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Occupational risk factors among Iranian farmworkers: a review of the available evidence.

Abstract Farming is one of the most important components of most economies. No comprehensive picture exists of the health status of Iranian farmers and the work-related hazards that affect them. We aimed to determine the gaps in the current knowledge regarding the occupational health of Iranian farmworkers. Electronic databases including Medline, Web of Science, Scopus, and Embase, as well as national databases including the Scientific Information Database, MagIran, and Barakat Knowledge System, were searched for articles published through March 2017. All epidemiologic studies regarding the occupational health of farmworkers in Iran were reviewed, regardless of their design, language, time of publication, and location. Of the 86 retrieved articles, 39 studies were ultimately analyzed. Most studies were conducted in Fars, Kerman, and Mazandaran provinces. According to the results of this review, chemical, physical, and biological hazards, along with work-related injuries, may be the main factors threatening the health of farmworkers. The unsafe use of pesticides was related to male infertility, eye and digestive complications, pesticide poisoning, pesticide absorption, hematological changes, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, and multiple myeloma. Chemical hazards (e.g., the unsafe use of pesticides), physical hazards, injuries, and biological hazards (e.g., work-related infectious diseases) threaten the health of Iranian farmworkers. Moreover, farmworkers lack adequate knowledge about the occupational hazards they face and the relevant risk factors.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms
Keywords

Farmworkers

Iran

Occupational health

Risk factors

Journal Title epidemiology and health
Publication Year Start




PMID- 28728349
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DA  - 20170721
DCOM- 20170815
LR  - 20170815
IS  - 2092-7193 (Electronic)
IS  - 2092-7193 (Linking)
VI  - 39
DP  - 2017
TI  - Occupational risk factors among Iranian farmworkers: a review of the available
      evidence.
PG  - e2017027
LID - 10.4178/epih.e2017027 [doi]
AB  - Farming is one of the most important components of most economies. No
      comprehensive picture exists of the health status of Iranian farmers and the
      work-related hazards that affect them. We aimed to determine the gaps in the
      current knowledge regarding the occupational health of Iranian farmworkers.
      Electronic databases including Medline, Web of Science, Scopus, and Embase, as
      well as national databases including the Scientific Information Database,
      MagIran, and Barakat Knowledge System, were searched for articles published
      through March 2017. All epidemiologic studies regarding the occupational health
      of farmworkers in Iran were reviewed, regardless of their design, language, time 
      of publication, and location. Of the 86 retrieved articles, 39 studies were
      ultimately analyzed. Most studies were conducted in Fars, Kerman, and Mazandaran 
      provinces. According to the results of this review, chemical, physical, and
      biological hazards, along with work-related injuries, may be the main factors
      threatening the health of farmworkers. The unsafe use of pesticides was related
      to male infertility, eye and digestive complications, pesticide poisoning,
      pesticide absorption, hematological changes, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, and multiple
      myeloma. Chemical hazards (e.g., the unsafe use of pesticides), physical hazards,
      injuries, and biological hazards (e.g., work-related infectious diseases)
      threaten the health of Iranian farmworkers. Moreover, farmworkers lack adequate
      knowledge about the occupational hazards they face and the relevant risk factors.
FAU - Ghafari, Mahin
AU  - Ghafari M
AUID- ORCID: 0000-0002-9441-7557
AD  - Department of Public Health, School of Health, Shahrekord University of Medical
      Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran.
FAU - Cheraghi, Zahra
AU  - Cheraghi Z
AUID- ORCID: 0000-0001-9041-559X
AD  - Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Hamadan University of
      Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.
FAU - Doosti-Irani, Amin
AU  - Doosti-Irani A
AUID- ORCID: 0000-0003-0623-7503
AD  - Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Hamadan University of
      Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
PT  - Review
DEP - 20170702
PL  - Korea (South)
TA  - Epidemiol Health
JT  - Epidemiology and health
JID - 101519472
RN  - 0 (Pesticides)
SB  - IM
MH  - Farmers/*statistics & numerical data
MH  - Humans
MH  - Iran/epidemiology
MH  - Occupational Diseases/chemically induced/*epidemiology
MH  - Occupational Exposure/*adverse effects
MH  - Occupational Injuries/*epidemiology
MH  - Pesticides/*toxicity
MH  - Risk Factors
PMC - PMC5543294
OTO - NOTNLM
OT  - Farmworkers
OT  - Iran
OT  - Occupational health
OT  - Risk factors
EDAT- 2017/07/22 06:00
MHDA- 2017/08/16 06:00
CRDT- 2017/07/22 06:00
PHST- 2017/06/01 [received]
PHST- 2017/07/02 [accepted]
AID - epih.e2017027 [pii]
AID - 10.4178/epih.e2017027 [doi]
PST - epublish
SO  - Epidemiol Health. 2017 Jul 2;39:e2017027. doi: 10.4178/epih.e2017027. eCollection
      2017.