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The effects of dietary inclusion of garlic on growth performance and disease resistance of African catfish (Clarias gariepinus) fingerlings against Aeromonas hydrophila infection.

Abstract The present study aimed to investigate the effects of dietary inclusion of garlic (Allium sativum) peels and cloves on the growth performance and disease resistance of African catfish (Clarias gariepinus) fingerlings against Aeromonas hydrophila infection. Seven isonitrogenous (36% protein) experimental diets were formulated to contain graded levels of garlic (peels and cloves) at 0, 10, 20 and 30g.kg-1. Fish were fed twice a day for 12 weeks. The results demonstrated that no significant differences were observed with respect to growth performance or feed utilization efficiency (i.e., body weight gain (WG) (133 ? 0.3g), specific growth rate (SGR) (2.23 ? 0.04%), and feed conversion ratio (FCR) (1.00 ? 0.2g) of fish fed with different inclusion levels of garlic peels and cloves as compared to control group. The plasma biochemical results showed higher total protein, albumin and globulin content in control group (T1) as compared to the experimental groups, but these results were not significant. After the fish were challenged with A. hydrophila, low survival (13 %) was found in control group which was significantly lower as compared to all the treatment groups (> 35 %). Meanwhile, the highest survival (64%) was observed for fish fed with garlic cloves at 20g.kg(-1) (T3). The results showed that inclusion of garlic cloves at 20 g.kg(-1) could enhance the resistance of African catfish fingerlings to A. hydrophila infection. ??
PMID
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The effects of dietary inclusion of garlic on growth performance and disease resistance of African catfish (Clarias gariepinus) fingerlings against Aeromonas hydrophila infection.

Authors

Mayor MeshTerms

Aeromonas hydrophila

Catfishes

Garlic

Keywords
Journal Title journal of environmental biology
Publication Year Start




PMID- 28779742
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DA  - 20170806
DCOM- 20170824
LR  - 20170824
IS  - 0254-8704 (Print)
IS  - 0254-8704 (Linking)
VI  - 37
IP  - 4 Spec No
DP  - 2016 Jul
TI  - The effects of dietary inclusion of garlic on growth performance and disease
      resistance of African catfish (Clarias gariepinus) fingerlings against Aeromonas 
      hydrophila infection.
PG  - 817-24
AB  - The present study aimed to investigate the effects of dietary inclusion of garlic
      (Allium sativum) peels and cloves on the growth performance and disease
      resistance of African catfish (Clarias gariepinus) fingerlings against Aeromonas 
      hydrophila infection. Seven isonitrogenous (36% protein) experimental diets were 
      formulated to contain graded levels of garlic (peels and cloves) at 0, 10, 20 and
      30g.kg-1. Fish were fed twice a day for 12 weeks. The results demonstrated that
      no significant differences were observed with respect to growth performance or
      feed utilization efficiency (i.e., body weight gain (WG) (133 ? 0.3g), specific
      growth rate (SGR) (2.23 ? 0.04%), and feed conversion ratio (FCR) (1.00 ? 0.2g)
      of fish fed with different inclusion levels of garlic peels and cloves as
      compared to control group. The plasma biochemical results showed higher total
      protein, albumin and globulin content in control group (T1) as compared to the
      experimental groups, but these results were not significant. After the fish were 
      challenged with A. hydrophila, low survival (13 %) was found in control group
      which was significantly lower as compared to all the treatment groups (> 35 %).
      Meanwhile, the highest survival (64%) was observed for fish fed with garlic
      cloves at 20g.kg(-1) (T3). The results showed that inclusion of garlic cloves at 
      20 g.kg(-1) could enhance the resistance of African catfish fingerlings to A.
      hydrophila infection. ??
FAU - Eirna-liza, N
AU  - Eirna-liza N
FAU - Saad, Che Roos
AU  - Saad CR
FAU - Hassim, Hasliza Abu
AU  - Hassim HA
FAU - Karim, Murni
AU  - Karim M
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
PT  - Randomized Controlled Trial
PT  - Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
PL  - India
TA  - J Environ Biol
JT  - Journal of environmental biology
JID - 8300544
SB  - IM
MH  - *Aeromonas hydrophila
MH  - Animal Feed/analysis
MH  - Animals
MH  - *Catfishes
MH  - Diet/veterinary
MH  - Fish Diseases/*microbiology/prevention & control
MH  - *Garlic
MH  - Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections/microbiology/prevention & control/*veterinary
EDAT- 2017/08/07 06:00
MHDA- 2017/08/25 06:00
CRDT- 2017/08/07 06:00
PST - ppublish
SO  - J Environ Biol. 2016 Jul;37(4 Spec No):817-24.