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Oral and Dental Aspects of Child Abuse and Neglect.

Abstract In all 50 states, health care providers (including dentists) are mandated to report suspected cases of abuse and neglect to social service or law enforcement agencies. The purpose of this report is to review the oral and dental aspects of physical and sexual abuse and dental neglect in children and the role of pediatric care providers and dental providers in evaluating such conditions. This report addresses the evaluation of bite marks as well as perioral and intraoral injuries, infections, and diseases that may raise suspicion for child abuse or neglect. Oral health issues can also be associated with bullying and are commonly seen in human trafficking victims. Some medical providers may receive less education pertaining to oral health and dental injury and disease and may not detect the mouth and gum findings that are related to abuse or neglect as readily as they detect those involving other areas of the body. Therefore, pediatric care providers and dental providers are encouraged to collaborate to increase the prevention, detection, and treatment of these conditions in children.
PMID
Related Publications

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Authors

Mayor MeshTerms
Keywords
Journal Title pediatrics
Publication Year Start




PMID- 28771417
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DA  - 20170803
DCOM- 20170828
LR  - 20170828
IS  - 1098-4275 (Electronic)
IS  - 0031-4005 (Linking)
VI  - 140
IP  - 2
DP  - 2017 Aug
TI  - Oral and Dental Aspects of Child Abuse and Neglect.
LID - e20171487 [pii]
LID - 10.1542/peds.2017-1487 [doi]
AB  - In all 50 states, health care providers (including dentists) are mandated to
      report suspected cases of abuse and neglect to social service or law enforcement 
      agencies. The purpose of this report is to review the oral and dental aspects of 
      physical and sexual abuse and dental neglect in children and the role of
      pediatric care providers and dental providers in evaluating such conditions. This
      report addresses the evaluation of bite marks as well as perioral and intraoral
      injuries, infections, and diseases that may raise suspicion for child abuse or
      neglect. Oral health issues can also be associated with bullying and are commonly
      seen in human trafficking victims. Some medical providers may receive less
      education pertaining to oral health and dental injury and disease and may not
      detect the mouth and gum findings that are related to abuse or neglect as readily
      as they detect those involving other areas of the body. Therefore, pediatric care
      providers and dental providers are encouraged to collaborate to increase the
      prevention, detection, and treatment of these conditions in children.
CI  - Copyright © 2017 by the American Academy of Pediatrics and American Academy 
      of Pediatric Dentistry.
FAU - Fisher-Owens, Susan A
AU  - Fisher-Owens SA
FAU - Lukefahr, James L
AU  - Lukefahr JL
FAU - Tate, Anupama Rao
AU  - Tate AR
CN  - AMERICAN ACADEMY OF PEDIATRICS, SECTION ON ORAL HEALTH
CN  - COMMITTEE ON CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT
CN  - AMERICAN ACADEMY OF PEDIATRIC DENTISTRY, COUNCIL ON CLINICAL AFFAIRS, COUNCIL ON 
      SCIENTIFIC AFFAIRS
CN  - AD HOC WORK GROUP ON CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
PL  - United States
TA  - Pediatrics
JT  - Pediatrics
JID - 0376422
SB  - AIM
SB  - IM
MH  - Adolescent
MH  - Bites and Stings/complications/diagnosis
MH  - Bullying
MH  - Child
MH  - Child Abuse/*diagnosis/legislation & jurisprudence
MH  - Child Abuse, Sexual/*diagnosis/legislation & jurisprudence
MH  - Child, Preschool
MH  - Diagnosis, Differential
MH  - Female
MH  - Guideline Adherence
MH  - Human Trafficking/legislation & jurisprudence
MH  - Humans
MH  - Male
MH  - Mandatory Reporting
MH  - Mouth/*injuries
MH  - Referral and Consultation
MH  - Sexual Behavior
MH  - Sexually Transmitted Diseases/diagnosis/etiology
MH  - Tooth Injuries/*diagnosis/etiology
COI - POTENTIAL CONFLICT OF INTEREST: The authors have indicated they have no potential
      conflicts of interest to disclose.
IR  - Krol D
FIR - Krol, David
IR  - Braun P
FIR - Braun, Patricia
IR  - Gereige R
FIR - Gereige, Rani
IR  - Jacob L
FIR - Jacob, Lisa
IR  - Karp J
FIR - Karp, Jeffrey
IR  - Flaherty EG
FIR - Flaherty, Emalee G
IR  - Idzerda SM
FIR - Idzerda, Sheila M
IR  - Legano LA
FIR - Legano, Lori A
IR  - Leventhal JM
FIR - Leventhal, John M
IR  - Sege RD
FIR - Sege, Robert D
EDAT- 2017/08/05 06:00
MHDA- 2017/08/29 06:00
CRDT- 2017/08/04 06:00
AID - peds.2017-1487 [pii]
AID - 10.1542/peds.2017-1487 [doi]
PST - ppublish
SO  - Pediatrics. 2017 Aug;140(2). pii: e20171487. doi: 10.1542/peds.2017-1487.