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Hearing aids for otitis media with effusion: Do children use them?

Abstract ENT surgeons may refer children with otitis media with effusion (OME) to audiology for consideration of hearing aids. They are an option for the treatment of OME, but are only effective if the child actually wears them. Our study investigated what proportion of children referred for hearing aids actually receive them, and whether children use them.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms
Keywords

Children

Glue ear

Hearing aid

Otitis media with effusion

Journal Title international journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology
Publication Year Start




PMID- 28688552
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DA  - 20170709
DCOM- 20170803
LR  - 20170803
IS  - 1872-8464 (Electronic)
IS  - 0165-5876 (Linking)
VI  - 99
DP  - 2017 Aug
TI  - Hearing aids for otitis media with effusion: Do children use them?
PG  - 117-119
LID - S0165-5876(17)30247-1 [pii]
LID - 10.1016/j.ijporl.2017.05.027 [doi]
AB  - INTRODUCTION: ENT surgeons may refer children with otitis media with effusion
      (OME) to audiology for consideration of hearing aids. They are an option for the 
      treatment of OME, but are only effective if the child actually wears them. Our
      study investigated what proportion of children referred for hearing aids actually
      receive them, and whether children use them. METHOD: Retrospective study of
      children referred to audiology from November 2013 to August 2014, including 70
      children referred by ENT for hearing aids for OME, plus a further 5 children with
      OME given hearing aids through direct access audiology service. RESULTS: During
      the study period, there were 202 referrals of children to audiology, of which 70 
      (34.7%) were for consideration of hearing aids for OME. Of these 70 referred
      children, 37 (52.9%) were not fitted with hearing aids due to normal audiometry
      (23), asymptomatic mild hearing loss (7), nonattendance (3), clinical decision to
      just monitor hearing (1), parental decline (2), and unrecorded reason (1). A
      total of 38 children (including direct access patients) were fitted with hearing 
      aids for OME. Majority (36/38) of children issued aids used them, 16 all day, 7
      only at school, 1 only at home, 3 only when needed, and 9 used them for an
      unspecified duration; 1 child's use of hearing aids was unrecorded, and 1 child
      refused to use it. 21 were fitted bilaterally and 17 unilaterally. 37 were behind
      the ear aids and 1 a BAHA softband. CONCLUSIONS: A third of referrals to
      paediatric audiology by ENT are for consideration of hearing aids for OME. Only
      about half of children referred to audiology for hearing aids for OME actually
      receive them, as by the time they see audiology the hearing loss has frequently
      resolved or is asymptomatic so that aiding is unwarranted. Once fitted, they
      appear to be well accepted. Hearing aids have fair utilization in children fitted
      with them for OME.
CI  - Copyright (c) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
FAU - Gan, Richard Wei Chern
AU  - Gan RWC
AD  - Queen's Medical Centre, Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust, Derby Road,
      Nottingham NG7 2UH, UK. Electronic address: [email protected]
FAU - Overton, Parisa
AU  - Overton P
AD  - Nottingham Audiology Services, Ropewalk House, Nottingham, UK.
FAU - Benton, Claire
AU  - Benton C
AD  - Nottingham Audiology Services, Ropewalk House, Nottingham, UK.
FAU - Daniel, Matija
AU  - Daniel M
AD  - Queen's Medical Centre, Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust, Nottingham
      Hearing Biomedical Research Unit and Division of Clinical Neuroscience, The
      University of Nottingham, UK.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
DEP - 20170614
PL  - Ireland
TA  - Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol
JT  - International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology
JID - 8003603
SB  - IM
MH  - Child
MH  - Child, Preschool
MH  - Female
MH  - Hearing Aids/*statistics & numerical data
MH  - Hearing Loss/etiology/*therapy
MH  - Hearing Tests
MH  - Humans
MH  - Male
MH  - Otitis Media with Effusion/complications/*therapy
MH  - Retrospective Studies
OTO - NOTNLM
OT  - Children
OT  - Glue ear
OT  - Hearing aid
OT  - Otitis media with effusion
EDAT- 2017/07/10 06:00
MHDA- 2017/08/05 06:00
CRDT- 2017/07/10 06:00
PHST- 2017/02/18 [received]
PHST- 2017/05/25 [revised]
PHST- 2017/05/31 [accepted]
AID - S0165-5876(17)30247-1 [pii]
AID - 10.1016/j.ijporl.2017.05.027 [doi]
PST - ppublish
SO  - Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2017 Aug;99:117-119. doi:
      10.1016/j.ijporl.2017.05.027. Epub 2017 Jun 14.