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Evaluation of Knowledge-Attitudes-Practices of the populations in the health districts of Benoye, Laoukassy, Moundou and South N'Djamena towards canine rabies in Chad.

Abstract Canine rabies remains a concern in Africa as well as in Chad. Our study aimed to evaluate the knowledge, attitudes and practices of the populations towards the appropriate management of people exposed to canine rabies and effective fight against it.
PMID
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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms

Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice

Keywords

Chad

Knowledge-Attitudes-Practices

health districts

households

rabies

Journal Title the pan african medical journal
Publication Year Start




PMID- 28761600
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DA  - 20170801
DCOM- 20170822
LR  - 20170822
IS  - 1937-8688 (Electronic)
VI  - 27
DP  - 2017
TI  - [Evaluation of Knowledge-Attitudes-Practices of the populations in the health
      districts of Benoye, Laoukassy, Moundou and South N'Djamena towards canine rabies
      in Chad].
PG  - 24
LID - 10.11604/pamj.2017.27.24.11464 [doi]
AB  - INTRODUCTION: Canine rabies remains a concern in Africa as well as in Chad. Our
      study aimed to evaluate the knowledge, attitudes and practices of the populations
      towards the appropriate management of people exposed to canine rabies and
      effective fight against it. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional, descriptive 
      study in four health districts in Chad in July and in September 2015. Data were
      collected from households recruited by three-stage random sampling by means of a 
      questionnaire. RESULTS: We conducted a survey of 2428 individuals having
      completed at least primary education level (54,12%). The average age was 36 +/-
      13.50 years. Surveyed individuals were farmers (35,17%), merchants (18,04%),
      households (12.81%). Rabies was defined as a disease transmitted from the dog to 
      the man (41.43%), an alteration in brain function (41.27%), an undernourishment
      (10.26%). The cat was little-known to be a reservoir(13.84%) and a vector
      (19,77%) as well as licking was little-known to be a transmission medium (4.61%) 
      and cat vaccination to be a preventive measure (0.49%). First aid for a bite at
      home was the traditional practice (47,69%), wounds washing (19.48%) or no action 
      undertaken (20.43%). Households consulted the Health Service (78.50%), the Animal
      Health Service (5.35%) and the traditional healers (27%). CONCLUSION: A
      communication campaing for implementing first aid at home in the event of a bite,
      knowledge about the cat as a reservoir and a vector and licking as a transmission
      medium as well as the promotion of the consultation of veterinary services in the
      event of a bite are necessary.
FAU - Mindekem, Rolande
AU  - Mindekem R
AD  - Ministere de la Sante Publique, Tchad.
AD  - Centre de Support en Sante Internationale, Tchad.
FAU - Lechenne, Monique
AU  - Lechenne M
AD  - Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Bale, Suisse.
AD  - Universite de Bale, Suisse.
FAU - Alfaroukh, Idriss Oumar
AU  - Alfaroukh IO
AD  - Coordination Regionale de la Composante Sante Animale du Projet d'Appui au
      Pastoralisme au Sahel, Bamako, Mali.
FAU - Moto, Daugla Doumagoum
AU  - Moto DD
AD  - Ministere de la Sante Publique, Tchad.
FAU - Zinsstag, Jakob
AU  - Zinsstag J
AD  - Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Bale, Suisse.
AD  - Universite de Bale, Suisse.
FAU - Ouedraogo, Laurent Tinoaga
AU  - Ouedraogo LT
AD  - Institut Regional de Sante Publique, Ouidah, Benin.
FAU - Salifou, Sahidou
AU  - Salifou S
AD  - Universite d'Abomey Calavi, Benin.
LA  - fre
PT  - Journal Article
TT  - Evaluation des Connaissances-Attitudes-Pratiques des populations des districts
      sanitaires de Benoye, Laoukassy, Moundou et N'Djamena Sud sur la rage canine au
      Tchad.
DEP - 20170510
PL  - Uganda
TA  - Pan Afr Med J
JT  - The Pan African medical journal
JID - 101517926
SB  - IM
MH  - Adult
MH  - Animals
MH  - Bites and Stings/*epidemiology
MH  - Cat Diseases/epidemiology/prevention & control
MH  - Cats
MH  - Chad/epidemiology
MH  - Cross-Sectional Studies
MH  - Dog Diseases/epidemiology/*prevention & control
MH  - Dogs
MH  - Female
MH  - First Aid/methods
MH  - *Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
MH  - Humans
MH  - Male
MH  - Middle Aged
MH  - Rabies/*prevention & control/transmission/veterinary
MH  - Surveys and Questionnaires
MH  - Vaccination/methods
MH  - Young Adult
PMC - PMC5516672
OTO - NOTNLM
OT  - Chad
OT  - Knowledge-Attitudes-Practices
OT  - health districts
OT  - households
OT  - rabies
EDAT- 2017/08/02 06:00
MHDA- 2017/08/23 06:00
CRDT- 2017/08/02 06:00
PHST- 2016/12/22 [received]
PHST- 2017/02/18 [accepted]
AID - 10.11604/pamj.2017.27.24.11464 [doi]
AID - PAMJ-27-24 [pii]
PST - epublish
SO  - Pan Afr Med J. 2017 May 10;27:24. doi: 10.11604/pamj.2017.27.24.11464.
      eCollection 2017.