significant reduction in the human biting
      rate at both the household and school locations at collection sites, with a
      greater effect observed in the schools. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: These results
      indicate that the EWTs not only have potential as a black fly monitoring tool but
      may be used for reducing personal exposure to fly bites in Mesoamerica.
FAU - Rodriguez-Perez, Mario A
AU  - Rodriguez-Perez MA
AUID- ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0905-6073
AD  - Centro de Biotecnologia Genomica, Instituto Politecnico Nacional, Reynosa,
      Tamaulipas, Mexico.
FAU - Garza-Hernandez, Javier A
AU  - Garza-Hernandez JA
AD  - Centro de Biotecnologia Genomica, Instituto Politecnico Nacional, Reynosa,
      Tamaulipas, Mexico.
AD  - Laboratorio de Biologia Molecular, Universidad Autonoma Agraria Antonio Narro,
      Unidad Laguna, Torreon, Coahuila. C. P., Mexico.
FAU - Salinas-Carmona, Mario C
AU  - Salinas-Carmona MC
AD  - Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon, Facultad de Medicina, Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, 
      Mexico.
FAU - Fernandez-Salas, Ildefonso
AU  - Fernandez-Salas I
AD  - Centro Regional de Investigacion en Salud Publica, Instituto Nacional de Salud
      Publica, Tapachula, Chiapas, Mexico.
FAU - Reyes-Villanueva, Filiberto
AU  - Reyes-Villanueva F
AD  - Centro de Biotecnologia Genomica, Instituto Politecnico Nacional, Reynosa,
      Tamaulipas, Mexico.
FAU - Real-Najarro, Olga
AU  - Real-Najarro O
AD  - Consejeria de Educacion, Madrid, Espana. Calle Maestro 19, Leganes (Madrid)
      Madrid, Espana.
FAU - Cupp, Eddie W
AU  - Cupp EW
AD  - Department of Entomology and Plant Pathology, Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama,
      United States of America.
FAU - Unnasch, Thomas R
AU  - Unnasch TR
AD  - Global Health Infectious Disease Research Program, Department of Global Health,
      University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida, United States of America.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
DEP - 20170707
PL  - United States
TA  - PLoS Negl Trop Dis
JT  - PLoS neglected tropical diseases
JID - 101291488
SB  - IM
MH  - Animals
MH  - Entomology
MH  - Host-Parasite Interactions
MH  - Humans
MH  - Insect Bites and Stings/*epidemiology
MH  - Insect Control/*methods
MH  - Insect Vectors/parasitology
MH  - Mexico
MH  - Onchocerca volvulus
MH  - Onchocerciasis/*prevention & control/transmission
MH  - Regression Analysis
MH  - *Simuliidae/parasitology
EDAT- 2017/07/08 06:00
MHDA- 2017/08/02 06:00
CRDT- 2017/07/08 06:00
PHST- 2016/11/03 [received]
PHST- 2017/06/07 [accepted]
PHST- 2017/07/19 [revised]
AID - 10.1371/journal.pntd.0005686 [doi]
AID - PNTD-D-16-01991 [pii]
PST - epublish
SO  - PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2017 Jul 7;11(7):e0005686. doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0005686.
      eCollection 2017 Jul.