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The association between multiple chemical sensitivity and mental illness: Evidence from a nationally representative sample of Canadians.

Abstract The goal of the present study was to investigate the association between multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS) and major depressive disorder (MDD), generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), MDD and GAD comorbidity (MDD+GAD), severe distress, and positive mental wellbeing.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms
Keywords

Comorbidity

Generalized anxiety disorder

Major depressive disorder

Mental illness

Multiple chemical sensitivity

Journal Title journal of psychosomatic research
Publication Year Start




PMID- 28712429
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DCOM- 20180118
LR  - 20180118
IS  - 1879-1360 (Electronic)
IS  - 0022-3999 (Linking)
VI  - 99
DP  - 2017 Aug
TI  - The association between multiple chemical sensitivity and mental illness:
      Evidence from a nationally representative sample of Canadians.
PG  - 40-44
LID - S0022-3999(17)30177-0 [pii]
LID - 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2017.06.002 [doi]
AB  - OBJECTIVE: The goal of the present study was to investigate the association
      between multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS) and major depressive disorder (MDD), 
      generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), MDD and GAD comorbidity (MDD+GAD), severe
      distress, and positive mental wellbeing. METHODS: This cross-sectional
      investigation was carried out using the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey -
      Mental Health Component. The study population consisted of 21,977 individuals
      aged 20 and older, from Canada's ten provinces. Odds ratios were computed using
      multinomial logistic regression to calculate estimates of the association between
      MCS and mental illness. All analyses were weighted to take into account the
      complex survey design. RESULTS: Individuals with MCS had 2.37 (1.55, 3.64) times 
      greater odds of MDD, 3.09 (1.80, 5.30) times greater odds of MDD+GAD, and 2.60
      (1.67, 4.07) times greater odds of severe distress. No association between MCS
      and GAD was observed. A sex difference was observed with males with MCS having
      lower odds of positive mental wellbeing, whereas no association was observed in
      females. CONCLUSIONS: The present study findings supported an association between
      MCS and mental illness. The causal mechanism supporting this association remains 
      unclear.
CI  - Copyright (c) 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
FAU - Johnson, Dylan
AU  - Johnson D
AD  - University of Ottawa, School of Epidemiology, Public Health, and Preventive
      Medicine, 451 Smyth Road, Room 3230C, Ottawa, ON, Canada.
FAU - Colman, Ian
AU  - Colman I
AD  - University of Ottawa, School of Epidemiology, Public Health, and Preventive
      Medicine, 451 Smyth Road, Room 3230C, Ottawa, ON, Canada. Electronic address:
      [email protected]
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
DEP - 20170608
PL  - England
TA  - J Psychosom Res
JT  - Journal of psychosomatic research
JID - 0376333
SB  - IM
MH  - Adult
MH  - Aged
MH  - Anxiety Disorders/epidemiology/*etiology
MH  - Canada
MH  - Comorbidity
MH  - Cross-Sectional Studies
MH  - Depressive Disorder, Major/epidemiology/*etiology
MH  - Female
MH  - Humans
MH  - Male
MH  - Middle Aged
MH  - Multiple Chemical Sensitivity/*complications/epidemiology
MH  - Surveys and Questionnaires
MH  - Young Adult
OTO - NOTNLM
OT  - Comorbidity
OT  - Generalized anxiety disorder
OT  - Major depressive disorder
OT  - Mental illness
OT  - Multiple chemical sensitivity
EDAT- 2017/07/18 06:00
MHDA- 2018/01/19 06:00
CRDT- 2017/07/18 06:00
PHST- 2017/03/01 00:00 [received]
PHST- 2017/05/17 00:00 [revised]
PHST- 2017/06/05 00:00 [accepted]
PHST- 2017/07/18 06:00 [entrez]
PHST- 2017/07/18 06:00 [pubmed]
PHST- 2018/01/19 06:00 [medline]
AID - S0022-3999(17)30177-0 [pii]
AID - 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2017.06.002 [doi]
PST - ppublish
SO  - J Psychosom Res. 2017 Aug;99:40-44. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2017.06.002. Epub
      2017 Jun 8.