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Response to an unusual outbreak in a high-risk situation.

Abstract In 2010, a series of lead poisoning outbreaks linked to artisanal gold processing killed at least 400 young children in Zamfara State in northwestern Nigeria. There were several efforts to respond to the outbreaks as they occurred. Subsequent recurrence of lead poisoning outbreaks within Zamfara and beyond suggested that there were no efforts to mitigate the outbreaks as recommended for disaster management. This case study, to be completed within 3 hours, is suitable for senior level public health officials and those training for such positions. It enables participants to review and apply epidemiological principles for managing disasters and suggest steps toward development of policy recommendations based on the context of environmental lead exposure. It will serve as a generic training module for managers/responders of other natural (floods, heat stroke) and man-made disasters (civil strife, conflict, insurgency) based on the general/standard principle of the complete disaster management cycle.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms
Keywords

Public health

disaster management

epidemiology

lead poisoning

outbreak

Journal Title the pan african medical journal
Publication Year Start




PMID- 28721171
OWN - NLM
STAT- In-Process
DA  - 20170719
LR  - 20170723
IS  - 1937-8688 (Electronic)
VI  - 27
IP  - Suppl 1
DP  - 2017
TI  - Response to an unusual outbreak in a high-risk situation.
PG  - 7
LID - 10.11604/pamj.supp.2017.27.1.12566 [doi]
AB  - In 2010, a series of lead poisoning outbreaks linked to artisanal gold processing
      killed at least 400 young children in Zamfara State in northwestern Nigeria.
      There were several efforts to respond to the outbreaks as they occurred.
      Subsequent recurrence of lead poisoning outbreaks within Zamfara and beyond
      suggested that there were no efforts to mitigate the outbreaks as recommended for
      disaster management. This case study, to be completed within 3 hours, is suitable
      for senior level public health officials and those training for such positions.
      It enables participants to review and apply epidemiological principles for
      managing disasters and suggest steps toward development of policy recommendations
      based on the context of environmental lead exposure. It will serve as a generic
      training module for managers/responders of other natural (floods, heat stroke)
      and man-made disasters (civil strife, conflict, insurgency) based on the
      general/standard principle of the complete disaster management cycle.
FAU - Dalhat, Mahmood Muazu
AU  - Dalhat MM
AD  - Nigeria Field Epidemiology Training Program, Nigeria.
FAU - Fawole, Olufunmilayo Ibitola
AU  - Fawole OI
AD  - Nigeria Field Epidemiology Training Program, Nigeria.
AD  - College of Medicine, University Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.
FAU - Nguku, Patrick Mboya
AU  - Nguku PM
AD  - Nigeria Field Epidemiology Training Program, Nigeria.
FAU - Park, Meeyoung Mattie
AU  - Park MM
AD  - Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University.
FAU - Hall, Casey Daniel
AU  - Hall CD
AD  - Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University.
FAU - Sani-Gwarzo, Nasir
AU  - Sani-Gwarzo N
AD  - Department of Public Health, Federal Ministry of Health, Abuja, Nigeria.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
DEP - 20170528
PL  - Uganda
TA  - Pan Afr Med J
JT  - The Pan African medical journal
JID - 101517926
PMC - PMC5500940
OTO - NOTNLM
OT  - Public health
OT  - disaster management
OT  - epidemiology
OT  - lead poisoning
OT  - outbreak
COI - The authors declare no competing interest.
EDAT- 2017/07/20 06:00
MHDA- 2017/07/20 06:00
CRDT- 2017/07/20 06:00
PHST- 2017/04/19 [received]
PHST- 2017/05/05 [accepted]
AID - 10.11604/pamj.supp.2017.27.1.12566 [doi]
AID - PAMJ-SUPP-27-1-07 [pii]
PST - epublish
SO  - Pan Afr Med J. 2017 May 28;27(Suppl 1):7. doi:
      10.11604/pamj.supp.2017.27.1.12566. eCollection 2017.